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AP Governement review for the Constitution

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Introduction

AP REVIEW FOR THE CONSTITUTION 1. Amendment Process - process in which the constitution is changed through voting of congress 2. Anti-federalists - those who were opposed giving as much ower to the national government as the constitution did favoring instead stronger states rights 3. Bicameral - Composed of two legislative branches. 4. Bill of Rights - the first 10 amendments to the US constitution. States the rights and liberties of each US citizen. 5. Checks and Balances - a group of people that form a minority with in a larger group. 6. Constitution - a set of principles either written or unwritten that makes up the fundamental law of the state. 7. Declaration of Independence - a document written in 1776 declaring the colonists' intention to throw off British rule. ...read more.

Middle

Natural Rights - rights of all human beings that all are ordained by God, discoverable in nature and history and essential to human progress. 15. New Jersey Plan - a constitutional proposal that would have given each state one cote in a new congress 16. Ratification - the passing of an amendment by 2/3 vote of congress 17. Republic - a form of democracy in which leaders and representatives are selected by means of popular competitive elections 18. Separation of Powers - a constitutional principle separating the personnel of the legislative exevutive and judecial branches of government 19. Shay's Rebellion - An armed attempt by revolutionary war veterans to avoid losing their property by preventing the courts in western massachusetts from meeting 20. ...read more.

Conclusion

The constitution divided the government into three separate branches, under the articles the states had more power, federalism, more power was given to the central government under the constitution, and basic rights were given to the people under the Bill of Rights. 3. How were the following issues addressed in the Constitution: Representation, slavery, Voting, Interstate commerce and individual rights? The house is proportional to the population of the state, and in the senate there are two representatives for each state. Slavery is not specific, it is very vague, and does not state as legal or illegal, it is a "corrupt institution". Voters had to be white males who owned land. 4. Explain the difference between formal and informal amendments to the Constitution. Formal amendments are amendments that have to go through the amendment process, having being passed by congress. Informal amendments is legislation that is passed through the court system, setting precedent. ...read more.

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