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Examine the effectiveness of situational crime prevention as a means of reducing the impact of crime on society (12 marks)

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Introduction

Examine the effectiveness of situational crime prevention as a means of reducing the impact of crime on society (12 marks) The government are using situational crime prevention as a means of reducing the impact of crime on society. I am going to examine the effectiveness of SCP. Situational Crime Prevention departs from mainstream criminology in that it focuses on the importance of the opportunity for crime to occur, the settings for crime, rather than upon those committing the crimes, preventing the occurrence of crime, rather than on detecting and punishing offenders. According to Item A, situational crime prevention involves in the immediate situation in which crime takes place to reduce its likelihood or seriousness. This involves coming up with theories that could be put into practice to reduce the attractiveness of a particular crime, for example using more CCTV and security guards in shops, have anti climbing paint on walls, have a neighbourhood watch areas etc. ...read more.

Middle

This has helped this type of crime reduce however there are still shops lifting going on and there are devises that people can have in order to take of the tag without any problems. Most shops now have guards standing at the door to check for any mysterious behaviour in people, which they have the right to stop any one if they think they could have shop lifted. Burglary in ones house is another form of crime and it is still common now, even celebrities get burgled, situational crime prevention have thought of having neighbour watch areas, where people in the neighbour hood sign up to watch over their area to make sure that there is nothing suspicious is going on, and anything does go on gets reported, having the sign neighbour watch area has reduced burglary as well as other crimes such as littering and fights on the street however this still goes on. ...read more.

Conclusion

And should not be fined or jailed for being the victim, as most women or men get caught into this act because of money or family problems, there should be support for these people and more education. In conclusion, situational crime prevention, has helped reduce crime and made areas less attractive for the suspect, however this does not stop crime altogether. The best crime prevention that most people agree with is CCTV cameras, as being caught on camera is solid evidence in court and suspects are less likely to do crime when there is a camera in view. However, having CCTV camera violates people's privacy and their freedom. The question of having CCTV cameras everywhere is up to debate. There are many situational crime prevention that have worked but as everything else there are also down points. ?? ?? ?? ?? Azija Khanam ...read more.

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