• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Question How did power in the UK's social democratic state shift in the 1950s? What do you understand by the statement 'I'm alright Jack'?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question How did power in the UK's social democratic state shift in the 1950s? What do you understand by the statement 'I'm alright Jack'? With the beginning of life it was obvious that mankind was initiating on remarkable journeys towards freedom and independence. Such journeys were translated through revolutions, parties, theories and sometime wars, in which individuals recruited to achieve their goals. The socialist world evident a rapid expansion and changes that has cultivated through years. Although the word today is not presented in consequence of any of these , but the world still remember those old days and their affects on the world today's in addition to applying some of their theories , believers or ways . Full employment and social democracy for instance are two of the ways sociologist always tried to achieve to reduce unemployment, provide secure income, and create an equal society in order to order the lines of individuals. Social democracy is an economic policy in which all individuals in the society are equal regardless their state, power, color, religion ... etc. This democracy was a provision taken to secure the development alteration and variation occurring in the society thought democratic means by reducing poverty and unemployment. ...read more.

Middle

As a result ideas about economy and its responsibilities, work and welfare have predisposed representing the Keynesian model of economy as "a big machine" -1 to proliferate the national economy. Believing that the uncertainty and volatility of the capitalist system in the 1930s were behind the increase of unemployment rates, Keynes considered the importance of demand. H e believed that it was necessary to take in consideration goods' and services' demand. This demand is believed to be the responsibility of either the consumers or the supplier or the government responsibility. What really mattered for employment was the demand (aggregate Demand). Keynesian social democracy was challenged from two directions the increase of diversity in the society and the need for greater competitiveness in industry. Regardless Keynesians hard efforts and ideas about the national economy, many cases were left unrelieved and unchanged. According to Marxist theory, Keynesian increased mass production and unemployment. But can we ignore what Keynesian added to national economy?! ?! The cost for maintaining secure levels of the national economy was high, specially when price and inflation started to change and the economic growth began to slow regardless the high mass production .The idea of democracy is based on the principles of freedom and ...read more.

Conclusion

Democracy was taken in the golden age as a political ideology to organize the lives of individuals affecting their families and their work as well. The Social democratic transformation gave new power to the society in terms of rights, security and freedom. In reaction to this social democracy many situations in the Golden age and in the world today have been influenced with the results of their implementation and their survival. Glossary *1 *2 Social Democracy: is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th century and early 20th century from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. Democracy: right and the capacity of a people, to control their institutions for their own purposes. To designate a government where the people share in directing the activities of the state. Capitalism: economic system based on private ownership of free enterprise, in which personal profit can be acquired through investment of capital and employment of labour. Demand Management: Policies seek to influence the level of aggregate Demand. Aggregate Demand: Is the total demand for goods and services in the economy during a specific time period. Political Ideology: A cluster of ideas that both describe societies, propose moral and practical alternatives which are aligned with political movement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "Explain And Discuss How The "Ideologies Of Welfare" Explored In This Module Can Be ...

    3 star(s)

    government saw that their focus should be upon economic problems (Leys, 1989, Pp 101 - 125). Mrs. Thatcher's approach, therefore, in a generalized way, saw less focus upon welfare social policies and more emphases upon economic social polices. In this view, government should interfere as little as possible within the

  2. Compare and contrast the pluralist, elitist and Marxist theories of the state.

    the demands of a Bourgeoisie class, and as a result Marxism is all for the eventual abolishment of the state. For Marxists power does not begin and end with the power to make decisions, it is far more complicated. Marxists see power being used in three-dimensions, with the last a Lukesian theory.

  1. Accounts for the changes in voting behaviour in the last 30 years in UK ...

    10% had switched alliance giving a clear indication that any loyalties or partisanship that was perceived to be in existence had all but dissolved. Despite the concentration on sociological factors by Psephologists, political factors remain of the greatest significance. Several aspects need to be examined.

  2. An analysis of the Marxist perspective on religion

    In 1917 Lenin led a small party of professional revolutionaries, the Bolsheviks, to take power after the Tsar was overthrown. To achieve the transition from Capitalism to socialism and finally communism, Lenin used Marx's theory of "Dictatorship of the Proletariat".

  1. Indonesia: Transition and Prospects for Democracy

    Transplacement: Actors and Narrative For practical purposes, I will start by identifying the actors in the transition process, borrowing Huntington's (1991b) terms for them. Then, on the government side, I will examine how standpatters were weakened, and how the emergence of liberal reformers in government pushed the government towards a compromise on democracy.

  2. Free essay

    personal statement

    I am particularly intrigued by international relations, how different governments sometimes attempt to collaborate effectively in order to restore peace or identify solutions in times of crisis, at times this is not successful, for example: the situation in Iraq.

  1. Discuss the conflicts between Employee and Employer by Marxist

    So, in Management studies, they discuss conflict more in Human Resource way, it is all about motivations and relationship between people. Moreover, in Management, conflict between employer and employee is usually caused by Discrimination, which is also from Human Resource perspectives.

  2. Can Marxism and Social Democracy ever be reconciled?

    by a set of rules that run on a basis of authority and those who not abide by them, loose their authority. E.g. Machiavelli argued that in politics, the end justifies the means, but has been attacked as immoral by socialists and modern liberals, both of who place ethics at the heart of their ideologies.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work