• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

30th October - 24th November 1914. First Battle of Ypres.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

30th October - 24th November 1914. First Battle of Ypres. As the 'Race to the Sea' drew to a close, the British made one last attempt to turn the Germans' northern flank. An advance between La Bass�e and Armenti�res on 12 October made good progress initially but was soon opposed by eight newly formed infantry divisions (the Fourth Army, under Duke Albrecht of W�rttemberg). The British fell back to prepared positions and their accurate firepower brought the enemy action to an end. By the time the Battle of Ypres began a few days later the formation of a line running from Switzerland to the Channel had been completed. The subsequent autumn fighting in Flanders extended from the sea at Nieuport to the La Bass�e canal, almost 45 miles away in a direct line. ...read more.

Middle

The Belgians put up much stronger resistance than had been expected but could not hold their position. They fell back to the Dixmunde-Nieuport railway line as the Germans crossed the Yser on 24 October. Further progress was brought to a halt when, five days later, the Belgians opened the sluices at Nieuport and let in the sea in front of them. Elsewhere on the line to La Bass�e the British and French maintained their positions. The German action was renewed on 30 October on a smaller scale on the front from Gheluvelt, five miles to the east of Ypres, to the Messines Ridge. To the north of this line, where I Corps (Haig) was positioned, the situation was very uncertain for a time and at Gheluvelt itself the Germans broke through, although they were soon driven out again. ...read more.

Conclusion

The centre of the attack was astride the Menin Road, with Ypres itself being the principle objective. South of the road the British successfully withstood the continuous German attacks, but to the north they broke through. Fortunately the Germans hesitated at this critical point even though there was nothing infront of them apart from a line of British guns. A counter-attack by an improvised force, which included cooks and batmen, was a success and Ypres, a symbol of Allied resistance, was saved. Although the crisis was over, fighting continued until 24 November, the last day of the Battle of Ypres. Casualties were severe on both sides with the loss of irreplaceable professional manpower. The British suffered losses of 50,000 men killed of wounded; the French and Germans casualties were much higher. As the fighting subsided, open combat was replaced by the trench, which dominated the Western Front until 1918. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE War Poetry essays

  1. The Battle of Passchendaele (The Third Battle of Ypres)

    At the same time Headquarters knew that due to the quality of the German defences, they would need to have a series of huge, carefully planned attacks. During the meetings, Gough failed to pay attention to the information about the Gheluvelt plateau, the key to the German defences.

  2. War at Sea.

    One of the first ships to be destroyed is Admiral Hood's flagship the Invincible that is blow apart by the Derflinger and Lutzow at a range of 10,500 yards. Admiral Sheer, commander of the German fleet decides to turn away from the British and escape but Jellicoe is quick to respond and tries to cut off the Germans again.

  1. Pre 1914 War Poetry - The Drum and Drummer Hodge analysed.

    The vocabulary used makes war seem quite superficial; 'tawdry' suggests that it's not special, in fact quite cheap and gaudy. 'To sell their liberty' is a strong phrase, implying losing ones freedom, but repeats the idea that war is relentless, inescapable, only a death trap.

  2. The popular myth of the Battle of Britain quickly emerged during the early part ...

    from Nazism and that the end part of the war, when the outcome was know it was 'their finest hour'. Part 2 Why have later interpretations of the battle of Britain not always followed the popular myth? Towards the end and after the battle of Britain the outcome of the battle was known-the British have won.

  1. The Battle of Britain

    Dowding, Chief of Fighter Command, Keith Park, Commander of the South East region and Leigh- Mallory commander of the region north of London simply outweighed the leadership of Goring and Hitler for Germany. The leadership factor is mentioned in Interpretation 7 an article printed in the Daily Graphic, 1944 when it was clear the allies were going to win.

  2. The Battle of Britain.

    The main reason for him to write this interpretation was because he was terribly injured and was trying to justify his injuries, and also he was trying to come to terms with what he had experienced. This was written at a time when the outcome of the war was not

  1. Vimy Ridge: The Battle of a Nation

    The First Division pushed through enemy lines towards the Black line objective and after some resistance, their position was secured at 6:15am. Retreating to the Farbus Woods, the Germans had given up their front line positions to the First Division.

  2. Britain and the Western Front.

    the heavy weight held back the offensive, causing a mass murder crisis on the first day of battle. A diary entry written by Sir Douglas Haig himself, explains the morale of the British soldiers before the battle, illustrating a mood of sure success and superior movement of the offensive attack, which the soldiers had been instructed to complete.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work