• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Analyse the European Union in Terms of Great Power status"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Analyse the European Union in Terms of Great Power status" In order to be able to analyse the European Union (E.U.) in terms of Great Power status, we have to understand the term 'Great Power'. The term refers to the ranking of the states due to their economic and military capabilities. These states can be shown to play a managerial role, in relation to maintaining order in the international system. There are four categories in which to describe whether a state is a Great Power; Economically, Global Interests, Managerial Role and Military Capabilities. In the 1970's Japan claimed to be the world's first economic power. It also claimed it maybe possible to be a Great Power without military capabilities if one is economically powerful. (This statement is on the basis that Japan actually lacks military dominance!) Economic capabilities is required in order to be a Great Power, as it permits the development of advanced military weaponry, but it is not sufficient on its own. The E.U. has had great success in the field of their economy. By 1998 the E.U.'s Gross National Product (GNP) stood at $6 trillion. So now the E.U.'s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and population exceeds that of the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA). (Which actually includes the United States (U.S.)). Plus it is very likely that the E.U. will continue to grow well into the 21st Century! In 1991 the E.U. made an agreement with the European Free Trade Area (EFTA), that the two together would create the European Economic Area (EEA). Which has gone from strength to strength to create the world's largest trading area. ...read more.

Middle

Either this takes place, or the E.U member state votes could be wielded in concert as a block vote, making the E.U's voice particularly powerful in international affairs. The Single European Act of 1986 was supposed to improve community action over foreign and security policy by putting it on a legal basis. The ending of the Cold War pushed European Political Cooperation (EPC) up the agenda, and at Maastricht a Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) was to be a second pillar of the E.U. Under the CFSP the European member states do confer with each other and vote together whenever possible. However, policy disputes mean this procedure is little more than an 'exchange of information.' Great Powers should be able to maintain their security against all others, independently. They must be in the front rank of military powers, possessing a Strategic Nuclear Capability. Indeed rank suggests they should be self-sufficient military. There should be no other power superior to them, although there could be others of comparable status. The 'Common Foreign and Security Policy' (CFSP) (the successor of the EPC), came into being with the Masstricht Treaty, which looked to a European Military Dimension. It covers "all questions related to the security of the Union, including the eventual framing of a common defence policy, which might in time lead to a common defence." Its objectives are; -To safeguard the common values, fundamental interests, and independence of the Union. - To strengthen the security of the Union and its Member States in all ways. - To preserve world peace and strengthen international security. - To promote international cooperation. ...read more.

Conclusion

So yes economically the E.U is a great power. The E.U's global interest has shown that it has the potential to be a great power. The E.U possess the old imperial power. But the member states seem to work with their links as a state, rather then as the 'E.U'. Which caused conflict in the past. But the E.U itself has no tangible interests outside of its own borders. In terms of its managerial role, it could be described as great power, due to Britain and France holding permanent seats on the U.N's security council, and so has the power to veto. Members have made important contributions to peacemaking across the glob, for example the Gulf War 1991. However, few of these positions are actually held by the E.U itself. Also the E.U is unable to deal with crisis upon its borders. Yes the E.U possess nuclear weapons, but they belong to the state members, rather than the E.U. NATO serves to defend Europe. (The U.S.A). It has Eurocorps, which is expanding, but it is not much of a military force. The E.U's military on a global scale has no comparison to the likes of; China who possesses the world's fastest growing military budget. Japan's high-tech equipment and of course the U.S who has the best and strongest military army and forces in the world. The E.U is too dependent on the U.S to even think about challenging them or any other of the states, stated. The E.U could be described as a 'Regional Power', but not really a Great Power. But it is a state with a lot of potential. David Jacobs "Analyse the European Union in terms of Great Power status" 1 David Jacobs "Analyse the European Union In terms of Great Power status" ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The European Union and UK Businesses

    3 star(s)

    The Treaty of Amsterdam (1997) The Treaty of Amsterdam was approved by the European Council held in Amsterdam on 16th -17th June 1997 and signed on 2nd October 1997 by the Foreign Ministers of the fifteen member countries of the European Union.

  2. Examples: Shadows of Leadership

    In short, this money was spent on projects that the U.S. civilian authorities cannot produce records for. One example states that the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) paid nearly $200,000 for 15 police trucks, and it was never confirmed that they were delivered.

  1. Explain the process by which EU law is made and the process by which ...

    If the ECJ had not developed this concept, citizens of Member States would not have been able to enforce the rights given to them. In particular, where the Government has not implemented a directive, the rights of individuals in many important areas, especially in employment law and discrimination, would have been lost.

  2. The Institution of the European Union and Theories.

    The religious practice of the country is mainly Catholic. Austria is visited by approximately 10 million tourist every year, who come to see the war grave yards and war history. Education is the governments number one policy and large amounts of money is invested into the education system, the languages taught in schools are English and Spanish.

  1. Why are developing countries unhappy with the global arrangements under the Bretton Woods system?

    The strict regulations imposed by the IMF and World Bank on what constitutes a loan gives them complete control over borrowing governments. These conditions are not always in the true interests of the borrowing country but their perilous financial situation gives them no choice but to accept the terms and conditions of the loan (Stein, 2004:4).

  2. What Are The Functions Of The Four EU Institutions? How Are European Laws Made?

    A Regulation is a legislative act of the European Union which has a general scope, is compulsory and is directly applicable in all Member States. Regulations constitute one of the most powerful forms of EU law and must be given immediate force of law in Member States without the need to enact implementing measures.

  1. Critically discuss how global economic trend may impact upon the future policies of the ...

    On the contrary, tourism may have to compete with other entertainments(i.e. shopping), since both activities necessitated money. Providing that more money is spent on shopping, the real disposable income for travel will reduce, and vice versa. European Travel and Tourism Action Group prospectively recommended that if European tourism industry seek

  2. What were the key provisions of the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht)? Discuss how ...

    Firstly cheaper transaction costs because the euro would allow countries in the euro zone to trade with each other without changing currencies therefore this would reduce transaction costs and it will cost less for businesses to make payments between countries within the euro zone.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work