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Examine the main trends in the birth and death rates in the UK since 1900

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Examine the main trends in the birth and death rates in the UK since 1900 As the population of a country increases, there will be certain factors affecting the people of that country; the birth rate, and the death rate are two of the major demographic trends. Since 1900 the UK has changed greatly, as has the demography of the country. The Birth rate - the number of live births per 1000 of the population per year originally was fairly high due to the fact that child labour was legal in Victorian England, and that because of the high risk of death in childbirth due to infection ect. The more children you conceived, the higher the chance that you would get a child this is a rise in the TMF (total fraternity rate). In the early 1900's the birth rate was 28.7 births per 1000. ...read more.


A falling IMR means a fall in the birth rate because more children are surviving, so parents to not need to try again. Due to the ban of child labour, many people have had much less children, because the children no longer benefit them financially, as the children are economically dependent for much longer. Parents are now also using child centeredness - childhood is now seen as a special time for individuals, and parents should focus on the quality of the children's life - meaning fewer children are conceived so parents have better relationships with their children. Although birth rates have declined in the past century, there have been several spikes in birth rates; known as baby booms, one in the early 1920's, one in the mid 1940's and a final baby boom in the 1960's. ...read more.


Factors such as these lead to a decrease of the death rate, and in 2007 the death rate is at 10 per 1000. The lower death rate means a higher life expectancy - meaning people live longer. The average life expectancy in 1950 was 50 for men, and 57 for female; whilst now it is 76.9 for males and 81.2 for females. From these statistics from the birth and death rates of the UK from the past 100 years it shows that as the country is straining less importance on industrial life - such as in the 1900's and now focusing on the tertiary sector of society - office jobs ect. the quality of life is increasing as there is much less manual labour - meaning that there is a lower death rate, and that people are much more occupied with work, meaning that people are having less children, or leaving it to late, and suffering from conditions such as endometriosis - leaving them infertile ?? ?? ?? ?? James Sullivan 12/6 Sociology ...read more.

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