• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Temperament Construct

Extracts from this document...


Temperament Construct EDUC 501 Edgard R. Oakley, Jr. American Public University Dr. John D. Moore Abstract This paper will discuss the temperament construct and ways in which temperament is measured. It will also discuss some the behaviors that are studied in temperament research and why? I will then offer my own analysis and discuss and then offer a final conclusion that will offer my personal opinion. Before one could adequately explain the temperament construct, a brief history of the temperament theory must be reviewed. As I conducted my research I found varying definitions of temperament, when attempting to explain human behavior. Many scientists made honest attempts to define human behavior. Beginning with the ancient Greeks and their constructs of human behavior, they classified these behaviors in several categories. Temperament concepts since time of Greeks involved human temperament being described as or determined by the proportion of four bodily fluids present in an individual. Blood - cheerfulness, Phlegm - sluggishness or apathy, Black bile - gloominess, Yellow bile - anger Since then, there were many researchers that believe many other multi-faceted factors influenced human temperament. ...read more.


Knowledge about temperament and individuality can be useful in several ways. First, educating parents, teachers and professionals about the existence of individual differences in temperament and ways to deal with these differences can be valuable. Differences are not necessarily the result of a condition or disorder. Many parents feel responsible for, and guilty about having a spirited child, and are relieved to know that their child is normal and they are not responsible for causing the child's behavioral patterns. Second, it is helpful to know the specific patterns of behavioral individuality to allow those working with the youngster to 'tune in' to their behavioral style. Often caregivers have a general idea about the child's temperament, but ratings on a standardized temperament measure can improve everyone's focus, and there are often surprises (for example, the inability to adjust quickly is often seen as high persistence rather than gradual adaptability). Furthermore discrepancies between perceptions and actual behaviors are important to understand. Third, with an accurate assessment of the child's behavior, specific changes can be planned and implemented by those working with the youngster. ...read more.


Shy children, for instance, tend to experience a higher heart rate when they are in new situations compared to when they are at home. Children are also asked to report their perceptions of their temperament style after around the age of eight. This is when most children are able to report their own behaviors and preferences in a reliable manner. Few studies, however, include self-report measures because most temperament studies focus on children in infancy and early childhood. In conclusion, I find the single most intriguing aspect in the study of human temperament is the notion of modifying environmental factors. Secondly, being a parent of a 4 year old, I am fascinated by the notion of hereditary traits of temperament. I wonder what good fit qualities I am using to construct her environment. I do believe that I will attempt to learn more. Furthermore, I conclude that I may consider examining this topic further in my research paper. Overall, I find some of the nine traits of temperament somewhat confusing and repetitive. I think I like the examination of the activity level much easier to comprehend and understand because it is very straightforward and to the point. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Cognition & development How a human/child develops knowledge/understanding of everything.

    children and counting blocks. 2. The Iconic mode - This is when information is presented in the form of pictures or images 3. The Symbolic mode - knowledge is represented in the form of words. Bruner believed that unlike Piaget, cognitive development occurs in a series of stages but is not directly linked with age.

  2. Free essay

    Correlation between age and sleep

    Ethical issues in psychological investigation, which I gave high importance, are: informed consent, deception, right to withdraw, confidentiality and competence. Informed consent: Participants must have enough knowledge about the study to decide whether they want to be involved. Before taking part in the survey my participants were briefed about the task they will be involved.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work