• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Value of Non-custodial/community Sentences Over Imprisonment.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sentencing The Value of Non-custodial/community Sentences Over Imprisonment When we think of punishing criminals most of us have a visualisation of tall, barbed wire capped walls, imposing grey buildings and big steel gates. We may have an image of pool tables and televisions, day visits to local towns and even view gaol as a state funded criminals' college, a place where a minor criminal can learn the tricks and leave as a criminal heavy weight. Perhaps criminals themselves only see gaol as an annoyance and not a deterrent. But is it really a soft option? Would the passing of a community sentence provide a better form of punishment and would that be enough to satiate the angry masses, fed up with crime? To better understand the role of prisons and the part community sentencing plays in the punishment and rehabilitation of criminals, we need to look at each one on its own merits. I found this definition of custody on the internet: Custody n 1: a state of confinement (usually for a short time; "the prisoner is on hold"; "he is in the custody of police") ...read more.

Middle

For men and women like him there must be a better option for punishment and rehabilitation, a better deterrent. If we as society want retribution and reform then we may feel let down by Pauls' attitude towards the custodial sentence and will need to look towards other ways of punishment that serve to deal with the offender in a way that will both make us happy justice has been done and prevent the criminal from re-offending. We may then turn to alternative methods of punishment such as community sentencing. There are six types of community sentence; * Community rehabilitation order * Community punishment order * Community Punishment and Rehabilitation Order * Curfew order * Attendance centre order * Supervision order These are given out by sentencers for varying degrees of crime i.e. community rehabilitation order (community service) may be given instead of a prison sentence but failure to attend will mean a spell in prison is inevitable. All of the above are not exclusive and can be, and are, used in conjunction with custodial sentences. ...read more.

Conclusion

However by employing guards to look after, cajole and force offenders into complying with community sentence orders, we are incurring both extra cost and imposing a custodial feel to what was meant to be a non-custodial punishment. Does this extra cost incurred match or come close to the cost of a gaol sentence? And does the purpose of a community sentence, i.e. reform and reintegration into society without the stigma or malaise that is associated with custodial sentencing, become lost once custodial restrictions are imposed? In closing it is my belief that there are merits for both types of sentence, dependant on effectiveness in each specific case. What is good for the goose is not necessarily as good for the gander and what may work in one situation may not be as effective, or even work at all, in another. Sentencing has, is and always will be defined by society's needs and wants at the time, and the justification of specific sentencing will be based on the perceived effectiveness it holds. Also the two types of sentence, custodial and community, are not mutually exclusive and do converge to provide a positively balanced form of punishment. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Punishment and Prisons. This essay shall describe the changes in the methods of punishment ...

    'observers' at the time and place of executions (Wikipedia); and so executions were soon carried out privately instead. Furthermore the recognition that violent punishment in turn increased violent behaviour may have contributed to the change to more 'civilised' forms of punishment.

  2. Studies of the effectiveness of punishments often use reconviction rates as a measurement of ...

    Under the supervision of professionals they learn basic motor mechanic skills while preparing donated cars for banger races (Wilson and Ashton, 1998). Other schemes involve learning a trade such as decorating or joinery. Schemes are also designed to put offenders in contact with disadvantaged people such as the disabled or elderly (Davis Croall, Tyrer, 1998).

  1. A Failing Justice System

    I am very sorry." on the trial of a church deacon who harbored illegal immigrants "unwittingly" in Singapore (Chong). As a result, in my opinion, this tragicomic scenario should be changed by reforms in the criminal justice system. Additionally, some laws are so complex that judges hardly understand them, but

  2. 'Crime is both deterred and prevented by the use of imprisonment.' Discuss

    This theory can be associated with the 'orthodox Marxist' tradition where systems of punishment are used to manipulate and maintain a cheap and reliable labour system. The prison system was undergoing significant changes that would reform the offender, therefore prevent them from further offending.

  1. Identify five sentences that are available to the courts.

    During this time the offender must attend regular meetings so their progress can be monitored and to check that they are not a risk to the public. If the offender fails to comply with the order they will be re-sentenced.

  2. Which is more effective - punishment by imprisonment or with in the community?

    It has been calculated that over a quarter of offenders serving Community Sentences will have re-offended at least once by the time an offender has served an average length sentence. The majority of offences are minor ones. For offenders who present a risk of serious harm, prison is quite properly used.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work