• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory. (12 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

17th September 2013 Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory. (12 marks) The multi-store model of memory consists of three different stores: sensory store, short-term memory and long-term memory. This model was created by Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968) and describes the process of memory in terms of information being passed through a system. Information from the environment is detected by sense organs and enters the sensory store. If this information is acknowledged or paid attention to, it enters the short-term memory. ...read more.

Middle

A particular strength of this model is that it is supported by evidence, and as this is based on real people, it is more valid and therefore can be applied to everyday life. For instance, the case of H.M.: he underwent brain surgery in which his hippocampus was removed to cure severe epilepsy but this led to the incapability to transfer information from short-term memory to long-term memory so he was not able to create long-term memories. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, this model suggests that short-term memory and long-term memory are unitary stores and this is proved incorrect by the case of KF. Brain damage led to difficulty dealing with verbal information in short-term memory but a normal ability to process visual information. This shows that the short-term memory store contains multiple stores. Another weakness of this model is that it possesses too much simplicity for such a complex process as it explains very little about the short-term memory and long-term memory. It does not take into account that, for instance, there are different types of long-term memory e.g. semantic, procedural and episodic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and evaluate the Multi-store Model of memory.

    3 star(s)

    It also places emphasis on the amount of information that can be processed rather than its nature. Some things are simply easier to remember others, perhaps because they are more interesting, more distinctive, funnier etc. The multi-store cannot account for this.

  2. SHORT TERM MEMORY

    (See appendix 3) Before the investigation occurs, the participants were told "you have 100% right to withdraw from this investigation at anytime if required". Group 1 were the first to be tested. On entry, they were told to "please sit at separate desks".

  1. Investigating the short-term memory

    Finally it can also explain how people remember information and the code used in the process. As the study is being based on the Baddeley study, the two groups will be given a list of 10 words in which they will be given a minute to look at them.

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model

    Deep processing involves understanding the stimulus and encoding the information semantically. In the Multi Store Model of memory the idea of rehearsal was used to explain the movement of information from the short-term memory to the long-term memory; in Levels of Processing 'rehearsal' is explained in greater details as it is divided into two possible options.

  1. Categorisation in Long-Term Memory

    Hypothesis My study will show the differences in the accuracy of recall between words which are categorised and words which are listed randomly. Words which are in some kind of order will improve the semantic coding and therefore more of the words will be recalled then with a random list of words.

  2. How Valid is the Modal Model of Memory?

    Gross, 1992), who used a similar methodology which has now become known as the Brown-Peterson technique. They both investigated the capacity of the short term memory (STM) using a technique which involved presenting subjects with trigrams, which are three letter nonsense syllables, for a short time and testing recall after a specific retention interval.

  1. Explain and evaluate the three models of memory.

    by the speed of which information is voiced or transferred to the loop, however the phonological loop does have a few downfalls, it is wholly based on sound and any interruptions, mainly acoustic will result in ineffective transfer of information.

  2. Alternatives to the multi store model of memory.

    It involves recognising information in terms of its physical appearance for e.g. the shape of an object. This will lead to worse recall than other levels as it has been superficially processed. Deep processing: the deepest level of processing involves analysing information in terms of its meaning, this is semantic processing and will lead to better recall.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work