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The Milgram Stanley 1963 Behavioural Study of Obedience

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Introduction

The Milgram Stanley 1963 ? Behavioural Study of Obedience The main aim of milgrams 1963 experiment was to investigate the level of obedience was to investigate the level of obedience would be shown when participants were told by an authority figure to administer electric shocks to another person. Milgram?s experiment was based on the justification and reasoning that soldiers gave when questioned about their part in the world war. The experiment was to see how far a individual would be willing to go, by being instructed by an authority figure and when would the individual start to question that authority figure and what would cause them to ask that question. The experiment, participants responded to a newspaper advert and were paid $4.50 to take part in a learning and memory experiment. The participants were brought into a room where they would meet another participant (the stooge). They would then draw pieces of paper from a hat the participant would always play the role of the teacher and the actor would always play the role of the learner. The learner is then strapped to a chair with electrode attached to him, whilst the teacher was taken to another room adjacent to the learner with a shock generator present in the room (fake but very realistic). ...read more.

Middle

The samples within this experiment were all volunteers from a targeted population all applying from the local newspaper advertisement, this to me says the samples were already partly willing to conform to whatever situation they were going to be put in, and does this give a true finding to the results? The samples were being paid for their part within the experiment so this could mean that samples could be coming from similar financial backgrounds and with being paid could lead to the samples feeling obliged to continue with the experiment regardless of consequences. The sample were all working class males this affecting the findings as it was located to a targeted group so would the findings really give a true results? If there were females within the group would they have conformed to the same level of obedience that the males did? I believe there were some ethical factors that also need to be looked at, that may have affected the results and findings within Milgram Obedience experiment. These being as followed:- There were no measures put in place to protect the participants from physical or psychological harm. Milgram answer to this was that the results were unexpected to him and he?d asked the opinions of professionals before starting the experiment and he genuinely thought the participants would stop once the leaner protested. ...read more.

Conclusion

This experiment was repeated several times showing similar results showing the results were reliable. Milgram suggest that there was a clear link from his findings to that of the Nazi. Though the studies made a clear point of understanding the human memory and learning, leading me still to the conclusion the Nazi were not justified. Most of the participants which took part in this experiment needed a close watchful eye and prompting when they were finding it difficult to continue. Where the Nazi didn?t need this kind of support to continue. Furthermore the participants within this experiment were clearly stressed out about the whole experiment. The findings of Milgram research have had a powerful influence on the psychological theory. Milgram approached and questions a subject most people were fearful of, it provided a live demonstration of how far an individual is willing to go when being instructed to do so. Furthermore it showed whether or not the authority figure commanded something questionable in morality with the potential to endanger or harm another human being came in question. One of the major drawbacks in the experiment was that there was no measure taken to protect the participants from physical or psychological harms it was technically designed in the way that it was unethical, leading to concerns in the actual findings of this experiment. ...read more.

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