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GCSE: Arthur Miller
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What did Parris actually see going on in the forest? Parris saw his niece and daughter dancing in the forest like heathen around a fire. 6. What is Abigail's explanation for leaving the Proctors' service for finding no work since? Abigail explains that the reason she's got no work after leaving Proctor's service is because all employers really want are slaves and she will not stand for being a slave. 7. What is Ruth Putnam's condition? Ruth Putnam's condition is excited, and some what happy that these girls may turn out to be witches.
- Word count: 791
Joe Keller is a tragic hero, who has many qualities and one flaw.In the play 'All My Sons', Arthur Miller creates the character Joe Keller3 star(s)
Joe seems to be an ordinary person, though in the play he represents a man of 'class'. Joe is a very ordinary man, decent, hard-working, self-made and charitable, a man that no normal person could dislike. But, like the tragic heroes in the ancient Greek dramas, he has a flaw or weakness. This flaw causes him to act wrongly in a situation. He is then forced to accept responsibility for the mistake he made with the cylinder heads. His suicide is necessary to restore the moral order of the universe, and allow his son, Chris, to live free from guilt.
- Word count: 785
She also takes his coat off, and offers him an aspirin to make him feel better. Linda always refers to Willy as 'darling' and 'dear' and Willy refers to her as 'pal' and 'sweetheart'. These are the only times in the play that they refer to anybody informally and playfully. This demonstrates how much they mean to each other. When Willy doubts his abilities, she encourages him saying, 'maybe you'll do better next week,' and, 'maybe you should tell him.' When he is insecure about his physical appearance she reassures him saying, 'Willy, you're the handsomest man in the world.'
- Word count: 956
The original title for Miller's play was 'The Inside of His Head'. How does Miller's use of set, lighting and stage direction help us to understand this idea?3 star(s)
Miller uses symbolism, set, lighting and stage direction to help us to understand what is happening inside Willy's head. One of the several symbols that give us an insight into Willy's thoughts is the athletic trophy. It is placed on a shelf in the sitting room where it can be clearly seen; this demonstrates how important it is to the family. This importance then in turn shows that winning and competition are key ideas here and that this part of the American Dream is important to Willy and he prizes the achievements his son made as they show him as being superior to other people, which is what Willy is always striving to achieve, particularly in regards to Charly.
- Word count: 806
Human Motivation in the Crucible. Abigail, Thomas Putnam, and Reverend Parris are among those who take advantage of the witch trials and each of them has underlying reasons for their action in the play.
Before the incidents in Act 1, Abigail drinks a charm to kill Elizabeth Proctor. Yet she blames Tituba for the witchcraft because she fears punishment for dancing in the woods, an activity greatly forbidden in a Puritan society. She quickly becomes the main accuser of the witch trials and adroitly manipulates other girls as well as the entire town into believing her lies. Taking advantage of the situation, she accuses Elizabeth Proctor of witchcraft, and does this because of her jealousy and lust for revenge.
- Word count: 874
John Proctors Thoughts after his day at Reverend Parris House. John Proctors Thoughts before his Death
I am too soft on Abigail. Elizabeth does not deserve those foul words coming out of her mouth! This prodigious sin of mine has kept me from being the respectful and loyal husband my wife deserves. Salem is blinded from my dark secret, that I am nothing but pretense. And the incidents in Salem I will not consider lightly. In all my years I have never seen the town so ridden by talk of witchcraft. I doubt Betty and Ruth are ailed by charms. There is no devil walking loose in Salem and attacking whoever he pleases. The Putnam's and Parris ought listen to Rebecca's sensible reasoning, God bless her at this time of worry.
- Word count: 930
Death of a Salesman. Nothings planted. I don't have a thing in the ground. Was Willy just talking about planting a garden?
Gardening brings fertility to the futility of Willy's life. He now realises that he has no tangible proof of his life's work. "Tell me - is there a seed store in the neighbourhood?" shows the urgency in his life to achieve something with his life. The seed symbolises Willy's failure in other ways as well.
- Word count: 426
For Alfieri, the inevitability of the tragedy resides in its being outside of the law. When Eddie comes to ask his advice, he says: "His eyes were like tunnels; my first thought was that he had committed a crime". The tunnel vision Alfieri describes is, in itself, a metaphor for the tragic arc of the play's action. There is only one route you can take in a tunnel, only one place you can exit. That Eddie hasn't committed a crime only compounds the moral problems; Alfieri replies to Eddie's comments that "All the law is not in a book": "Yes in a book.
