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'Crime Is a real problem that must be taken seriously by criminologists.' Discuss.

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Introduction

'Crime Is a real problem that must be taken seriously by criminologists.' Discuss. No matter which country we live in, what culture we belong to, whether we are black, white, rich, poor, etc. every individual is aware that some criminal activity is going on around them. You do not have study crime to understand it's existence, many people live their lives in environments where crime is clearly visible, and in turn make their own judgements and assumptions of what is acceptable or not. Criminologists on the other hand explore further into these everyday personal experiences, they attempt to dismiss any prejudice that could be a product of personal views and opinions and focus mainly on facts and theories that are open for scrutiny to other scientists. They are looking for answers to why crime occurs, questioning it and perhaps offering other agencies probable solutions or preventions. Criminologists question many things; new or old theories/data/hypothesis, behaviour patterns, criminal research findings, new or old crime statistics, etc. and are frequently researching new data. However, this does not mean that all criminologists have the same arguments, as with most scientists, they specialize in their own fields. ...read more.

Middle

This does not mean to say that an individual will necessarily become a criminal because of their background, as clearly there are many people who do live in these circumstances that do not commit crimes, but rather that for particular individuals the circumstances within which they live, have caused them to act unlawfully. Left realist criminologists call this relative deprivation and it is what they believe to be a step on the ladder towards criminal behaviour. The 'Left' Realist - The left believe they are in tune with peoples fears and argue that it is this fear that reflects the reality of inner city crime. They are aware of the effect crime has on society and its communities, and as 'Lea and Young' put it, '...(crime) stems from economic and political discontent and an absence of economic opportunities...' Left Realism points to a square of crime involving the interaction between police and other agencies of social control, the public, the offender and the victim. There is no one direction for blame or excuse and it goes beyond vulnerable victim, police and criminal offender. ...read more.

Conclusion

CCTV cameras installed in shopping malls, car parks etc. can help police put a name to an offender and result in an arrest. Left realism concentrates on real crimes and real crimes today for society are what they see and here about in the media, on TV. and witness for themselves on the streets. However Realism acknowledges that patterns are constantly changing over time and the square of crime represents this. Police policies and practices change as does how they perceive criminal offences, i.e. the relaxed approach of the police to persons using cannabis in Brixton. It is this relationship with the public that determines their competency to solve crimes and what is taken seriously as a crime. Interacting together helps keep social relationships united. Discontent is what leads to crime when individuals feel marginalised socially and politically. The 'right' Realist - Most of the arguments provided by the right, appears to be focussed around what type of environment the criminal has grown up in, as well as the circumstances that Solutions For realism, then, the control of crime involves interventions on all levels: on the social causes of crime, on social control exercised by the community and the formal agencies, and on the situation of the victim. ...read more.

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