• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and Evaluate Psychological Stress Management Methods.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Psychological Stress Management Stress Inoculation Training 1. Meichenbaum?s cognitive therapy, called stress-inoculation training, was developed especially to deal with stress. 2. Meichenbaum proposed three main stages to this process: 1. Assessment ? The therapist and client establish a relationship, and the client is educated about the nature and impact of stress. For example, the client is taught to view perceived threats as problems to be solved and to break down stressors into components that can be dealt with. This enables the client to reconceptualise the problem. 2. Stress Reduction Techniques ? Coping skills are taught and practiced primarily in the clinic and then gradually rehearsed in real life. A variety of skills are taught and are tailored to the individuals? own problems. These include positive thinking, relaxation, social skills and time management. The skills taught are both cognitive and behavioural because they encourage the client to think in a different way, and because they involved learning new behaviours through rewards (conditioning). ...read more.

Middle

3. Self-improvement ? The insights gained can now be used to move forwards and learn new techniques. In particular the client is taught to focus on seeing stressors as challenges and thus learn to take control. Control, commitment and challenge are the basis of hardiness training. SIT Strengths and Weaknesses STRENGTHS: 1. Meichenbaum claims that stress inoculation has been shown to be successful with acute and chronic stressors. 2. Examples of acute stressors that have been treated with SIT include preparing for public speaking. 3. Examples of chronic stressors that have been treated with SIT include medical illness, occupational stress, and stressful events. 4. This method of stress management offers skills to cope with current problems, and also skills and confidence to cope with future problems. 5. The focus on skills acquisition provides long-lasting effectiveness. 6. Skills are taught, practiced and followed through. They are also dealt with on a cognitive and behavioural level, and tailored to the needs of the individual. ...read more.

Conclusion

4. This makes it a much more adaptable and effective therapy than using drugs. 5. Skills acquisition leads to longer-term effectiveness WEAKNESSES: 1. The research conducted by Kobasa and Maddi largely concerns white middle-class businessmen and women. It may not be reasonable to generalise these findings to other sections of the population. 2. Control and challenge may be successful coping strategies for this target group, but not for all adults. For some individuals, high control is stress inducing. 3. It is possible that hardiness is no more than being in control, and commitment and challenge matter less. 4. Funk argues that low hardiness is the same as being negative, and it is negativity rather than lack of hardiness that leads to the ill effects of stress. Similarities and Differences 1. Both treat the problem rather than the symptoms. 2. Both are concerned with skills acquisition, to provide lasting and varied strategies to cope with stress. 3. Both teach clients to view stress as a problem-to-be-solved. 4. Both require length training and highly motivated clients. 5. The success of SIT may be mainly due to positive thinking whereas the success of hardiness training may be due to increased control. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Managing stress through Exercise and Therapy

    3 star(s)

    * Increased productivity * Reduced turnover * Improved staff relations - Building a strong staff relations program means that you create an environment which delivers what people want today. They want to feel good about who they are, what they do and where they work and producing that will make the happier and allow the company to achieve.

  2. Identify and discuss strategies for coping with Stress

    The step provides to person to reach a more realistic understanding of the demands being made upon them. The second step is known as skills and acquisition and rehearsal, this is where the person receives training in general coping strategies for stress such as relaxation and a realistic appraisal of demands.

  1. Nursing care as applied to a client with a mental health problem

    With anxious clients communication is vital this is because during an anxiety or panic attack the clients' perceptual field and personality are disturbed to such an extent that the client cannot solve problems of function effectively or discuss how they are feeling.

  2. To what extent have psychological approaches shown to be effective methods of stress management?

    He though people should change the way the individual thinks about their problem, (change the experience of stress) rather than changing the problem itself. He developed stress inoculation therapy. There are three main phases. Assessment, this is when the therapist discusses the nature of the problem with the individual, and solicits the individual's perception of how to eliminate it.

  1. To What Extent can psychological research provide useful forms of stress management techniques?

    At first, rewards were given for random instances, but gradually, longer and larger change was required [shaping]. They found that in the "fast" group rats increased their heart rates from 422 bpm to 510 bpm, whereas the "slow" group decreased their heart rate from 400 bpm to 316 bpm.

  2. Stress in the Workplace : Why Is it Important to Deal with It?

    Emotional stress ie mood swings, sensitivity to criticism; psychological stress - negative attitudes, feelings of worthlessness and behavioural indicators of stress - isolation - denial - avoiding responsibilities - avoiding being close to others - lack of libido. 8 Take care of yourself Exercise daily - walk the dog -

  1. Unit 1 psychology revsion notes (memory, attachment, research methods)

    counterbalancing Independent measures * Randomly allocated to either conditions * No order effects * Reduce demand characteristics * Use same stimulus * Least effective for controlling participant variables * More participants needed Matched pairs * Matched with somebody with similar characteristics, one in either conditions * No order effects *

  2. There are many relaxation techniques for stress but in this essay it will look ...

    There may also be a delay in deciding who is entitled for the monitors and patients more in need may be neglected. Stress Inoculation Training (SIT) is a cognitive-behavioural approach for stress management. The word Inoculation is known in medical terms as when patients are given a weak dose of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work