- Word count: 882
I could only hear the accelerated speed at which my heart was beating. I have never felt like this since I was in high school, when I tried out for the school cross country team. My legs became stiffer than they were before. I bit my tongue and drew back a breath; relieving myself of the pain I could feel riding up the sides of my legs. The pain then became too much for myself to handle, I bit my tongue harder and harder as the pain got worse. Suddenly the pain was gone and the feeling of relief over whelmed me.
- Word count: 771
This is a typical Sicilian stereotype - that the man should be head of house. At this stage of the play, Miller creates the impression that Eddie is a loyal Sicilian and abides by the typical 'Mafia rules'. When Marco and Rodolfo arrive, Eddie begins to become more hostile, as he is afraid that he will be challenged for his role of 'head of house'. Eddie attempts to fend off this invisible threat by showing aggression towards Rodolfo when he sings - 'Hey, kid, wait a minute-'. This incident is the trigger of competition between Rodolfo, Eddie and Marco. We see this as there is a tense moment after Eddie tells Rodolfo to stop singing.
- Word count: 811
Discuss the techniques that Arthur Miller uses to create dramatic tension in Acts 1&2 of "All My Sons"?
American regular back yard, (this is done so the audience can relate and empathise with the characters and there are a lot more things in the play a lot of the audience can also relate to) its the family back garden which is an open space is half private yet shared with their neighbours "the back yard of the Keller house in the outskirts of an American town" This creates a very ordinary sense of a families back garden, however there is an undercurrent of unease as "the stage is hedged from right to left by tall, closely planted poplars which lend the yard a secluded atmosphere"(P.3)
- Word count: 910
The old and new worlds are codified in the immigrant-son Alfieri. He also frames the play as a form of a modern fairy tale. Alfieri is a lawyer and he respects the law. In his first monologue, he tells the audience, "Now we are quite civilized, quite American. Now we settle for half, and I like it better". When he says "settle for half" he means that the community of Red Hook rarely resolves its feuds with violence anymore. Now they compromise and rely on the law.
- Word count: 559
Further tension in the first part of act one is created by Catherine telling Beatrice and Eddie that she has found a job. At first, Eddie argues against her, but in the end Beatrice and Catherine manage to persuade him. After this, when Marco and Rodolpho arrive, more tension is created, this time between Eddie and Rodolpho. This is because Catherine is obviously attracted to Rodolpho, and due to this, Eddie becomes very jealous of Rodolpho.Eddie does not like Rodolpho's rendition of "Paper Doll", due to the fact that he thinks Rodolpho is stealing her away from him.
- Word count: 844
It is known that Arthur Miller wrote this story as a reaction to a tragic time in our history. In both situations people were accused and were found guilty with not much proof. You would think that the judges would dismiss a case when there wasn't much proof. In The Crucible the children were not acting normal and that scared everyone in the community. During McCarthyism there was thousands of Americans accused of being communists, and there were aggressive investigations and people were being questioned left and right from different groups and the government.
- Word count: 450
Holden developed this theory from his experience with Allie's death. When Allie died his physical form was not around anymore, so to Holden he disappeared. "Allie, don't let me disappear. Please, Allie". In Holden's own words he unconsciously admits that he associates death with disappearance. When he is crossing the street and feels he is going to die he asks Allie not to let him disappear, meaning not to let him die. This is why Holden is so determined to find out "where the ducks go" when they disappear, and return in the spring.
- Word count: 845
As he explains, when he came home from jail he was like an expert on the "whole jail thing" and, over time, the children "got it confused and... [he] ended up a detective"(29). Or, more clearly, he went from being the bad guy to being the good guy. In Keller's mind, he was the good guy because he saved his family from being poor and having their reputations in the gutter. He says to his wife, "you wanted money, so I made money"(76).
- Word count: 986
He rationalizes, "Even though it was Sunday and Phoebe wouldn't be there with her class or anything, and even though it was so damp and lousy out, I walked all the way through the park over to the Museum of Natural History." Holden views the museum as a refuge and preserver of childhood innocence. The museum is a landmark that is momentous in Holden's memory of his own childhood. He reminisces, "I get very happy when I think about it.
- Word count: 796
The View from a Bridge. How does Eddies and Catherines relationship development throughout the play?
