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Outline one model of relationship breakdown. Evaluate this and one other approach/theory Stephanie Rollie and Steve Duck developed a model of the breakdown of relationships.

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Introduction

Outline one model of relationship breakdown. Evaluate this and one other approach/theory Stephanie Rollie and Steve Duck developed a model of the breakdown of relationships. Unlike the previous four phase model by Duck, this model focuses on the processes of relationship breakdown rather than the phases people pass through. The six processes of this model are, breakdown, intra-psychic, dyadic, social, grave dressing and resurrection. The breakdown is when one partner becomes increasingly dissatisfied. The intra-psychic processes involve social withdrawal and a focus on a partner's faults and a sense of being under benefitted. It is suggested by research that when people are depressed they have a tendency to withdraw from social interaction with others (Segrin). The result of this may cause them to re-evaluate the relationship and consider possible alternatives. The dyadic process occurs when partners begin talking about the problems that at least one of them in unhappy with. These dyadic processes may bring up reasons for staying in the relationship (e.g. for the good of the children) ...read more.

Middle

This type of growth (resurrection) allows people to grow beyond their previous level of psychological functioning as a direct result of a highly stressful life event (i.e. relationship breakdown). However, there are gender differences in the degree to which people report personal growth as a result of break-up, women report personal growth as a post-relationship growth than men. The reason is not yet clear. It is possible that the reason is due to greater social support available to women, although research shows that increased social support is not associated with growth, nor do women report more social support than men. good Akert found that the role played in deciding to end a relationship was the single most powerful predictor of the impact the dissolution experience. He discovered that partners who didn't initiate the break-up tended to be the most miserable. They reported high levels of loneliness, depression, unhappiness and anger in the weeks after the end of the relationship. Those who did initiate the break-up found the end the least upsetting, painful and stressful. ...read more.

Conclusion

Research support shows that although relationship breakdown has only been explained in adaptive terms, there is research evidence to support these claims. The study by Perilloux and Buss provides clear support for the adaptive nature of coping behaviours when faced with, or following relationship breakdown. However, this study comes with its limitations. The study was limited to a test of evolutionary theory as the age range was narrow. Also, social desirability bias have been a problem as participants could answer questions in a favourable light. Evolutionary psychologists argue that much of human behaviour is a product of psychological adaptations that evolved to solve problems that were faced by our ancestors (an ultimate explanation). However, Nichols argues that such explanations place too much emphasis on ultimate causes and neglects important proximate (contemporary) causes. For example, research has shown important cultural differences in the way relationships are viewed and enacted, and also in the way men and women deal with losing a mate in these cultures. These differences can be attributed to local forces and traditions rather than to the adaptive problems faced by early humans. ...read more.

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