• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Account for the growth of post material values in western Europe and asses the consequences of their development.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Account for the growth of post material values in western Europe and asses the consequences of their development Post-material values have been a prominent characteristic of the West European political climate for a period stretching beyond the previous decade. The cultural ascendancy of post-materialism has been evident more so in Western Europe than anywhere else and its impact more profound in some European countries, for e.g. Germany than lets say Britain. Several arguments and theories have been developed to explain why this may be. One basic point to look at is the concept of political socialization which breeds value change. In this case the values of the current generation who have helped carry the post materialistic values to the forefront of politics. Values denote a partiality for certain persona and social goals and also some kind of a method to achieve them. Therefore any change in the value system of people will be contagion on the way our society perceives and reacts to particular events. By political socialization we mean the process by which people learn political values; as in this case post materialistic values. ...read more.

Middle

Also the process of socialization is not without influences from religious teachings, peers and what social class they identify with. The second strand of Ingelhart's hypothesis is value change. He suggests that individuals are motivated by the opportunity to own something that is in scarce supply. That is when something is in short supply its value is enhanced making it more attractive to those who don't have it. If the supply increases to satisfy the demand for the good then over time the object will come to be taken for granted, for e.g. up till recently everyone took petrol for granted. However, during the strike the quantity of petrol allowed per individual was limited to 15 liters. Following the strike drivers were much more eager to stock up, panic buying incase of a second strike. So according to Ingelhart our values correlate with our economic situation. The better the state of the economy the more likely we are to acknowledge post material issues. Another approach pioneered by Maslow is the hierarchical order to individuals needs. ...read more.

Conclusion

Only the industrial advance countries have the sort of major political activity which has it roots in post material values. The growth in post material values have had a profound impact on the society and the political climate. Post material values are a catalyst for many individuals to be more actively involved in the political process, which directly or indirectly effects them. Post materialist are therefore more likely to be involved in the process of decision making than others who are more materialist, also the former are more like to attempt to translate their interest into political movements. The consequences of post materialism are evident even outside the political arena, for e.g. at the work place, employees have many more rights and greater say and influence in daily operations. Job satisfaction is now considered just as much important as any monetary rewards associated with the job itself. Individuals are also much more likely to be involved with strike action to support a colleague's claims for better pay or improved working environment. However, this may not have been the case if the economy was facing a downturn. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Socialist Movement in Europe 1870 - 1914.

    At the beginning of the 20th century the Russian industrial employee worked on average an 11 hour day (10 hours on Saturday). Conditions in the factories were extremely harsh and little concern was shown for the workers' health and safety.

  2. How and why does Locke explain the creation, value and protection of property?

    life of another, by Right of property in Land or possessions'" This, of course, would include the man of sovereignty and the men of government. Property sets the limit of sovereignty, in that no man has just power over another or another's property.

  1. Europe post WW1

    In Russia the tsar abdicated and was replaced by the Provisional Government, but it only took 8 months and Russia moved from autocracy to communism. It is true that this downfall separated and freed different ethnic groups like Czechs and Slovaks, Serbs, etc.

  2. The study of international or rather global politics, seeks to provide an account of ...

    Machiavelli choose to address the causes of the rise and decline of state and sought to find a means to preserve the state; a way for statesmen to make it permanent (Sabine 1973:317). An intrinsic characteristic of Machiavelli's writings is his ability to remove religion, morality and social considerations from the domain of politics.

  1. The development of fascist doctrine.

    In practice, Fascist social and political ideas took on institutional and technical forms of various kinds, but the supportive rationale which subtended them remained constant. The doctrine, like all social and political doctrines, contained a statement of purposes and arguments understood to sustain those purposes.

  2. Extent of key political ideas in directly influencing change and development .

    to an extent Nationalism did directly influence change and development in Italy. Clearly, the unification of Italy in 1870, and the unification of Germany in 1871, can be attributed in part to the growth of nationalism. Indeed, with unification came the nationalists' aim of creating nation states that would preserve the national identity of both Italy and Germany.

  1. Are we Living in a 'Post - Ideological Society'?

    History will of course continue, as people argue discus and perform political acts, but nothing fundamental will change as there is a general acceptance of basic liberalism. However, even if this is true, it does not spell the end for ideologies all together just ideological conflict.

  2. Great Depression

    It was a policy strikingly similar to the practice of associationalism in the US. Under the New Deal, programs, such as the NRA, strove to accomplish many of the same goals as Germany. The NRA allowed the government to coordinate the activities of industries and thereby effectively regulate competition.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work