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P.E. PEP section 2

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The Warm Up, what does it involve and why? A Warm Up involves 3stages 1> pulse raiser =aerobic activity 2>stretching activity=static and dynamic 3>skill-related practise, sports specific These 3 stages are all important in getting the benefits out of a warm up that you need. A warm up does several different things to the body.; *it helps to prepare you mentally for the training session/match *it increases the heart rate and blood flow, making your body ready for exercise *it warms the muscles and makes them more flexible *it warms and loosens the joint, so that you have more ability *it reduces the risk of injury to the muscles and joints It is often unrecognised that a warm up if one of the most crucial parts of a training session. A warm up motivates you mentally and physically for the training activity. ...read more.


Professional athletes will warm up probably because they understand the importance of it. They understand that warming up probably can lead to bad performance, quick fatigue of the body and mind, and also more probability of injury. The Cool Down, what does it involve and why? The cool down is equally as important as the warm up, even though some athletes tend to forget about it. A cool down should involve some jogging and other gentle exercise for the body to prepare for your body to stop working so hard so that it is not a shock to the body. Ideally you should cool down for the same about of time that you warmed up (20-30 minutes) because you body takes just as long to prepare safely, for stopping as it does to prepare safely for working harder. ...read more.


Also the right clothing is vital because if your body gets too cold then this will cause bad performance, muscle fatigue, cramps and even hyperthermia. Before during and after sport you should drinking a hydrating liquid, little and often. This is to keep you hydrated, keep energy levels up, prevent fatigue and muscle cramps. You should make sure that you don't over warm up/ cool down because this will not be beneficial. When stretching in a warm up you will be able to just you stretching ability, were as in a cool down this is slightly harder. This is because you have just done exercise your brain is busy and concentrating on other things other than the judgement of your stretching ability. You should make sure that you do not over stretch whilst doing this by knowing your generally stretching ability at that time, as you could injury your self or cause unnecessary pain afterwards. ...read more.

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