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Animal Farm by George Orwell - Educations and Learning.

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Introduction

Educations and Learning There is a proverbial, saying that 'knowledge is power'. The pigs are clearly the most intelligent animals on the farms and soon take control, of running the farm. They are able to do so as they have taught themselves to read and write. Initially they support the revolution by spreading it to the other animals. As most of the farms animals cannot remember Majors speech and his ideas clearly, the pigs simplify them into slogans or commandments. Snowball tries to teach the other animals to read and write. Increasingly however, the pigs take advantage of them instead of actually leading and helping the creatures. The gulf between the ideal of the revolution, what the pigs pretend they are doing and the reality of the situation becomes increasingly widened. The role of education is an important one. The pigs are eventually able to dominate the animals. The pigs acquire much of their learning as they can read and write with the knowledge's they acquire, are able to achieve and hold power over the other animals. Snowball is able to prepare for Jones attack as he has read a book of Caesars campaigns and is full of ideas for 'innovations and improvements' (pg. 30) that he has learnt from reading copies of the farmer and stockbroker. ...read more.

Middle

Two legs bad', this simplification can lead to a loss of meaning and become dangerous as we see when the sheep use the chant to drown any opposition to Napoleon in the meetings. Propaganda (the deliberate and organised spread of information to make sure that people unquestionably believe) It is also used to refer to the information itself. Propaganda is not in itself good or bad. It depends on the purposes to which it is put and on who the audience are and what the y believes) is a method of convincing others of the truth of your arguments. The propagandist is clearly presented in this book by the figure of Squealer. We can agree with Orwell that he turns black into white - we see him do it. He invents questionable scientific evidence to convince the animals that the pigs should have the apples, reads out lists of statistics that have been forged and tells them of written evidence, which he never produces, to prove that Snowball is in league with Jones, knowing very well that the animals cannot read. The propagandist uses several weapons. A selective use of the truth is apparent when Squealer tells the other animals that milk is good for the pigs in Chapter 3. Therefore, it is, but it is also good for other animals on the farm such as the hens. ...read more.

Conclusion

The placing of the speech at the start of novel, means that the reader shares the animals enthusiasm for the vision of the future and becomes progressively more disappointed as the novel continues and we see those ideals destroyed: we are told several times that the animals work like 'slaves'. The repetition of 'Beasts of England' at the end of Chapter 7 shows its decline from a strong with a hopeful vision of the future to a subversive and illegal anthem. The recurrent appearance of the menacing dogs also ensures that the reader never forgets the terror and violence that underpins Napoleons rule: the sheep's mindless and repetitive bleating is used in a similar way. Each time one of these elements is reintroduced into the novel a further pint about the destruction of the revolution is made. In a similar way, the repeated breaking of the Commandment and the animals continual checking of the wall makes clear to the reader, the gradual distortion of Majors ideals until we reach the shocking climax, in which all pretence of following the Commandments is abandoned by the pigs, in favour of open terror and oppression, signified by the whips. The structure of Animal Farm helps to clarify the theme of the betrayed revolution by showing the reader in several stages, through the repetition of certain key images and phrases, how the pigs pervert Majors rules. ...read more.

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