• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways did the fascist Movement change between 1919 - 1922

Extracts from this document...


In what ways did the fascist Movement change between 1919 - 1922 In the beginning the fascist movement had a relatively small membership of around 100 members, who gained the name of, 'the first hair fascists'. The fascists were a movement as opposed to a political part as there was no structured ideology, which favoured left wing views. By 1922 however the movement had developed into a strong political party with approximately 500,000 members with right wing views. Mussolini was a strong powerful dictator whose political ideas changed dramatically between 1919-1922. At the start, Mussolini was a Socialist and his early ideas were based on the socialists' ideas of the time. These early ideas of Mussolini can be explained on where he was brought up and the views of his parents. He was born in July 1883 in Predappio, Romagna. This was a region of marked class conflict and strong anarchist and Republican political traditions. The people and neighbours around Mussolini had strong political views whereby it was believed that Italy should be a Republic country without a Monarch. These people mainly supported the socialists on the left wing. ...read more.


In the autumn of 1920 during the Bienno Rosso the socialists made big gains in the local elections. This alarmed Italy's property-owning classes, who feared that they would face higher taxes to pay for public works controlled by socialist unions. The people were turning in desperation to support another movement who could offer them support and good policies. Despite getting only one seat in the general election Mussolini realised that to meet his great ambitions in becoming Prime Minister they would have to become a right wing movement rather that a left wing movement as that's where the support was and that's where he would have success. This would indicate that Mussolini did not really hold strong political views but instead was an opportunist using politics for his own gain as opposed to using politics to amend the wrongs in society. From 1920 Mussolini began to drop more radical policies and presented a more reasonable movement: a movement and a party pledged to restore Italian power and prestige; to develop the economy by increasing productivity; to re-establish strong leadership and law and order by curbing left-wing subversives and the abandonment of republicanism, anti-clericalism, dropping the demand for votes for women and for taxes for war profits were later abandoned around 1922. ...read more.


He used the various opposition parties to meet his own gains mainly to get into parliament. In may 1921 having gained 35 seats and 7% of the vote on the strength of supporting a liberal government; he then announced that the fascists would not go ahead with their support. In a pact with the Socialists he made the fascist political party (PNF). He made a dual policy whereby he tried to appease both the Catholics (who were allowed into politics following a ruling by the Pope) and the Socialists. This helped him remove the fascist party away from being associated with violence, promoting both sides differing things in order to get support from both. In a bid to make the party making himself leader of the party he attempted to make the party more respectable in promising to discipline the Renegades and get encouraging the violence and perpetrators. In conclusion therefore, the fascist party developed between 1919 and 1920 from being a left wing movement to a right wing political party. This was because Mussolini realised that to enter parliament he would have to change his political ideas to appeal to people like the industrialists and those who felt threatened by the socialists during the Bienno Rosso. Rachael Daniels ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. In what ways is Fascism Totalitarian in Nature?

    Fascism, in its nature follows the Totalitarian principle, in which that one can govern "for" the people and in their best interest, by actively eliminating their say in the way they wish to be governed. For the imposition of "general will" to be successful, all opposition needs to be obliterated.

  2. The development of fascist doctrine.

    represented in the writings of a number of revolutionary syndicalists, among whom A. O. Olivetti and Sergio Panunzio were the most important. Almost immediately after his expulsion from the Socialist Party, Mussolini noted that the war had crystallized whole populations into national units in which intragroup class distinctions had been by-and-large obliterated.

  1. Socialist uses of workers' inquiry

    spreads under different formats: it is used as a device to analyse forms of exploitation in the factory and neighbourhoods, as well as a mechanism to track forms of insubordination by teams from journals such as Quaderni Rossi and Quaderni del territorio (Italy)

  2. Russia's Political Party System as an Obstacle to Democratization

    Purely self-centered motives are not the only explanation, however. Another reason is that many of these elites, particularly the better-known party leaders, can be characterized as technocrats. The abrupt demise of the Soviet system left the new Russian state with the daunting task of transforming both its political and economic systems.

  1. To what extent did the key political ideas directly Influence change and development in ...

    educated and responsible elite took the power away from the ?blue blood? and made democratic decisions over what was right for the country they lived in. Yet because they were not committed revolutionaries intent on causing havoc until their demands were met, they were making very few steps towards achieving

  2. To what extent was Fascist Italy the bastard child of Liberal Italy?

    These Historians also argue that it was not simply the failures of the Liberal state but was the political, social and economical conditions brought about by the War in which unrest develops and which allows strong figures such as Mussolini and Hitler to take control.

  1. Stages to Germany from 1918 to 1919

    The second stage in the process was that Germany became a republic. In October 1918 a new government based on the Reichstag was formed. This was 'a revolution from above'. The new republic government was led under Prince Max of Baden.

  2. Wilted Socialist Rose?: Changing fortunes of the French Socialist Party

    PS hoped to improve its electoral prospects with this alliance. However, in an alliance there is a danger of factionalism, which continues to affect the PS today. Their alliance with other leftist groups introduced the danger of radical groups that prevented reform (Machin & Wright 1977).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work