• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Crime Is a real problem that must be taken seriously by criminologists.' Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Crime Is a real problem that must be taken seriously by criminologists.' Discuss. No matter which country we live in, what culture we belong to, whether we are black, white, rich, poor, etc. every individual is aware that some criminal activity is going on around them. You do not have study crime to understand it's existence, many people live their lives in environments where crime is clearly visible, and in turn make their own judgements and assumptions of what is acceptable or not. Criminologists on the other hand explore further into these everyday personal experiences, they attempt to dismiss any prejudice that could be a product of personal views and opinions and focus mainly on facts and theories that are open for scrutiny to other scientists. They are looking for answers to why crime occurs, questioning it and perhaps offering other agencies probable solutions or preventions. Criminologists question many things; new or old theories/data/hypothesis, behaviour patterns, criminal research findings, new or old crime statistics, etc. and are frequently researching new data. However, this does not mean that all criminologists have the same arguments, as with most scientists, they specialize in their own fields. ...read more.

Middle

This does not mean to say that an individual will necessarily become a criminal because of their background, as clearly there are many people who do live in these circumstances that do not commit crimes, but rather that for particular individuals the circumstances within which they live, have caused them to act unlawfully. Left realist criminologists call this relative deprivation and it is what they believe to be a step on the ladder towards criminal behaviour. The 'Left' Realist - The left believe they are in tune with peoples fears and argue that it is this fear that reflects the reality of inner city crime. They are aware of the effect crime has on society and its communities, and as 'Lea and Young' put it, '...(crime) stems from economic and political discontent and an absence of economic opportunities...' Left Realism points to a square of crime involving the interaction between police and other agencies of social control, the public, the offender and the victim. There is no one direction for blame or excuse and it goes beyond vulnerable victim, police and criminal offender. ...read more.

Conclusion

CCTV cameras installed in shopping malls, car parks etc. can help police put a name to an offender and result in an arrest. Left realism concentrates on real crimes and real crimes today for society are what they see and here about in the media, on TV. and witness for themselves on the streets. However Realism acknowledges that patterns are constantly changing over time and the square of crime represents this. Police policies and practices change as does how they perceive criminal offences, i.e. the relaxed approach of the police to persons using cannabis in Brixton. It is this relationship with the public that determines their competency to solve crimes and what is taken seriously as a crime. Interacting together helps keep social relationships united. Discontent is what leads to crime when individuals feel marginalised socially and politically. The 'right' Realist - Most of the arguments provided by the right, appears to be focussed around what type of environment the criminal has grown up in, as well as the circumstances that Solutions For realism, then, the control of crime involves interventions on all levels: on the social causes of crime, on social control exercised by the community and the formal agencies, and on the situation of the victim. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    There is widespread resentment at the undeservedly high rewards that some receive. There is also relative deprivation downwards where the middle class who have to be hard working and disciplined to succeed in an increasingly competitive work environment resent the stereotypical underclass as idle, irresponsible and hedonistic, living of undeserved state handouts.

  2. New Right Realism & New Left Realism. The realist approach to crime treats crime ...

    There has been a large increase in street crime, so great that it cannot be manipulated as a result of changes in reporting and recording crime. Young suggests that the British crime survey's results also show a significant incline in street crime.

  1. The Strengths and Limitations of Left Realism and Right Realism Theories in Explaining Crime ...

    solutions to crime, as the police, the public, the victim and the offender are all involved in crime, they all need to be involved in reducing crime rates.

  2. Assess the right realist view that crime is the result of biological rational factors ...

    This welfare state has led to the decline of marriage and the growth of the lone-parent families, because women and children can live off benefits. This also means that men no longer have to take responsibility for supporting their families, so they no longer need to work.

  1. Effectiveness of CCTV

    Particular modes of dress also seemed worth watching... 'puffer coats (ski-style fashion), track suit bottoms, designer training shoes, baseball caps (ponytail hairstyles only compounded suspicion) and anything that may conceal the head, be it a woolly hat, hood or cap and football shirts or supporter paraphernalia.'

  2. Does the media heighten fear of crime?

    This research survived numerous demographic variables such as gender age and socio-economic status. (Maguire, Morgan and Reiner, 2007). On the flip side, some criminologists do not subscribe to Gerbner's cultivation theory as a sufficient explanation of the media and fear of crime.

  1. Inequalities within the 'Criminal JUSTICE System/Process'

    Problematic in as much as fundamental decisions may be made that may affect an individual. Morality, culture and politics... About dangerous: Nash (1999 p20) argues that it is often difficult to explain and understand behaviour which is seen as dangerous; therefore it can be seen that the person who kills

  2. Sociology - Realism

    3rd generation, and first generation immigrants were highly law-abiding, so it seems unreasonable to think that they passed this down to their children. It is plausible to say that racial discrimination and oppression plays more of a role in crime rates that a political attack on a white racist state.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work