• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and Evaluate Psychological Stress Management Methods.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Psychological Stress Management Stress Inoculation Training 1. Meichenbaum?s cognitive therapy, called stress-inoculation training, was developed especially to deal with stress. 2. Meichenbaum proposed three main stages to this process: 1. Assessment ? The therapist and client establish a relationship, and the client is educated about the nature and impact of stress. For example, the client is taught to view perceived threats as problems to be solved and to break down stressors into components that can be dealt with. This enables the client to reconceptualise the problem. 2. Stress Reduction Techniques ? Coping skills are taught and practiced primarily in the clinic and then gradually rehearsed in real life. A variety of skills are taught and are tailored to the individuals? own problems. These include positive thinking, relaxation, social skills and time management. The skills taught are both cognitive and behavioural because they encourage the client to think in a different way, and because they involved learning new behaviours through rewards (conditioning). ...read more.

Middle

3. Self-improvement ? The insights gained can now be used to move forwards and learn new techniques. In particular the client is taught to focus on seeing stressors as challenges and thus learn to take control. Control, commitment and challenge are the basis of hardiness training. SIT Strengths and Weaknesses STRENGTHS: 1. Meichenbaum claims that stress inoculation has been shown to be successful with acute and chronic stressors. 2. Examples of acute stressors that have been treated with SIT include preparing for public speaking. 3. Examples of chronic stressors that have been treated with SIT include medical illness, occupational stress, and stressful events. 4. This method of stress management offers skills to cope with current problems, and also skills and confidence to cope with future problems. 5. The focus on skills acquisition provides long-lasting effectiveness. 6. Skills are taught, practiced and followed through. They are also dealt with on a cognitive and behavioural level, and tailored to the needs of the individual. ...read more.

Conclusion

4. This makes it a much more adaptable and effective therapy than using drugs. 5. Skills acquisition leads to longer-term effectiveness WEAKNESSES: 1. The research conducted by Kobasa and Maddi largely concerns white middle-class businessmen and women. It may not be reasonable to generalise these findings to other sections of the population. 2. Control and challenge may be successful coping strategies for this target group, but not for all adults. For some individuals, high control is stress inducing. 3. It is possible that hardiness is no more than being in control, and commitment and challenge matter less. 4. Funk argues that low hardiness is the same as being negative, and it is negativity rather than lack of hardiness that leads to the ill effects of stress. Similarities and Differences 1. Both treat the problem rather than the symptoms. 2. Both are concerned with skills acquisition, to provide lasting and varied strategies to cope with stress. 3. Both teach clients to view stress as a problem-to-be-solved. 4. Both require length training and highly motivated clients. 5. The success of SIT may be mainly due to positive thinking whereas the success of hardiness training may be due to increased control. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and evaluate two methods of stress management

    3 star(s)

    Some also argue that the benefits of biofeedback can be achieved from other relaxation techniques and so it is an unnecessary expense. Another method of stress includes the psychological technique of stress inoculation training (Meichenbaum). The training was introduced as a type of immunisation against the effects of stress.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Managing stress through Exercise and Therapy

    3 star(s)

    a company then they are bound to achieve great reward such as; * A motivated and loyal workforce - Motivated employees help companies succeed, as these types of employees promote a positive atmosphere and a positive attitude in the workplace.

  1. To What Extent can psychological research provide useful forms of stress management techniques?

    At first, rewards were given for random instances, but gradually, longer and larger change was required [shaping]. They found that in the "fast" group rats increased their heart rates from 422 bpm to 510 bpm, whereas the "slow" group decreased their heart rate from 400 bpm to 316 bpm.

  2. Nursing care as applied to a client with a mental health problem

    (Ewles and Simnett 1992 page 19). In the clients case by making his own decisions in a self empowered manner he could then perceive that he was in control of their anxiety not that the anxiety controlled him. Another example of the client improving his decision-making was when the taxi exposure began.

  1. Identify and discuss strategies for coping with Stress

    body's produce coincides with our negative emotions and so prepares us for dangerous situations. This is known as the 'fight or flight response' (Cannon), normally after a dangerous situation has occurred and our body has either 'fought' a or 'fled', our bodily state is able to return to normal.

  2. M.E (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome)

    to see if that makes a difference. If you plan to cut something out of your diet long-term, seek the advice of your GP or specialist and/ or a dietician. It is important that people with M.E. have a balanced diet and an adequate intake of fluids - about two litres a day.

  1. Unit 1 psychology revsion notes (memory, attachment, research methods)

    (demand characteristics * Can infer cause and effect * Less control over EV?s * Less control over participant sample * Hard to replicate * Time consuming to set up and carry out * Consent, deception and right to withdraw are important as they may not think they are in an

  2. There are many relaxation techniques for stress but in this essay it will look ...

    a disease, to build their immune system and defences, so that when they catch the disease at full strength the body is prepared. This is where the name Stress Inoculation came from, as it is a similar technique to prepare a person for stress.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work