• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was the end of Fleet Street the result of newspaper industry industrial relations?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was the end of Fleet Street the result of newspaper industry industrial relations? Fleet Street in London had been the dominant centre of the British newspaper industry since its origins in the fifteenth century. But towards the end of the twentieth century, Fleet Street gradually ceased to be the centre of British journalism. This was partly due to newspaper industry industrial relations, although this was not the only factor. There were also a range of economic, political and technological factors, which all contributed to Fleet Street's decline. Over the years, Fleet Street acquired a reputation for poor labour relations. As Cleverly argues, Fleet Street was the scene of the "most bizarre relationship between management and unions."1 There was a history of industrial disputes over everything from wage levels to the editorial views of the newspapers. Newspaper industry industrial relations played a large part in the decline of Fleet Street as the dominant British newspaper production centre. This was many reasons; the bizarre industrial relationship led newspaper owners to seek for a way to distance themselves from the unions and the problems they caused. The National Graphic Association (NGA) and Society of Graphical and Allied Trades (SOGAT) ...read more.

Middle

This new technology also meant that profits could be boosted as newspapers could be distributed to new areas, which were not practical to distribute to from their London printing centres; so more newspapers could be sold as the paper's circulation increased. Thus, technological advances contributed to the end of Fleet Street as the dominant newspaper centre as it weakened the need for Fleet Street to exist as a printing centre, and had economic advantages if printing centres were built around the country. Political factors also played a part in the end of Fleet Street as the dominant news centre. This is because the election of 1979 brought into power the Conservative Party, headed by Margaret Thatcher, who supported management over unions and, thus, provided the political context for newspaper owners to reform the newspaper industry and end the power of the printing unions. The Conservative government, through its introduction of the Employment Acts of 1980 and 1982, which restricted the power of unions, and its actions in industrial disputes in the early 1980s, highlighted that if the newspaper industry was reformed, to reduce the power of printing unions, the government would do little to support the unions. ...read more.

Conclusion

prove a worthwhile investment as the hold the printing unions had on the industry would be broken and, thus, labour costs would be reduced. Recognising these benefits, most national newspaper publishers also sold their historic sites in the centre of London, and moved to cheaper properties. For example, just a week after Murdoch's success, the Guardian announced that it would adopt new technology and move its production from Fleet Street to London's Docklands. In conclusion, 1989 marked the end of Fleet Street as the dominant newspaper production centre as this was when the last newspaper rolled off the printing press in Fleet Street. To a large extent this was caused by newspaper industry industrial relations between printing unions and the newspaper management. Although, it was not the only factor. The break from Fleet Street, in part to break the power of the printing unions and the economic problems they caused, would not have been possible without technological developments, a change in the political environment, the other economic benefits breaking from Fleet Street would create, and Murdoch proving that a move away from Fleet Street would be successful. But it was the economic pressures the printing unions put in newspaper owners that were the dominant factors persuading owners to move away from Fleet Street. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Trade Unions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Trade Unions essays

  1. Explain fully and clearly the importance of negotiation within industrial relations to resolve disputes

    This is an important objective for the teachers. If new teachers enter this profession then specific teachers that are trained and qualified as opposed to teachers that teach subjects that they are not trained in. > To enable teachers in London the opportunity to afford property. This is needed, as teachers cannot afford to stay in London, so

  2. What is the influence of women social workers in the United States labor movement?

    How, over the years, and under the leadership of eight different directors, have women prospered as members of the staff? What has been the role of the staff union with respect to women? What role have women played within the staff union?

  1. To what extent has British employment relations changed since 1980?

    or contemplating legal action against their union for breach of the law concerning union elections, industrial action, political fund ballots and union accounts". (Gospel and Palmer 1994) The 1990 Act saw "the abolition of pre-entry closed shops", "further restrictions on secondary industrial action", "severe restrictions on industrial action" and "the extension of the role of CROTUM".

  2. Employee Relations - Fire Brigade Strikes of 2002.

    There are alternative measures that the government and the firemen could have used to deal with a stalemate situation, without resorting to strike action. At local level the firemen could have adopted a ban on overtime thereby causing maximum inconvenience to their superiors.

  1. Identify and explain the major issues relative to the unionization process and what organizations ...

    a lot of power and money and want people to be influenced to their way of thinking. Sharon Fisher's voice quivers when she talks about it. Ed Platt gets angry still. Ron Heller was shocked when the police looked the other way.

  2. Labourers’ Treatment at the Turn of the Twentieth Century.

    strikes of that time period were for, employers would fire those employees or even hire special police to punish the workers. In one instance, during a 1913-1914 Vancouver Island coal strike, the employer hired special police and militia and requested any striking employee to be brought to a concentration camp.

  1. Conflict at work: Industrial Disputes

    This way, the Police Federation is content and furthermore doesn't require any more financial input on the Home Secretary's part. This dispute sees no side of the battle on the winning team. The Home Office are livid at the fact that the Police Federation have slapped them in the face

  2. How did US Labour Movement change in the period 1945-60?

    Larger percentages of people escaped hard physical labour, earned higher wages and enjoyed more comfortable lives. Unions began to lose their potential to promote socio-economic mobility. It did not necessarily help the prospects of low paid workers that many of the most powerful labour leaders of the early and mid 1950s became increasingly cautious and conservative.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work