• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Israel and Iran

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

10/3/07 Evaluate the impact of the state religion on government and law in any two countries In this essay I will be evaluating the impact of the state religion on government and law in Israel and Iran. Israel provides an interesting study of the interplay of religion and politics because it is a state that was created as a homeland for a specific religious group, and, on the other hand, Iran has also been greatly affected by its state religion in the more political area. I shall evaluate first, the state religion's impact on government and law in Israel, and then move onto the state religion's impact on government and law in Iran, and then finally draw up a conclusion. Israel's government is obviously influenced by its religion because the state was created a group as a result of Zionism and its various movements. It has to a notable extent, affected the government. In 1948 the different Zionist groups reached a compromise as to the nature of the Israeli state. The existing political status quo would be maintained after Israeli independence through the implementation of a system of proportional representation in the Knesset (Israeli Parliament). ...read more.

Middle

Israel's Nationality Law defines the terms through which one can be granted citizenship of the state of Israel. Israel is, by its own definition, the state of the Jewish nation, and its leadership believes that one of its primary objectives is keeping a Jewish majority in Israel. Thus, Israeli nationality law is created with a bias in favour of those with Jewish heritage. Also in terms of ownership of land, before independence the Jews owned about 7% of the land in what was to become Israel. Today figures are very different, 75% is owned by the government, 20% is owned by the Jewish National fund and 5% is owned by Palestinian Arabs. The population figures for 2003 were 5 million Jews and 1.3 million Arabs. Thus the Arabs who made up 16% if the population only owned 5% of the land of Israel. These statistics mainly came about due to two things, "The Defence Regulations Act", which allowed the military to designate "closed areas" where Arabs were not allowed to own land, and "The Agricultural Settlement Law of 1967 which prevented anyone who was not Jewish from leasing land belonging to the government of Israel. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Supreme Leader is Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, controls the military intelligence and security operations; and has the only power to declare war. The heads of the judiciary, state radio and television networks, the commanders of the police and military forces and six of the twelve members of the Council of Guardians are appointed by the Supreme Leader. The religion of Iran also plays a significant role in law. In Iran the law must conform to the teachings of the Sharia; all laws much measure up to Islamic belief and law. These laws include, dress code, segregation of the sexes (also in education), and observation of the requirements for prayer. There was a reintroduction of polygamy after the Shah had banned it, in the event of divorce; children would go with the father, also women's rights that had been established by the Shah were now gone. Also, banking had to conform to Islamic criteria. Enforcement of the religious law was handled by special groups within the population. Punishments were very brutal for breaking these laws, or disobeying them. The punishments included stoning people to death, cutting off the hands of thieves and public flogging and executions. In conclusion, it is quite visible that the state religion does play a noteworthy role in the two countries examined and has a huge impact on the government and the law in these states. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. British Policy and the Creation of Israel

    These terrorist groups would blow up bridges, raid military camps and destroy rail roads - anything in an attempt to try and scare Britain out of Palestine. One such notable act of terrorism from the Irgun came on the 22nd of July, 1946, when the headquarters of British administration and

  2. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    This was concluded six months later with the signing of the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. The second was a framework agreement establishing a format for the conduct of negotiations for the establishment of an autonomy regime in the West Bank and the Gaza strip .

  1. Why was the State of Israel successfully established in 1948?

    The most well known of these atrocities was in April 1948, when the Arab village of Deir Yassin was captured and following a brief battle with its defenders, all its inhabitants were killed. This contributed to a massive increase in the Arab exodus from Palestine which was vitally important

  2. It is ironic how many wars have begun due to religion.

    The question to ask is why are they hated? It is a difficult question to answer and I won't be able to respond to it fully. Between 1882-1903 the first wave of Zionist refugees, 25,000 strong had entered and settled in Palestine.

  1. The Lebanon Civil War: Syria’s Role in Lebanon

    And humanity as the world's main task was failed. The both nations Palestinian and Lebanon were faced with the futility of waiting for any kind of support from the "human" world. In that time as it seemed that history has been decided the entire anger of the world spill over these unprotected and broken Lebanese and the Palestinian people.

  2. Armed Islamic Group [ Gia ]

    become tools of oppression, terror and a means of response to either side's fundamentally unjust course of action. IDEOLOGICAL ROOTS OF GIA The ideological roots of modern day Islamic fundamentalism are not of recent origin.The Salafiyya current of islamic reform and purification surfaced Maghrib in the period between two world wars .

  1. Israel's Security Barrier

    occupation and the construction of more settlements.6 The barrier will therefore be built on occupied Palestinian territory in any of the cases. This is condemned by most Palestinians, and when considering the laws that are to be applied to occupied territories, the construction of the barrier is essentially illegal.

  2. Nuclear proliferation in Iran

    The Security Model is based on the neo-realist school of thought. The neo-realists believe that the international system is anarchic, therefore states must protect themselves. Sagan points out that, ?because of the enormous destructive power of nuclear weapons, any state that seeks to maintain its national security must balance against any rival state that develops nuclear weapons?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work