• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Does the Multi Store Model Offer A Reasonable Account of Human Memory?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent Does the Multi Store Model Offer A Reasonable Account of Human Memory? The Multi Store Model was created by Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968). It states that there are three parts to memory: Sensory Memory, Short Term Memory and Long Term Memory. Sensory Memory receives information from all five senses, but only stores this information for a very brief period of time. If attention is paid to the information, it is transferred to the Short Term Memory, which according to Miller (1977) can store about seven items. However, the Short Term Memory can only store information for a few seconds, so for information to be stored longer it needs to be transferred to the Long Term Memory. For this to happen the information has to be rehearsed. ...read more.

Middle

They gave participants a list of twenty words to learn, and discovered that they tended to remember the first few and the last few, but not the words in the middle. This is because of the primacy effect, where information has been rehearsed and transferred into the Long Term Memory, and the recency effect, where information is still in the Short Term Memory. This supports the idea of rehearsal. Furthermore, brain scans have shown that different areas of the brain are active when using Short Term Memory and Long Term Memory. Beardsley (1997) found that the prefrontal cortex is active when participants did a task involving their Short Term Memories. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally, Ruchkin et al (2003) suggested that the Short Term Memory was not separate from the Long Term Memory, as suggested by the Multi Store Model, but the part of Long Term Memory which is active at the time. This was because participants were able to recall more real words that pseudo-words, suggesting that they used the meanings of the words to remember them. In conclusion, although the Multi Store Model is useful for looking at the basic structure of memory, there are many issues with it. It is oversimplified, and so will not take into account many factors when explaining what happens. This means that while it offers a reasonable account of human memory, it does not explain nearly everything about memory. Top of Form Bottom of Form ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. SHORT TERM MEMORY

    Along with the briefing sheet, the same consent form was given to the two groups. The participants were asked by the experimenter to "read, fill in the required section, and you've got the right to object to any aspect in the sheet given to you".

  2. Primacy and Recency effect

    Whether they are the first 10, second 10 or the last 10. Any difference will be due to chance The results accept my experimental hypothesis and therefore reject my null hypothesis. Discussion In this experiment, it was found that both the Primacy and Recency effect had occurred therefore the null

  1. Investigating the short-term memory

    A strength of the research is that it can be clearly distinguished that group 1 performed better in the recall test compared to group 2, it is also important to mention that this was predicted so it is a strength that the research matched my assumptions from the beginning and that there were no big surprises.

  2. The effect of primacy and recency on recall

    Although, the disadvantages are that laboratory experiments can be criticised for not being valid as the controls make it unnatural and it is usually only the independent and dependent variables that are examined; other variables are rarely taken into account.

  1. Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model

    would come in terms of 'depth', they can only be placed in comparison of one another but the terms cannot be linked to a definite number or scale. Craik and Lockhart also failed to explain why deeper Levels of Processing should lead to better retention, although some evidence did support

  2. To what extent does the multi-store model offer a reasonable account of human memory?

    The multi-store model does not account for this. It does not explain Baddeley and Hitch's flashbulb memories, which are long lasting with detail and without any rehearsal. This has also been found with STM, there is no concrete evidence that supports the number of different types of STM.

  1. Alternatives to the multi store model of memory.

    The episodic buffer was later added to the working memory to help explain how information is transferred from short term to long term memory. The EB collects info from the CE,the PL and the VSSP and holds it temporarily. The episodic buffer combines this information and then its stored in the LTM.

  2. To what extent does the multi-store model offer a reasonable account of human memory?

    words from the start of the lost more accurate since the memory was transferred to the LTM.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work