• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Extent to which leadership effected the 2001 federal election outcome.

Extracts from this document...


Politics Essay - Extent to Which Leadership Effected the 2001 Federal Election Outcome The outcome of the 2001 federal election was determined by a number of important contributing factors, of which leadership was important. An essential feature of a liberal democracy, outlined in its most basic definition, is the process of elections. Elections exist to ensure the government reflects the wishes of the majority of its citizens, following the principle of utilitarianism, whereby the greatest happiness of the greatest number of people equals the greatest social good. However, when citizens consider the candidate they are to vote for, leadership plays an important role. Leadership is an important issue, amongst many others in determining the outcome of an election, and the extent to which it effected the 2001 federal election will be the basis of this essay. Early on in the year, a Labor victory seemed inevitable. The Liberal party was in a state of disarray, and public opinion held them in bad status. The general psyche was that it was a time for a new government. Kim Beazley, leader of the ALP (Australian Labor Party) ...read more.


After all, it was Mr. Howard's attitude towards the Tampa issue that had turned the tides in his favour, and Beazley only made this situation worse for himself: "When John Winston Howard sent in the Special Air Service to stop the Norweigian freighter MV Tampa from unloading its human cargo on Christmas Island, he was transformed publicaly from Prime Minister on the verge of political oblivion to loyal defender of Australia's sovereignty" When he realised his mistake, Beazley became very quiet about the issue and somewhat condoned it. This 'wavering' policy cost him dearly, as it reflected to the people a weak leader, and when compared with Howard's example, Beazley had all but lost his initial popularity. Mr. Beazley's support was further damaged after September 11, after which "the role of opposition leader's everywhere (was rendered) strangely irrelevant." On September 11 2001, terrorists flew two hijacked passenger liners into the twin World Trade Centre towers in America. This caused much outrage across the world, with George Bush promising revenge via a war on terror. It has been a trend seen through history that in times of crisis and conflict political leaders gain great popularity from the people, as it is a perfect opportunity to shine as a leader. ...read more.


The campaigning strategies used by the opposing parties also show how they directly used leadership as a tactic. On television, the Liberals had an advert questioning the public as to who would make the tough decisions, saying Mr. Howard had the experience and had proved himself in recent times. Labor, however, retaliated by saying that if voters brought in the Liberals, Peter Costello would take over as Prime Minister, a man unpopular with the public. In conclusion, leadership was a very important factor in determining the outcome of the election. However, the two events outside the control of either of the candidates, those of the Tampa crisis and September 11, were used as a vehicle by the Liberal party to show John Howard's capabilities as a leader. These events allowed Mr. Howard to shine; in times of crisis the party with the advantage of incumbency become very popular, and a change of Government is undesirable. Beazley was on a sure path to success, but Tampa and September 11 rendered a Labor victory all but impossible. It was clear from pre-election polls that after these events Labor's substantial popularity was completely reversed in favour of the coalition. Each party's campaigns also showed the value placed on leadership, this being the most substantial issue dealt with in television advertising. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Government & Politics Revision Notes

    small party the balance of power and puts it in the position of "king-maker." It can decide which larger party it joins to form a government majority. Thus it can be a small party, not the voters, that really decides who wins the election.

  2. Evaluate the above statement and consider the extent to which you think it is ...

    The professional losses attached to resignation from the Cabinet are such that Ministers are understandably reluctant to take such a step, and so more likely than not to disguise all but the most extreme objections to the Prime Minister's policies and decisions as far as the public eye, and even

  1. Using the example of a single selected political leader, explore the potential of the ...

    Unlike other female leaders such as Brundtland, Thatcher did not believe that quota systems were the answer to get more women in politics, instead she believed it would only affect the quality of women who reached the top level of politics "I don't want get to a position when we

  2. adult education

    Adult students are granted university-equivalent diplomas. Two to three year certificate programs and other short courses such as single courses, single subjects, technical training seminars, workshops and programs offered by party schools are also available at the this level. (Shibao, G. 1996) According to the recent figures, there are 962 independently established institutions of adult education with 200,390 faculty and staff members.

  1. Analysing John Howard's october travels - Rugby world cup opening ceremony.

    Dr Mahathir is, like other Asian leaders, worried that this meeting's economic agenda is being hijacked by President Bush and his push for a greater military role in the region. For that, the Americans make no apology. * THE USA AND CHINA VISIT AUSTRALIA The recent simultaneous visits of US President George W.

  2. The 2001 Election - Labour won the 2001 election for a second consecutive time ...

    Some papers have traditional links with a particular strain of political thought such as conservatism. The Daily Telegraph is widely regarded a Tory paper, as is the Daily Mail. The Express, which was probably most supportive of any daily of the Major administration, has since switched to a largely pro-Labour stance.

  1. To what extent did Thatcherism actually exist?

    Europe Towards the end of the 1980s Margaret Thatcher, and so Thatcherism, became increasingly vocal in its opposition to allowing the European Union to supersede British sovereignty. In her famous 1988 Bruges speech, Thatcher declared that "We have not successfully rolled back the frontiers of the state in Britain, only


    After the election the Conservatives issued a Royal Commission report considering the legal position of the unions. The report did not give unions immunity from legal action for damages but said that strike funds and benefit funds would be separate. Only benefit funds would be immune from action for damages.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work