• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In this essay, I hope to give you, the audience, the basics of the three main learning theories: Classical, Operant, and Cognitive.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Learning Theories In this essay, I hope to give you, the audience, the basics of the three main learning theories: Classical, Operant, and Cognitive. The main question in sport is how do these theories apply to certain sport and how can a coach/teacher use them in order to get his/her point across. To give an answer to this I will try to give examples of how I was taught or a way in which I have used a theory in teaching when on work experience for one example. Classical Conditioning This is the most difficult of the three main theories to apply to a sporting context as sport often consists of multiple choices. This however links one stimulus, trigger, to one response, for example trained his pet dogs to respond to a bell, which he rang every time they were to eat. ...read more.

Middle

For instance in a PE lesson at my previous school, my teacher would blow the whistle in a football game and play would begin or stop, according to his decision. Operant Conditioning This is similar to the Classical Conditioning but allows one stimulus to be reacted to by a number of responses. This involves the stimulus-organism response. Olsen (1981) explains this; 'Product acceptance and behaviour can be categorised into four stages: 1. Stimulus input is the relationship between the stimulus, product, and the athlete from first contact to the end. Environment or circumstance will affect the outcome. 2. Identification is the stimulus translated from a physical experience to a psychological phenomenon. Input is encoded and identified with existing knowledge. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means that feedback and appraisal for performances is needed. Demonstrations are also needed. At this stage, the athlete will be less confident in his/her approach to the sport. The next stage in this learning programme is the Associative stage. This is the 'Intermediate stage' where the athlete begins his own internal reaction as well as gaining external reaction from a coach/teacher. However, even though more experienced the athlete is still in need of demonstrations and feedback in order to further the development of the skill. The final stage of the learning course is the Autonomous stage. This consists of the athlete being able to make automatic responses. The athlete has to be extremely dedicated to reach this stage. Only minor feedback is needed from a coach or a teacher. This is the 'pro stage' of the athlete's career. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. Structure of P.E. The structure and implantation of the physical education curriculum consist ...

    per week this will deliver a successful Olympics and Paralympics games with the legacy. National governing bodies promote children to participate in their sports which may influence them to take part in sports in school. The governing bodies have links to work with local sports clubs to foster schools and community links.

  2. Leadership Essay - PE

    In a less experienced, beginners netball team, an autocratic leader is best suited. In a team sport, players look for a captain or coach who is directive and uses authority to organizes and structure the group. Beginners need to have knowledge on the techniques and skills involved in the sport;

  1. Physiological effects of the environment on the athlete

    precaution before entering the cold sea otherwise they might run the risk of hypothermia. Convection As air molecules are moved across the body, heat will be lost because convection air currents carry the heat away. Wind will increase the flow of air over the skin, thus increasing the amount of heat lost through convection.

  2. A competent coach has many qualities and should be able to cater for the ...

    There is a core set of skills that every coach should no matter what sport you coach as it applies to all sports. * It is important you know how to communicate with your athletes and you know how to adapt your communication depending on the situation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work