How can Piaget's and Vygotsky's theories be applied to the classroom?

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Introduction

HOW CAN PIAGET'S AND VYGOTSKY'S THEORIES BE APPLIED TO THE CLASSROOM? ALTAF KORIMBOCUS Both Piaget's and Vygotsky's theory about the way children learn can be a very useful aid to parents and teachers. Both studies help parents and teachers understand how children learn best and therefore help them to help the children be more successful in their learning. Piaget's theory can be applied to when and how a child should be taught. Piaget's theory is very student centred and the role of the teacher is as the facilitator, this basically means that the teacher should not 'spoon feed' the pupil the information but help them by assessing the level they are at and then setting suitable

Middle

Readiness is also another key aspect to Piaget's theory; Piaget believed that children develop in stages and should be taught according to what stage they are at for example children in the concrete stage need to be given concrete examples to carry out tasks for example when a child is doing an abstract task such as addition or subtraction with money they may need to use plastic coins or blocks to help them do the task. In doing this there needs to be a balance between accommodation and assimilation. Vygotsky's theory can also be applied equally as Piagets theory can.

Conclusion

An example of this could be a teacher showing a pupil how to draw a portrait of somebody and give them demonstrations and examples and then the child will then have to go and do one for themselves, whilst this is being done the teacher can be helping individuals to improve their drawings. Unlike Piaget, Vygotsky's the theory was student centred, the believed that children can learn off one another and act as scaffolds too, and from his theory we can assume that children should work better with social interaction, a classroom example of this is doing posters in groups to revise and reiterate work that has already been done.

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