When Rodolfo arrives in the Carbone home, Catherine is instantly drawn to him, which takes her attention away from Eddie, and then results a rivalry between Eddie and Rodolfo to win over Catherine. Catherine's attraction towards Rodolfo makes Eddie jealous which then leads him to disapprove of Rodolfo. This is shown when Eddie says 'hat's a nice kid? He gives me the heebie-jeebies' This illustrates that Eddie doesn't like Rodolfo, because Rodolfo is putting himself towards Catherine, and is threaten by Rodolfo.
- Word count: 931
The opening of act one starts with locating the stage's scene, one key factor to this is a foghorn that Miller uses to make it clear that it is set near the docks it also helps set the mood of danger ahead. Also in act one Miller uses minimal props so the audience can focus more on the play that being distracted by various objects, and the only props that are used provide a key element to the play. Miller also has it set that the curtain never closes so that the audience can keep concentrating on the story instead of getting distracted; this also helps the audience feel part of the play.
- Word count: 770
How does Miller make vivid the triumph of superstition over reason and common sense in 'The Crucible'?
However, she converts to Proctor's side and in court says "It were pretence, sir" to Danforth. She tries to save Proctor by turning in the girls and admitting that Abigail had been telling lies. This comes to no avail and then Abigail, with the other girls, puts on an act and starts copying Mary Warren as if Mary had bewitched her. Mary gives in and turns on Proctor saying "You're the Devil's Man!" Mary tried to have reason and common sense by defying the girls but the way she gave in to their act of hysteria shows how superstition triumphs over reason and common sense.
- Word count: 551
Other reasons included jealousy, especially of Proctor who in his presence "a fool felt his foolishness instantly". As well as this there was his duty as a Reverend First we know Parris was very greedy because he wanted things like "golden candle sticks" on his preaching altar, even though his church is Puritan and therefore meant to be very simple "their creed forbade anything resembling a theatre or 'vain enjoyment'". This may also have been a motivation for supporting the witch trials because the land of people like John Proctor would have been seized after he was hung.
- Word count: 960
Manliness, Hostility and Aggression, plays a huge role within the drama as this is a summed up explanation of how Eddie was and the emotions he brought to the drama.
The main character throughout the play is 'Eddie Carbone' which is the man of the house, who lives with his wife and her orphaned niece. 'Eddie' demands respect from the whole household as it is a duty to serve the man of the house, but this all changes in his eyes when he allows his wives cousins to come from Italy as Illegal Immigrates and give them work to make a proper living. 'Manliness', 'Hostility' and 'Aggression', plays a huge role within the drama as this is a summed up explanation of how 'Eddie' was and the emotions he brought to the drama.
- Word count: 947
The Play the Crucible is set in New England, a melting pot in which peoples characters are put to the ultimate test.
Betty, Parris's daughter, is not waking up, "will you wake, will you open your eyes?" Paris saw the girls dancing naked in the woods. This line is significant as it allows Miller to get into the readers mind and makes them think a million thoughts at once. The reader knows that Paris saw the girls dancing, but now he/she is thinking could the dancing have anything to do with her not waking up, is Paris blaming himself for this because he saw what was going on and didn't stop it before the spell was cast on Elizabeth, which is not known at this point of the novel.
- Word count: 766
His father at this time was a women's clothing manufacturer and his mother was a school teacher. These jobs were enough to sustain Miller's family until the Stock Market crash which happened in 1929. This major favor led to the Great Depression and Miller's family eventually ended up in poverty. After high school and before college, Miller worked at places like at an auto parts warehouse and delivered baked goods in order to pay for college. Miller eventually enrolled in the University of Michigan in 1934. In 1936 He wrote his first play, No Villian, and won the Hopwood Award in drama.
- Word count: 769
Eddie Carbone character sketch. I will be analysing Eddie Carbones character whilst occasionally making comments on the language and Arthur Millers skills as a dramatist.
Eddie is portrayed as generous, but at the same time selfish and self-protective. This is since, although he is generous to offer his home to two of his wife's cousins, Marco and Rodolfo, he believes he is Superior. This is shown as he reminds Beatrice not to offer them his bed and he is very jealous of anyone that gets too close to Catherine. This jealousy also adds to his hardship in accepting Rodolfo and Catherine's relationship, another reason to this envy is his over-protective nature.
- Word count: 763