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The characteristics of Post Modernism

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Introduction

The characteristics of post-modernism Post-modernist thinkers argue that the late-20th century society progressed into a post-modern age which is characterised by: * Changes in the nature of work (e.g. more flexible working practices) * The globalisation of both production and consumption * The shrinking of space and time because of developments in communication networks like the internet, e-mail and satellite television * The loss of faith in science as seen in the rise of environmental politics * The emphasis on consumption of information * The emphasis on style and conspicuous consumption * Cultural diversity and pluralism in a range of social contexts e.g. the family, media, youth culture, etc. Characteristics of postmodernity have been identified in terms of work, culture, identity, globalisation and knowledge. Work Much of the economic activity is dominated by tertiary production i.e. service based jobs. Lincoln is becoming a microcosm which means that it's broadly representative of the UK economic trends. Retail has greatly expanded, hence the saying 'shop till you drop'. We are all consumers and shopping has become a form of 'modern religion'. With the expansion of the university in Lincoln, the pubs and clubs scene has widely expanded. ...read more.

Middle

Lifestyle is also shaped by TV programmes and celebrities and is image. In the post-modern world there is an increase in styles in society with music, fashion, gardens, cars and houses meaning that no one is the same and there are many more choices you can make in your life making everyone different. This means there is no one culture or style, everyone is different. Identity Identity in society today is much more fluid with people being able to choose what they want to be. Looks and personality can be changed, for example, Madonna constantly changes her image and style of music to match the time's crazes. In Post-modern society we are constantly influenced by what we see both on TV and in magazines, what we read and how others look e.g. everyone is trying to become as skinny as the celebrities and copy their fashions. However, these days we celebrate difference. Although everyone wants to be skinny and fashionable they don't want to look the same. They all want to be better than each other and it's seen as good to be different in society and not to blend in with the crowd. ...read more.

Conclusion

it is a lot more difficult to explain using sociological theories. There is a growing cynicism about science which is opposite to positivism and modernity which stress how science can answer many questions. E.g. conventional medicine can't provide all the answers. This means that science can't either. This is leading to an increase in alternative therapies such as herbal remedies. Another example is international terrorism. Science hasn't provided security and answers; it has made society even more fragile and destructive and given additional problems due to the invention of bombs and nuclear weapons. One final issue about knowledge is relativity. This means that there is no one theory which can give you the absolute truth. These changes mean that how we think and how we use knowledge have also changed. Society has become disillusioned with 'big ideas' that claimed to have all the answers because these in reality only created more problems. In a rapidly changing and fragmented world, no theory can lay claim to the truth because of the sheer diversity of experience, institutions and contexts that exist in the world today. Post-modern theories, on the other hand, point out that there are competing theories, many of which will have something valid to offer about the nature of post-modern society. As was said in Doctor Who, 'It's a massive universe, but a small world!' ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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