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Discuss the theory of criminology and focus on good impact of crime in our society.

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Introduction

This essay is aimed to explain and discuss the theory of criminology and focus on good impact of crime in our society. The theme of normality of crime in our society goes with the believe of some of the Authors especially Durkheim.E which focus more on Anomie. This mean that rules on how people ought to behave with each other were breaking down and thus people did not know What to expect from others. Expectations on behaviours are confused and unclear to there believes in society which becomes crimes against each others, thus they act on their own believe and ascertain crime to be there day to day activities. Crime is normal because a society exempt from it is utterly impossible. A society in which criminal acts are no longer committed, the sentiment to offend would have to be found without exception in all individual consciousness, and they must be found to exist with the same degree as sentiments apply to them. For the collective sentiments, in which they are protected by the penal law of the people of a specified moment, of it history to take possession for the public to acquire a stronger hold where that have insufficient grip. On sociology at Hewett website (Durkheim Anomie) Durkheim felt that sudden change causes a state of Anomie, the system break down, either during a great prosperity or great depression, anomie is the same result. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, Gianfranco .P (2000:82). Explain that Durkheim advance some, at least of the criticisms of modern society, from a standpoint foreign to most anti-modernist critiques, and committed as he was in particular to the right of individuals to freedom and equality. However, without reasonable access to the social approved means, people will attempts to find some alternative way - including criminal behaviour - to resolve the pressure to achieve (Merton 1938). Thus crime committed by group of young people- or gangs that seriously victimises the larger community is in part, a by- product of effort of lower- class youth to attain goals valued within there own subcultural social world. (Mays, 1954; Cohen, 1955; Downes, 1956; Morris, 1957; Miller, 1958; Cloward and Ohlin, 1960; Matza, 1964; Spergel, 1964; Willmott, 1966; Parker, 1974; Pryce, 1979). The realist method delineates how crime is focused on certain geographical areas and certain groups within those areas, for example blacks rather whites, and poor people rather than rich. The most vulnerable in the society have the greatest risk of crime, but also the impact of crime in them is greater because there lack of money and resources. Moreover, the people who suffer most from other social problem (physical and mental illness, bad housing). The effect of crime improves the standard of living and increase technology advance to restructure the society and eradicate poverty. Robert Alun Jones (1974,v2: 67). ...read more.

Conclusion

a form of, governance at the level of economic processes related to accumulation of capital, the social process of community life, and the political process of power and rules. In becoming a governance criminality does not cease to be "brutal and disruption" of civilised life. Conclusion "Russia" criminal world has become the only force that can give stability, that is capable of stamping out debts, of guaranteeing the bank repayment of loans and considering property disputes efficiently and fairly. The criminal world has essentially taken on the functions of legislative and judicial authority. "(Leitzel 1995:43; William1997: 67)". Participation in illegal economy (crime) furthermore constitutes one the few realistic options available to many families who simply need to ensure a basic level of subsistence's. Illegality makes certain commodities or services usually profitable to the society. Thus the drug trade has become one of the central economics activities of the late twentieth century, drawing millions of people from the peasant villages of third world countries to the inner cities of the industrialised north- into networks of exchange which provide great wealth for some and a tolerable living for many who have limited alternative sources of income. BIBLOGRAPHY (1) Mike Maguire, The oxford Handbook of criminology. 3rd Edition, oxford (2002). (2) Rob White & Fiona Haines, crime and criminology (An introduction). 2nd Edition, oxford (2002). (3) Durkheim E, The rules of sociological method. (1982). An introduction by Steven lukes (4) Mike Fitzgerald, crime and society (Reading in history & theory). Rontledge London (1981). ...read more.

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