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Plato and Aristotle offer highly contrasting definitions of the soul

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Introduction

) Plato and Aristotle offer highly contrasting definitions of the soul with Plato?s being very similar to the current, excepted idea of a soul is whilst Aristotle?s concept is something that isn?t thought of when considering the soul by the majority. Plato?s soul links in with the Judaeo-Christian belief on the soul as he suggests that it is eternal and a separate entity entirely from the body that lives on after the bodies? death. It is used by Christians to tell of how we are judged after death whilst its main importance to Plato?s theories is that it describes a way in which the world of appearances and the world of forms are linked together and how these perfect concepts are viewed by us. ...read more.

Middle

Aristotle on the other hand tells that the body and soul are interdependent, part of a single unity, and rather than the soul being immortal it will in fact die with the body as unlike Plato?s suggestion of the body and soul being separate Aristotle conveys them to be aspects of the same thing so without the body the soul cannot live on. He describes the body as matter and the soul as form. The soul is the function and organisation of the body; it is like the life force of a living being. The soul gives the opportunity to change potentiality into actuality; if the body is not actualised then it is considered dead and would just be unformed matter. ...read more.

Conclusion

An eternal soul would have to live outside of the universe which is limited by time and space which makes linking the concepts of the body and soul, the world of appearances and forms and a time bound universe and an eternal space harder to conceive of and therefore truly consider. There would have to be a limited link as a constant one is made impossible by the universe not sharing in the eternality, this raises the question of how can two things be intimately linked when one shall continue for eternity whilst the other will cease to exist. The logical and conceivable concepts of Aristotle?s views allow me to accept them as reasonable. ...read more.

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