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compare Plato and Aristotle's view of the soul

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Introduction

Compare Aristotle and platos' concept of the body and soul. The two philosophers Plato and Aristotle both had theories concerning the body and soul. Plato was a dualist believing the body and soul where two separate parts to a person. Aristotle however did not. Plato believed that the soul was the single most important part of a person and believed in the importance of moral concepts, ideas and the afterlife. Aristotle however, was more interested in the physical world and the forces adopted within this. He was interested in observation and his theories unlike Plato's were based on the functions of physical things and how well they perform. ...read more.

Middle

Aristotle believed, however that the body and soul are two interdependent parts to a human as the support and rely on each other. One example used by Aristotle would be movement. He would say that only the body can move, however it needs the soul to be able to move or tell the body what to do, unless accidentally. In this way he implies that without one the other would not be able to perform the tasks it needs. They rely on each other. Therefore Aristotle is saying the two entities are intertwined and belong together and cannot exist optimally without the other. Therefore unlike Plato's ideas suggesting that the "perfect" or morally good part of a person is within the soul or connection ...read more.

Conclusion

Aristotle believed that the mind connected the soul and body as it the soul itself is divided into separate parts. The section connecting the soul and body would be the "irrational" part. This is where according to Aristotle the material desires and wants would be contained. Plato would disagree with this as he believed the soul had no connection with the physical world what so ever and that physical wants were merely a distraction from what is really important. Aristotle's explanation of the soul is more detailed than that of Plato's. Ultimately, the ideas of the body and soul differ between Plato and Aristotle as that they believe the soul have different roles and that Aristotle unlike Plato believes they are more or less inseparable. The similarities lie in the mind being the connection between soul and body. ...read more.

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