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How successful was the Labour Government in implanting devolution in the UK after 1997?

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How successful was the Labour Government in implanting devolution in the UK after 1997? Devolution can be termed as the delegation of powers within a certain region such as the Scottish parliament and pre 1997 the conservative government had declined all attempts at devolution to keep a unified UK. But in 1997 general election run up Tony Blair's new labour promised devolution throughout the UK. This policy's success can be judged on it aims, had it dealt with the democratic deficit, has it reduced the call for independence, has it led to a more representative democracy and has it created a more efficient administration? Democratic deficit can be put simply as when the parliament of this country is not fulfilling its principles in its practices and pre 1997 the UK was accused of this and the Labour's devolution was supposed to deal with it. Pre 1997 the conservatives has dominated parliament with near to none seats in Scotland which effectively meant Scotland was dominated by English voters. The creation of a Scottish parliament has dealt with this as the democratic has been reduced with Scotland now having primary legalistive powers and the Scottish parliament having its ...read more.


It therefore can be claimed devolution by Labour has clearly helped to achieve a peace in Ireland with the Republic agreeing so. Another criteria for devolution to be judged on was had it led to a more representative system and therefore a fairer system. The Scottish, Welsh and N.I assemblies have certainly ensured a more fair system nationally with representative democracy as the regions pre 1997 could be ignored due to their minority status in elections. The Scots now have the right to pass laws on regional mattes and are currently campaigning for even more power. There is soon to be a referendum for the Welsh to see if they want financial independence as well and the Northern Irish have also the powers to make regional laws and can also claim to have a fairer system than Westminster as it has its own judicial review meaning a law has to be fair to be passed. The Alternate vote system which is seen to be the fairest system is also implemented in most of the assemblies creating a more representative democracy. ...read more.


The referendum which has been mentioned previously may show a possible weakness in the Labours policy with the Scottish parliament being more powerful than the Welsh and N.I assemblies and this is being dealt with. The second point was the creation of a commission to deal with the West Lothian question, a problem introduced in the 1970s and one still ignored by Labour who can be seen to have failed on that part. The Calman Commission among its recommendations makes the statement' that devolution has been a success, and is here to stay' showing how the new government are willing to take devolution further than labour. The aims of Labour's plans can be seen as the prevention of rise of separatism in Scotland, to address the democratic deficit, to create an effective administration and to continue rolling devolution. These aims all have their faults and Labour failed to introduce any English assemblies other than the GLA including a 74% resounding no to a NE assembly. Overall the Labour government did not implement the devolution far enough, did achieved all of its aims and the current government had to deal with these problems. ...read more.

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