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Behavioural Management Strategies

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Introduction

Behavioural Management Strategies In this assignment I will discuss four different strategies which may be used to manage the behaviour of children, including strategies such as parent and child contracts, child empowerment, assertive discipline, inclusion games, reward charts and incentives. P5. The types of negative behaviour in observed in the setting varies according to age and developmental stages, common behaviours include temper tantrums at around 2 years of age known as the 'terrible 2s' phase. Even at a young age children are able to display destructive and aggressive behaviour which can lead to self injury in some circumstances more severely the injury of others which may be seen as bullying. Children may also show disruptive or distressed behaviour in settings from as young as 3 months old. Many of these behaviours can be observed through out childhood and are generally known as challenging or anti-social behaviour. Some children may display challenging or anti-social behaviour as a result of physical disabilities or learning difficulties if they are finding tasks difficult they may seek attention through negative behaviour from staff in the setting as well as gaining approval from their peers. Children who are academically gifted or talented may become bored if they are not being challenged through work and play therefore may perform to gain the attention of staff in the setting. ...read more.

Middle

As the children discussed their account of the incident the teacher paraphrased to ensure that the teacher understood and clarified the events with the child. With a small amount of guidance and a few ideas from the adult the children came to a mutual agreement of what caused the incident to escalate and what they could in the future stop this incident from recurring. This strategy worked in the short term to stop the incident from repeating as the preventatives were remembered but long term they were forgotten and therefore the incident occurred again. P5, M3, D2. Inclusion games are another strategy to manage behaviour this is done to help the children to build their self-worth and become more confident around their fellow class mates, gaining respect for the right reasons opposed to gaining respect through being disruptive or pupils being scared of their behaviour. Giving a child who has behavioural problems when sat for a long length of time allocating an important role to them such as taking dinner money to the school office or handing out worksheets gives the child the chance to empower their self whilst deterring the undesired behaviour and feel worthy/included socially in the group. I have seen this in placement during circle time with a PSE focus and feel that potentially the games are effective although many children who have low self esteem ...read more.

Conclusion

This allows the child to visually see and connect the positive behaviour they have displayed with a positive outcome. This also helps parents or the setting to keep track on the child's behaviour if for example the child has a reward chart they must behave positively to move their character progressively up to wards the reward. When I have seen the use of individual sticker charts in placement I have seen that in many cases it encourages positive behaviour to gain the stickers required to earn a gift reward, if a child displays negative behaviour the child makes no progress towards receiving the incentive. This strategy only works if the big reward is something which is of interest or desire to the child otherwise the child will show no interest in competing to achieve or earn the stickers needed for the reward. This strategy allows the child to see how well they have behaved as to the number of stickers they have, how many they need before they can receive the reward and therefore encourages them to continue progressing and gaining stickers. This can bring about the competitive nature in children and cause fall outs if the children think they should be awarded a sticker because their friend got one and they worked equally as hard. ...read more.

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