• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

According to Marxist, the main aim of the education system is to provide capitalist with a workforce equip with all the values, attitudes and beliefs that will assist them in their aim to maximize profits.

Extracts from this document...


June 2004 Question 1 (a) Describe with examples the nature of the hidden curriculum 9 mks (a) According to Marxist, the main aim of the education system is to provide capitalist with a workforce equip with all the values, attitudes and beliefs that will assist them in their aim to maximize profits. If the aims of capitalism are to be achieved it will need to be consistently supplied with a docile, highly motivated and subservient workforce. The education system achieves this through the implementation of the hidden curriculum. The hidden curriculum consists of the things that students learn through attending school. It is not the content of lessons that is important but rather the values and beliefs that are passed from the teacher to the student during the teaching process. The hidden curriculum produces a suitable future workforce by ensuring that students learn to accept the hierarchy that exists (Bowles and Gintis). Schools are structured in a hierarchical principle of authority and control. Teachers posses all the power and control over students. They decide what is learnt and how it is taught. Students have no control over the contents of their educational life, they learn to accept the subordinate position they hold within the school stratification system. ...read more.


A survey undertaken by Halsely (1980) proved the already noted fact that middle class boys had a greater chance of achieving academic success than their working class counterpart. A reason for this could be the explained in the fact that the economic stance of these children's parents means that they will be able to provide them with all the additional toys that would facilitate success. A middle class parent would have the finance required to send their children to the best schools, where they would be taught by the most experienced educationalist. In addition to which the parent would be able to hire the expertise of private tutors, in school is fully understood. This can therefore allow the middle class privileged student to achieve success. On the other hand a working class parent as a result of their disadvantaged position within the social strata would not be able to provide their children with additional resources that will help them prevail. The culture in which the middle class student has been raised can also be used as an indicator for their achievement. The middle class child would from birth be socialized into the use of the elaborated code. ...read more.


Boys on the other hand, rarely face sexism, and have stereotypes which motivate them to want to achieve academically. Males do not suffer problems of self assurance, and are aware of the wide assortment of careers that are available to them. Working class black boys are an exception to this rule. These boys are aware of the negative way in which they are viewed by the wider white society. They know that they are expected to fail and to never amount to anything. As a result of the self fulfilling prophecy, these children well eventually give up all hopes of succeeding and will live up to the negative image society has of them. Black working n boys know that they have a greater chance of failing within the education system, and as a result of this, they reject the values and ideas that are being passed on to them. This action assists in their failure, since it has been stated that success is directly related to ones ability to conform. Thus it can be seen that external factors are just as influential in determining the extent to which one is able to attain academic success. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Sociological explanations of under achievement.

    placed on them by men and their aim is to bring equality between male and female also they believe education as an un equality made by male moreover they argue that women underachieve because education is made by males for males they believe that "Educational system as a reproducing gender

  2. Identify FOUR Values that are associated with education in the Caribbean. Explain how these ...

    "It is by respecting the school rules that the child learns to respect rules in general, that he/she develops the habit of self- control and restraint simply because he/she should control and restrain himself/herself." Therefore the rules in schools help individuals to make the right choices and shape them as a person.

  1. Outline and assess the view that the main purpose of education is to encourage ...

    as a whole and particularly social sciences like sociology would help the child to understand the rational basis on which society was organised. Durkheim started "it is by respecting the social rules that the child learns to respect rules in general, that he develops the habit of self-control and restraint simply because he should control and restrain himself.

  2. What is education for? Critically evaluate the diverse functions of education with reference to ...

    A 1950s study carried out by Brian Simon stressed that kids could be coached and results could be improved by such coaching therefor undermining any notion of constant measurable intelligence.(I.T.C.S,1953) It could be argued that rather than lead to a more equal society, the system perpetuated class divisions in that

  1. The recent rise in support for NRMS comes mainly from an increased desire to ...

    A. Beckford, (1985), criticizes Wallis, claiming that he fails to recognize that NRMS do not always fall into one category. Beckford criticizes him further, by stating that Wallis pays insufficient attention to the diversity of views that often exists within a sect or cult.

  2. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for ...

    Male teachers did not always display these attitudes though. In addition to this she found that teachers held stereotypical views of what female pupils would be doing in the future. In addition to this Michelle found that girls were encouraged to take less part in classes and got less attention

  1. Report on: Lowood Institution for Orphan Girls.

    and Coffee (half a mug) * Supper- Oaten Cake (Oat Cake) The only time this routine ever changes is on Sundays, where the girls eat dinner at Brockelbridge Church. In addition, on Sundays double portions of all meals were given to the girls. 4.2 Uniform and Clothing Long Holland pinafores are worn with brown frocks when inside the school building.

  2. An Investigation into Primary School Physical Education

    * from being able to describe what they see being performed to making simple evaluations of performance and being able to use this information to improve the quality of their work; * from knowing that exercise makes them hot or out of breath to developing an understanding of why activity

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work