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Antacid Lab. Are name brand antacids better than generic brand antacids to neutralize stomach acids that may cause diseases? Which antacid is more effective? Are both brands equally effective?

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Introduction

The Effective Antacid Generic or Brand Name? SNC2DO Mr. Nestor User 3/25/2009 Question Are "name brand" antacids better than generic brand antacids to neutralize stomach acids that may cause diseases? Which antacid is more effective? Are both brands equally effective? Introduction The customary acid that is originated in a healthy stomach is also known as gastric acid. Gastric acid is one of the main emitting of the stomach, together with several enzymes and intrinsic factor. Chemically it is an acid solution with a pH of 1 to 2 in the stomach lumen, consisting mainly of hydrochloric acid (HCl), and large quantities of potassium chloride (KCl) and sodium chloride (NaCl). Stomach acidity is a frequent problem. The stomach produces acid to digest food that we consume. As we eat, the cells that border the stomach pump acid liquefy the food. However, the conflict occurs when these cells compose large amount of acid unnecessary for the stomach. The result of too much acidity is the feeling of a burning sensation or acid regurgitation. One of the most popular ways to prevent stomach acidity is by taking antacids that can be brought over-the-counter. Antacids are any material, usually base or base salt, used to neutralize stomach acids. The antacids execute a neutralization reaction. The antacids perform tasks such as, they buffer gastric acid, elevating the pH to decrease acidity in the stomach. If the base stomach acid is reduced it may result in a damaged ability to digest and absorb certain nutrients. For this reason it is very dangerous for antacids that may reduce the pH of the stomach acid lower than 2. Antacids are usually categorized into two different brands, generic and brand name. The two kinds of brands mainly contain the same compounds but the brand name is popular to the population. People usually purchase the name brands, available at pharmacies, because they are not aware of the generic brands unless prescribed by doctors. ...read more.

Middle

The ingredients in generic antacid include Calcium (as calcium carbonate), De-Glycyrrhizinated Licorice (root) 760 mg, and L-Glycine. The ingredients have selected ingredients like calcium carbonate, corn starch, talc, mineral oil and natural flavors help decrease the acidity of the stomach. The remaining ingredients are usually used for flavoring and color which are considered as bases so they may have a small part in neutralizing the stomach acid. The generic antacid contain three main ingredients which are meant to help the stomach acidic but they only play a small part in neutralizing the stomach acid. The main ingredient in both antacid that contributes to the neutralization of acid is calcium carbonate. The additional ingredients act as secondary ingredients that help stomach acidity. The brand name antacid contains more alkaline ingredients that last longer towards stomach acid. However the ingredients in the generic antacid appear to be less powerful against gastric acid although they do contribute to the neutralization process. I would want an antacid to dissolve instantly because the faster the antacid dissolves the sooner the antacid will digest and contact the excess acid. If the antacid dissolved instantaneously, less time is spend for the antacid to neutralize the gastric acidity. If the antacid dissolves over a period over time it is not as effective because it will take days even weeks before the antacid neutralizes the acid in the stomach. The fast relief antacid is more in demand by consumers because it is not preferred to wait around for stomach pain relief. Many cases involve liquid medicines to contain more concentration than solid medicines. Liquid medicines are also easier to swallow; faster absorption rate and they are more natural. The solid medicines are preferred usually due to longer shelf life, better tasting (rather no taste) and more convenient for travel purposes. One another main variable that I would consider is the cost of the antacid. ...read more.

Conclusion

I thought that generic brand would be effective because it did not include the artificial flavor and coloring which I though would reduce the strength of the antacid. Although results portray that the brand name antacids are more effective than the generic antacid, theoretically the two kinds of antacids are to be equally effective. The generic and the brand name antacids contain the same active ingredients. The only difference that the two kinds have are, the brand name antacid usually contain flavoring, coloring, and additional active ingredients. I think these extra ingredients in Tums, being mainly bases, may have contributed to gaining the name of the more effective antacid. The antacid lab raised certain questions that remain in my mind that are left unanswered. I was wondering if the additional ingredients in the brand name antacid help to make the antacid stronger, if it makes the antacid weaker or if it has no effect on the antacid. I also wanted to know if the water added to antacids had any effect on the end results. A question that raised my mind was even though theoretically the brand name and the generic antacid are hypothetically equally operative why it is that consumers prefer the name brand, even after the low prices of the generic brand? In reality, many people buy the brand name antacids because they are trusted by buyers and they are popular to consumers. I thought that the generic brand, although anonymous, they would be proven more effective and that consumers were making a mistake by buying the brand name just due to the fact that they were well-known due to advertising. I learned that brand name antacids are slightly stronger that generic and they are preferred because of the flavoring, color and even the shape. However, the lab taught me, on the long run they are both similarly effective because they have the same active ingredients. It is possible that one may be stronger than the other but they are both suitable for relieving pain for acidity in the stomach. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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