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The adopted codes of conduct for psychological research

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Introduction

There is a belief among psychologists that by carrying out an experiment we should be lead to understand ourselves better and to the enhancement of the human condition and promotion of human welfare. This can only be completed if the experiment is ethically right to all parties involved. Ethics in an experimental situation deals with the idea of morality, what would be considered morally right behaviour in sight of a specific scientific goal. One idea which all psychologists agree on today which can be very rare, are the adopted codes of conduct for psychological research, these were created in 1985 by the British Psychological Society (BPS) in order to minimize the risk to human participants. There are six ethical principles which must be carried out in order for the codes of conduct to be complete. These include informed consent, where all subjects should be informed full information about the objectives of the research. In particular subjects should be told information that could prevent or permit their choice to participate in the experiment. Subjects should have the right to withdraw; participants should be informed that they can leave the experiment at any stage regardless of any payment. Intentional deception should be avoided at all times; subjects shouldn't be misleading deliberately without strong scientific justification. ...read more.

Middle

teacher was given randomly where as in fact both the subject and actor were given teacher roles, only the actor played the role of learner. This study went against the right to withdraw as it was found that if the actor and teacher wanted to stop the experimenter would persuade the teacher to continue making teacher feel obliged to continues saying" we take full responsibility for your actions." The psychologist Paliavin did an experiment concerning observation here the code was broken as psychologist are expected to respects subjects privacy in this experiment psychologists are aware of subjects at all times as here psychologist is looking for reactions so no privacy of individuals available. In this experiment there is no informed consent as subjects were not informed as to what the study involved all they new they were to get on a particular train. There was no total protection to participants as they could have had serious after effects from a situation where someone collapses on a train because of the shock and not knowing what to do. The experiment to do with child aggression by Ross and Ross and Bandura had little or no informed consent parent of this study were unaware of all the aggress ional behaviour their child would receive if in a particular group. ...read more.

Conclusion

If subjects are willing to be studied on for the greater good and are not affected too brutally then this is positively acceptable. Studies should be carried out in moderation as I don't tolerate the hypocritical ideas of hurting humans. When it is a psychologist purpose to help human life and make it better. I would not tolerate such behaviour like in Zimbardos study where subjects became mentally affected. We may have been able to improve prisons to a certain extent but this is not good enough for the reoccurring torture these subjects received after the experiment. I don't believe that it is up to the subjects if anything bad happens to then. It's not entirely their own fault for going into the experiment when anyone including the psychologist themselve's know entirely what will happen. Thus they do an experiment there for if something bad happens to a subject they are not aware if they were they would be less inclined to do so. Although I do believe that researchers have a good deal of responsibility to their subjects as it is them that set up the experiment so they should have certain control. This is what's so good about the BPS code this is respecting the subjects but at the same time allowing the subjects to understand they are the ones that have joined in the experiment. That is what I believe is a real ethical experiment to help human life. Sarah McGowran Psychology Essay: Ethics ...read more.

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