• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A study of islamic and hindu belief about life after death.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A study of islamic and hindu belief about life after death By farrah khalid The concept of life after death can be traced back to prehistoric periods. Man has always believed there is something beyond death and in our modern scientific world there is no exception. My aim is to explore the concept of life after death in two of the biggest world spread religions today. I will be exploring Islam and Hinduism, two religions with very different concepts on the theory of life after death, but one thing in conman, the soul. Both religions have a common belief in the soul and my investigation will be strongly focusing on this along with the to the representation of the heaven and hell in each religion, including it postive and negative points. I also want to explore the concept of the soul within different sects such as Sunnis and shiahs in Islam and Saivism,Vaishnavism ,Shaktismin in Hinduism. Islam is a religion with more than 1,400 million believers. It is dominant in East- and north africa, middle eastCentral Asia and in Indonesia. Islam is divided into many sects but the two main sects are sunnis which are the majority of muslims today and shiahs. This religion is based upon the holy quran, and the examples of conduct from the messenger Muhammad's(pbuh) life, the Sunna, or had�th. According to Islam, the religion is dated back to Adam, the first man created. Ibrahim (pbuh)(also known in Judaism and Christianity as Abraham) has a central place in the history of Islam, and is the founder and builder of the Ka'ba in Mecca, which is by Islam defined as the centre of the world.. ...read more.

Middle

It is said that the earth presses in on them and they are crushed to the point that their ribs split apart. This part of the souls journey in the graves is still mostly unknown territory. Outwardly the grave is stillness and quiet while inwardly it contains secrets and terrors which an ordinary person cannot percieve. The next part of the souls journey is the resurection. Acording to islamic belief, Allah will instruct the Angel Israfeel to blow the horn twice. The souls will come back from the barzakh to group on the mountain of arfat Judgement Day will be the souls next stop. This is the day when Allah personally will judge everyone directly . Each person will then receive a book that contains each and everything they have done from the time of birth till death. This book includes activites, appearance and intention. This is where the journey for the souls will near its end near the end. The soul will enter an everlasting life, which will either be spent in heaven or hell. The concept of hell in islam is one which is extreamly horrific,terrifying and graphic in comparison to hell of other world religions - The prophet (saw) said: "The mildest punishment to be inflicted upon a person in Hell is that he will be made to wear a pair of sandals made of fire which will be so hot that they will make his brain boil like things boil on a stove. He will imagine that no one is undergoing a punishment more severe although his punishment, in reality, will be the mildest in Hell." ...read more.

Conclusion

The Jiva has to progressively evolve through the cycle of innumerable births and deaths before the soul can liberate itself. Freedom from the process of samsara can only come once a person realises they are actualydivine and belong to god. And this can take hundred of years to achieve. Overall when looking at these two relgions view on the soul it is important to look at the differnts sect belief in the soul. in islam , the two major sects are sunis and shiah and these two sects seperated at back at the time of the prophets mohammed(pbuh) death. Though these two sect have many beliefs and practices which are are very different from one another, the actual belief in the soul and the concepts of barahkz ,ressurection,judgement,heaven and hell are in fact very simlar. There are not many differences. In hinduism however, there are four main sects Shaivism,Vaishnavism ,Shaktismin and smarta/liberal hinduism which I have just discussed. All these sect have a belief that the human soul is imortal and passes from body to body untill they can reunite with god. The difference in each sect is that are each represented by a different god who they hope to become one with. Smarta hinduism which I have discused believe that they are all apart of the one god known as brahmin. in Shaivism, these followers bielieve it is the god known as shiva who is one god they hope to reunite with. In Vaishnavism it's the god Vishnu, and in Shaktism it is the god Shakti. These are the major differences between the sects, the ideals and concepts of hinduism such as karma, reincartion, the soul, heaven are the same. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Islam section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Islam essays

  1. Life after death - Islam and Christianity

    Death brings an end to our temporary life on this earth. It is an occasion of sorrow and grief for the loved ones of the dead. Death puts an end to our physical body it does not destroy our soul.

  2. Some westerners think Muslim women do not receive equal treatment with men. In fact, ...

    The word of the Prophet (peace be upon him), 'the queen of her house', and this is the position a true believer is expected to give his wife. In contrast to these enlightened teachings of Islam in respect of women, Western talk of women's liberation or emancipation is actually a

  1. A Studyof Islamic and Christian Beliefs On Life After Death.

    Here the physical body is united with its Spirit or 'Ruh'. Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) said this took place sometime after the 120th day of the foetus's growth. 2. The second stage is the life we have on earth or the 'Dunya'. On earth we are born and eventually we die.

  2. Examine the philosophical beliefs about life after death in Islam.

    This view would be very comforting to a Muslim. Bad people who have committed atrocities will go the Jahannam (Hell). Muslims regard this as a place of pain and intense fires. The Qur'an also gives a description of Hell. "I warn you of flaming fire. None shall be cast into it but the most wretched, who calls the truth a lie and turned his back."

  1. Believing in angels is the least important of the articles of Islamic belief

    Without angel Jibrail there would not have been a message conveyed on the night of power in 610CE, where Allah sent Jibrail to deliver the message to Muhammad, for the first time. Angels are one way in which Allah can communicate with man.

  2. How far have the beliefs and practices of Pre-Islamic Arabia been incorporated in to ...

    During Pre- Islamic Arabia era the women would get paid to get married. The main reason why this marriage was very common was because men would continually be travelling as they would be fighting during war.

  1. Examine and comment on Islamic and Hindu beliefs about life after death

    which will be infinite. Life on this earth is meaningless if good actions are not rewarded and bad conduct not punished. In order for an afterlife to exist, there must be some omnipotent being driving this idea forward. I will now be referring to Kant's idea of the universe being

  2. Free essay

    All Muslim life is preparation for Akirah Consider to what extent this is a ...

    The one on the right of your shoulder records your good deeds and the one on the left records your bad deeds.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work