• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Mythological language raises very difficult if not impossible problems. Discuss this statement by examining both verification and falsification.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Mythological language raises very difficult if not impossible problems." Discuss this statement by examining both verification and falsification. "A myth is a symbolic approximate expression of truth, which the human mind cannot perceive sharply and completely, but can only glimpse vaguely, and therefore cannot adequately or accurately express." - Millar Burrows. In the context of religion, myths can be taken to mean stories about God which have vital meanings for an individual, a community, a nation or the cosmos. Myths embody and express claims which cannot be expressed in any other way. Myth is the most complex type of symbolic language because it uses symbols, metaphors and imagery. They use them to explain the unexplainable and to give insights into human existence. Mythology does not convey information that isn't true. They convey concepts that go way beyond the true/false descriptors. They express stories that are "other worldly". They allow humans to gain insight into two very important questions; the cosmological question about the meaning of life and the existential question about emotions, feelings, believing etc. ...read more.

Middle

"the world is a few thousand years old," could just simply be saying God made it. So referring to the statement, "mythological language raises very difficult if not impossible problems" It is clear that even more than symbols, myths seem outdated. In the 19th century, D.F. Strauss suggested that we need to shift the focus of myth from "the story of a miraculous occurrence, to the story of a miraculous occurrence." This basically means in the first case, it is assumed that an objective true narrative about a miracle is being expressed, in the second, that an embodied religious truth is being conveyed in a story form and isn't necessarily true. Another critic of the use of mythological language was Rudolph Bultmann who said that we must not take myths literally. The Bible should be seen as a myth and only by reading the Bible as mythological text can we fully understand it. The Bible was written in a pre-scientific age when mythological language had a lot of meaning, i.e. ...read more.

Conclusion

He could also have added that this was put together during the course of many centuries. Significantly the difference between Bultmann and Dawkins is that Bultmann still maintained that there was truth to be extracted from the mythological narrative once the myth was stripped away. However, those who are in support of myth, claim that, since religious language is anti-realist, it is not concerned with making true or false statements. J.W. Rogerson wrote: "Because myths have their birth not in logic but in intuitions of transcendence, they are of value to traditions that seek to describe the action of the other worldly in the present world." So in conclusion, it is important to understand how myths should be interpreted rather than being concerned to establish what the facts of the matter actually are. We have to remember how these stories were heard, i.e. in the context of simple people. This was a language they could understand and images and pictures that related to ordinary readers and listeners to religious works. This allowed the underlying meanings to be absorbed without needing a great education. ?? ?? ?? ?? Natalie Limbrey 13D ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Religious language is meaningless, Discuss

    Therefore the statements are meaningful as we know how to falsify them. Basil Mitchell wanted to show how religious statements are meaningful even if they are not straight forward to verify or falsify.

  2. The verification principle offers no real challenge to religious belief. Discuss

    Flew presented an analogy of the jungle. Two explorers in the jungle find a clearing in which weeds and flowers grow. One of them suggests that there is a gardener who looks after clearing; the other suggests that there is not.

  1. Religious language is meaningless. Discuss.

    Hare also went on to say that looking at the world in this way is seen as a "blik." Religious beliefs are bliks because of the impact they have on every individual's life and the way believers look at their lives that is different to somebody else's.

  2. An embodied life in heaven is entirely possible. Discuss.

    There are two main theories that have implications for indicative survival after death; dualism and materialism. Dualism Mind-Body Dualism assumes the existence of two distinct principles of being in the universe: spirit and matter, or soul and body. Dualism (philosophical understanding of the term)

  1. "Religious Language is meaningless." Discuss.

    Flew seems to have overlooked this. Most responses to logical positivism are developed by the theologians creating parables to back up their beliefs. However, personal beliefs and language shown in these parables can only be meaningful if they are consistent with the facts about the world, if there is no

  2. In what ways may suffering create philosophical problems for religious believers? Outline two solutions ...

    The strengths for the Augustine theodicy are fairly short; firstly, Augustine's states that evil is a `deprivation of good` in humans rather than it being a positive substance created by God; this has been supported by some modern thinkers, such as Brian Davies who describes evil as `a gap between what there is and what there ought to be`.

  1. God is most clearly revealed to humanity through scripture. Discuss

    Hume believed we should proportion out belief to evidence we have for it. The more unlikely an event that comes to us through scripture, the more likely we are to assume that the account is wrong and has either been misunderstood or exaggerated.

  2. Ethical language is meaningless. Discuss.

    even ask this question shows that ?good? and ?bad? cannot be the names of natural properties in the way that ?rough? and ?smooth? are. Therefore, if we claim that happiness is a naturally good thing, we could always ask ?is happiness good?,? but if happiness is naturally good this question

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work