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To what extent does Parliament control executive power?

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´╗┐To what extent does parliament control executive power? There are arguments for and against the idea that parliament?s controls executive power. Some of the main arguments for this idea are parliament has the power to veto legislation and the House of Lords can delay legislation. A couple of the main arguments against parliament controlling executive power are that government normally has a majority and mps are unlikely to go against their party. Due to the UK electoral system being first past the post the government formed normally has an overall majority. The only case where this hasn?t been the case in recent elections was for the May 2010 elections. By the government having an overall majority it means that they are likely to be able to pass any legislation they want to as they are likely to get a majority voting in favour of the legislation due to mp?s voting with their party. ...read more.


This means that it lacks democratic legitimacy which makes it particularly easy for the government to put down any suggestions made by the House of Lords due to the government being able to claim that they were elected as the public wanted to them to implement these pieces of legislation. Another problem the House of Lords faces is that it isn?t allowed to have input on financial legislation. This means that if the government can link any legislation to being related to finance and the House of Lords have no power to stop the piece of legislation from being passed. However the House of Lords do have some powers. One of these powers is that they can delay legislation for up to a year. This comes under the Parliament Act of 1949. Being able to delay proposed legislation can have a number of benefits. These include the fact that it forces the government to rethink the proposal and it allows more time for amendments to be thought up. ...read more.


This means that the government of the day are unlikely to not be able to pass a piece of legislation that was laid out in their manifesto. Whips are also present to try and reduce the chances even more of mps voting against their party. Whips can have an impact on mps due to their ability to influence the careers of the mps. However, ultimately parliament has the power to dismiss government. This means that if parliament is not happy with the government of the day a vote of no confidence can dismiss the current government and allow an election to take place. Overall I feel that although parliament does have some control over executive power to some extent as between both the House of Commons and the House of Lords they can veto legislating, delay/amend legislation and can dismiss government. However none of these actions take place very often. Parliament is better seen as a body who scrutinises the legislation rather than a body who creates it. Parliament has limited actions over the executive. ...read more.

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