• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

‘Right wing theorists claim that criminals choose to commit crime.’Critically discuss with reference to the crime control strategies that have been advocated by the New Right

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Right wing theorists claim that criminals choose to commit crime.' Critically discuss with reference to the crime control strategies that have been advocated by the New Right The political era of the USA and the UK that gave us Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan also gave us the New Right. In looking at the international roots of the New Right, we have to consider how the term was coined. David Collard, a member of the Fabian Society, used the name in a pamphlet about new liberals and was one of the first to use the term here in the UK (Green, 1988:2). It has been written by many authors that there is not a unified view held by the New Right, as there are several stances which might be taken by those on the right wing. Moore, describes how right wing theories appear to have a root in liberalism (1997: 10) and shows us at least five types of right wing perspectives - Realism, Libertarianism, Rational Choice, Administrative and Paternalism (1997: 140). Whilst these can be considered part of the New Right ideas they are also separate, as the New Right are not in equal agreement over all the topics. ...read more.

Middle

Boyson, who said the British welfare State and its effects on the people left them weak and 'lacking in moral fibre'. He claimed that helping people too much meant they were less likely to save money, or actively seek employment. The cost of welfare and the seeming failure of its attempts to curb crime won over many social scientists, who called for a more punitive system of criminal justice. A name that appears repeatedly in literature about the New Right is that of James Q. Wilson. Wilson was a policy advisor to Reagan and Nixon during their terms as President (Young, 1998:281), and has written extensively on criminological theories. The stances of his writings are that: "...criminal law is defined by the State and its composition is no-problematic; and 'street crime' (including burglary) is by far the most important area to study" (Jones, 1998:231) There are two conflicting schools of thought on Wilson's work. Jones and Young both believe he is a true right wing theorist whereas David Green places Wilson as a 'neo-conservative' which is similar to the New Right, but different enough to be excluded from his book entitled 'The New Right'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Crime is committed by individuals, whether a group of individuals or one person by themselves, and so crime control has had to be geared towards that idea. Thatcherite Britain gave us the first push in the direction of preventing crime, and now New Labour are trying to take us on a step. New Right politics are still evident today even in New Labour. Tony Blair, PM, said: "Labour is the party of law and order today. Tough on crime and tough on the causes of crime." (Ratcliffe, 2001). So did the New Right era of the UK work? Did the crime control strategies actually reduce crime? Unfortunately not, no. In the early 1990s, it was clear that the prison population numbers were increasing, despite a drive toward cheaper, rehabilitative community sentences (Rawlings, 1999:154). The individual has been deemed responsible for his/herself and the criminal justice system treats them as such. However, for people to commit crime there must be an opportunity to do so, so by reducing opportunity, the New Right says, crime should reduce as well. In choosing to commit crime, the individual has overcome a rational choice and therefore accepts their punishment which is not outweighed by their gain - at least in their own opinion. ?? ?? ?? ?? Hemis Number: 103983 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Asses the arguments and evidence which suggest women commit much less crime than men

    4 star(s)

    with no money either, these young people would turn to crime and violence, which is what Messerschmidt believed. He found from many studies that robberies made young people feel more masculine and in some cases they may even turn to rape to build up their power.

  2. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    Marcus Felson (1998) uses routine activity theory. Felson argues for a crime to occur there must be a motivated offender, a suitable target and absence of a capable guardian. Offenders are assumed to act rationally so the presence of a guardian is likely to deter them from offending.

  1. The Justice and welfare debate.

    Furthermore they see this as a direct cause of the individual re-offending and eventually becoming a persistent offender or even starting to commit crimes of a more serious nature.

  2. Assess The Contribution Of Control Theory To Our Understanding Of Crime And Criminality

    self control tend to show themselves in the absence of nurturance, discipline, or training. (Gottfredson and Hirschi 1990) The family environment plays an important role in ensuring the child adheres to social norms and non deviant acts. According to Gottfredson and Hirschi the minimum conditions for adequate child rearing are

  1. New Right Realism & New Left Realism. The realist approach to crime treats crime ...

    Certain groups may feel pushed out of society with little chance to protest against capitalism or improve their lives. This is due to the lack of organisations to represent their interests in political debate. Also the unemployed have no access to trade unions meaning they have no say in control over the standard unemployed wage packet.

  2. The Strengths and Limitations of Left Realism and Right Realism Theories in Explaining Crime ...

    They propose that the public should have more say in shaping police policy, and officers should spend more time investigating crime rather than simply being 'on the beat', which antagonises the public. Young argues that certain areas of crime (e.g.

  1. What are the key differences between positivism and classicist approaches to crime control? Which ...

    to the severe and barbaric punishment of the time."3 The view is that all individuals conclude on whether or not they should commit a crime whilst weighing up the odds of the difficulty of committing the crime or the threat of punishment.

  2. Why do people commit crime?

    There are many different theories created by academics to try and assess why offenders commit this crime. In 2002, Holmes and Holmes created typologies to describe different offenders. There is the ?power assurance? type who aims to elevate their own status, has some concern for their victim, believes the victim enjoyed it, and tends to reoffend regularly.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work