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Sprained ankle rehabilitation

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Introduction

Sports Injuries Sprained ankle - of a football player Phase 1- the first thing to do when an athlete sprains an ankle is to make sure any footwear is not removed and that they do not attempt to put weight on the ankle as this could just make the injury worse. SALTAPS is a protocol that would help diagnose and treat the injury. It should be used as soon as the injury has happened See - the injury occur, look at the mechanism of the injury. Ask - the player what is wrong, where they are injured, where the pain is and how it happened. Look - at the injury, and look for redness, deformity, bleeding or inflammation. Touch - the injury or area around injury to see if you can feel heat, ask the injured person If thy feel pain or any other sensations. Active Movement - see if the injured person can move the injured area Passive Movement - try to move the injured area Strength - if both passive and active movements are performed with no pain try a resistance movement to see if any pain occurs. If any bleeding has occurred covering and compressing the cut with a sterile cloth/bandage must treat this. ...read more.

Middle

To do this walking aids may be a good safe and necessary way to get the ankle joint moving comfortably and static stretching will also be a good safe way to get the muscles strengthened and lengthened. Stretches when doing this should be held for around 15 - 20 seconds and should be done frequently throughout the day. After around ten days after the injury has occurred active rehabilitation should be started. Before starting though some important checks should be made to make sure that the injury has recovered enough. These checks are as follows: - the inflammation around the injury has gone down significantly - the swelling around the injury has gone down significantly - the is a significant range of pain free movement when using the ankle joint - the ankle should be able to take some amount of weight baring The two best types of exercises that should be used in this stage of the injury are: mobilisation exercises - these must aim to improve the range of movement and reduce stiffness around the joint and strengthening activities should be done so that the joint becomes more stable and the muscle which have become weak due to the lack of movement are strengthened back to their original state. ...read more.

Conclusion

It will strengthen the muscles further and help them get back co-ordination and balance, which they may have lost when they could not move or move properly and frequently. When the person is confident and running well, they should progress to running up and down hills or sloped areas. This further progresses what they were doing when running in a straight line. When the person has again mastered this they should begin changing direction when running this will start flexing the ankle in different ways and again it is a progression of what this phase aims to improve. The next progression to this should be the player running diagonally up and down the hill; this will further improve what this phase aims to improve as it puts extra pressure on the ankle making it stronger and more agile. When the person has completed these activities freely and well they can then move on to skill training exercises. These as the player is a football player should include: passing, shooting, jumping and tackling as well as fitness based skills such as sprinting, and agility exercises. When the player can perform and complete these skills to a good standard they can then join back up for full training, and then eventually competitive competition/play. ...read more.

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