• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine and Comment on the practice of pilgrimage during medieval times and its significance in the medieval church

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine and Comment on the practice of pilgrimage during medieval times and its significance in the medieval church As pilgrimage in medieval times is a very large topic to explore, I have decided to use Canterbury as my focus. Canterbury was and is still seen as a very important place for pilgrimage and was the main reason why pilgrims from other parts of England, Europe and all over the world have come to venerate St Thomas Becket. I want to examine how pilgrimage at Canterbury developed and evolved from Becket's death in 1170 to the Reformation in the 1500s. What kind of an effect did this have on the Cathedral's revenue; surely the Cathedral saw a large profit? Even though people had been visiting Canterbury for centuries in small groups so that they could respect and honour saints like Augustine, Dunstan and Alphege, however, was it pilgrimage to the shrine of Thomas Becket, the murdered Archbishop, which made most the money for Canterbury?Did pilgrimage to his shrine help to make a very wide impact on pilgrimage in England as it brung the majority of pilgrims to Canterbury Cathedral? During the medieval ages Canterbury Cathedral saw its peak years in terms of the number of visitors and revenue generated as well as its downfalls which I would like to explore along with the common criticisms of pilgrimage. R.Finucane begins his book 'Miracles and Pilgrims' by asking why pilgrims in the early middle ages would be drawn to the 'mouldering remains' of a saint. The answer is most likely to be because they wanted a cure for their illnesses. Finucane describes 'cripples writhing on the floor of Becket's simple tomb'1Thomas Becket's death in 1170 had a massive effect on the number of pilgrims that came to Canterbury. After he died in 1170 news of miracles spread almost immediately, not just in Canterbury but in other places around England. ...read more.

Middle

These associations with the Archbishop was why they chose to translate his body to the new Trinity Chapel Festivals Celebrated at Canterbury Festivals celebrated at Canterbury would also attract more pilgrims to Canterbury. People would crowd around the doors outside the Cathedral on the vigils of the Translation and of saint's Martyrdom. Here pilgrims may spend the night. Examples of activities that pilgrims would do include prayers, devotions, games and music. However, this would also give the opportunity for many thieves to steal from the pilgrims as they would often wander around the large crowds. Becket's translation led to the annual Canterbury fair on the 7th July which was The Feast of the Translation. Many booths and stalls would be opened making a lot of money from visitors. As the Feast of the Translation was set in the summer and not the winter like The Feast of St Thomas of Canterbury has attracted a larger number of pilgrims from further away. It is said that the first jubilee in 1220 gained a sum of �1,142 5s 8. This sum was mainly made up of the offering to the saint's shrine and also the site of the martyrdom There were also other factors which affected the revenue which were of a more social and political nature. For example when the Cathedral hosted the Black Prince's funeral in 1376 and the crowning of King George and Queen Isabella in Canterbury Cathedral this saw extremely high amounts in these years. The Customary and revenue at Canterbury It was very important for the shrine to be well guarded every day and night because they had many important tasks to carry out. There was a guide of the custodians duties called the Customary which was written by two monks. There were two guards in the Trinity Chapel one was temporal and the other spiritual. In the summer they would get up at five and it would be six in the winter. ...read more.

Conclusion

The main motive seems to be in order to get healed because it is was news of his miracles spreading further that more people visited the tomb and then the shrine. Its most significant increase as suggested my most scholars such as Dianan Webb, was in 1220 when his bones were translated because of what medieval life was like this would have been a breathtaking and an amazing sight to behold. As time goes on motives may have been more based on seeing and just as an opportunity to travel. There are criticisms that have developed and even though we assume because of the large number of pilgrims that visited Canterbury and even though large sums were offered, it seems that because of large expenditures this did not make the cathedral much of a profit. When Henry VIII destroyed the shrine this meant that there wasn't much for people to see anymore seeing what seemed to be an end to pilgrimage at Canterbury. Overall, I believe it was Thomas Becket who William Langland describes 'a symbol of resistance to oppression of the Church by the secular power of his day14' which was the main reson that pilgrims ventured to Canterbury. 1 R. Finucane - Miracles and Pilgrims- Introduction page 9 2 William Purcell- Pilgrim's England Chapter 7 Canterbury and St Thomas p.167 3 Sarah Hopper- To be a Pilgrim The Medieval Pilgrimage Experience Chapter 5 p.60 4 The Pilgrims Way- John Adair page 68 5 The Pilgrim's Way- John Adair page 40 6 Piers Plowman- William Langland passus V page 61 7 The Pilgrim's Way- John Adair page 68 8 To be a pilgrim- God's Magic Shrines and Miracles - Sarah Hopper p.127 9 European Pilgrimage- Indulgences and Jubilees pg 73 10 To be a Pilgrim - chapter 'Oppositions to Pilgrimage'- Sarah Hopper page 162 11 Pilgrims and Pilgrimage - Diana Webb- page 72 12 R. Finucane - Miracles and Pilgrims- p.34-5 13 Pilgrim's England - Chapter 7 'Canterbury and Thomas' William Purcell page183 14 Religious Studies Coursework Medieval Pilgrimage ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. Human Experience Miracles

    It is clear that the numerous charities in action today, who are responding to those in need, are following in the example that Jesus set. Charities such as Tr�caire, and Children in Crossfire, are constantly trying to help children and families in under developed countries.

  2. With reference to other aspects of human experience, comment on the view that monastic ...

    Brigid of Kildare had a preferential option for the poor. She vowed to the king of Leinster, "If I had all your wealth, I would take it and give it away to the poor," So Brigids monastery in Kildare, became known as the "City of the poor."

  1. Cyrano de Bergerac Act V Character List.

    Bret-I shall be up there presently in the moon-without having to invent any flying machines!" ROXANE: What are you saying/ CYRANO: The moon-yes, that would be the place for me-my kind of paradise! I shall find there those other souls who should be friends of mine-Socrates-Galileo--/ LE BRET: No! No!

  2. Why is Zwingli important for the spread and history of the Reformation?

    Testament did not say something explicitly and literally, then no Christian should believe or practice it. This was the basis of his critique of indulgences. In 1522, for instance, Zwingli mounted a protest against the fast at Lent, a standard Catholic practice.

  1. Explain the contribution of Thomas Merton to mysticism

    His ongoing development also led him into the political arena, where he wrote about other faiths and took a nonviolence stance during the 1960s race riots and Vietnam War.

  2. Describe and explain the different theistic views concerning miracles

    However, scholars would debate this. Lewis, for example, was critical of Calvin?s work. Miracles are not the sole property of the Bible either; the primary miracle of the Quran is believed by Muslims to be the actual text of the Quran itself, and how it was delivered miraculously by God.

  1. With reference to the topics you have ...

    Most scholars disagree with the notion that St Paul believed in a purely spiritual resurrection, as this is a very primitive Christian belief that has since been replaced with belief in a physical resurrection. However Carrier and Friedman maintain that there are a number of arguments to support this view.

  2. 1.) Examine the evidence and reasons to support belief in God based on religious ...

    If religious experience occurs in the mind, how can it be verified as an experience with a transcendent being rather than an abnormal chemical reaction in the brain? Donovan albeit less provocatively takes this stance by arguing ?for those who experience God know he?s real and that?s all there is to it? suggesting an argument from religious experience is redundant.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work