Memory is studied within the Branch of psychology known as Cognitive psychology. Cognitive Psychology is a research field that strongly focuses on mental processes and the storage and the retrieval of information within the human brain.
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Memory Assignment. Introduction: Memory is studied within the Branch of psychology known as Cognitive psychology. Cognitive Psychology is a research field that strongly focuses on mental processes and the storage and the retrieval of information within the human brain. The Multi-store Model. Atkinson and Shiffrin in the year 1971 produced the concept of the multi store model. Attkinson and Shiffrins model was very simple, but it showed very clearly how the major memory stores worked. The sensory memory was basically a way of data entering into our brain, if the sensory memory did not pick anything up we simply cannot recall it, but if information is picked up (i.e. the name of someone or the colour of something) this information is then passed on to the short term memory. Before this information is forwarded to the STM it has to be processed, or encoded. Processing can happen in many ways; some of these encoding methods are more favourable to our memory stores than others by either the use of sound or sight (Acoustically or visually) or by the use of semantics (the meaning of a word). The way the encoding works in the STM is by either the brain remembering the sound of the word or that it rhymes with another word from the LTM (Long Term Memory), or how the item looked like (visually).
The experiment was carried out inside the psychology classroom; this is a place where we are usually taught our psychology lessons. Subjects/Participants: All of the subjects were A/s students from the Joseph Chamberlain College; they were all definitely studying psychology along with other subjects. Although it is a rather large assumption to make, all of the students have similar IQ levels, as they all have managed to get good grades to enter the College. (We will not take into consideration the fact that some of them may have just managed to get enough grades, and some passed their exams brilliantly) Apparatus/Materials: * Stimulus Material list (15 words) * Clock/Stopwatch * Over Head Projector (OHP) * Room * Pen * Paper * OHT Procedure: The experiment was carried out in the following manner: The OHP was used to project a list of 15 words on the board (the list consisted of names of fruits and animals), a clock was used to measure the time to accurately 15 seconds and then the OHP was turned off. The students than had to recall in total silence (so as to reduce the risk of students sharing or coping answers)
Miller 1956 mentioned that the recall of people was usually seven plus two or seven minus two. This theory however does not fit into my results as the mean, mode, and the median proved that the recall was much more higher for both of the groups. This could be favourable towards the fact that we have used words which the participants are very familiar with since they have learnt the names of these animals and the names of these fruits and vegetables since they were very young, which means that they are words which are from the long term memory; these words have been revised and repeated for many years. Baddley in the year 1975 conducted a experiment, later redone by Naveh-Benjamin and Ayres in the year 1986 concluded that the English language was easier to memorise, rather than the Arabic language. The fact that the words are from the English language, also works against our result as they are easier to remember; though our experiment clearly agrees with this experiment. Murdock in the year 1962 carried out his Free recall Experiments, which were very similar to our experiments, expect that he used non sense trigrams, which had no effect from the Long term memory. Husman Ahmed Memory Assignment Page 1 of 9
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