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GCSE: Arthur Miller
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At the right there is a forestage and a desk. This is Alfieri's law office. There is also a telephone booth. Alfieri gives us a broader outlook on our setting. He says, "this is Red Hook ... this is the slum that faces the bay on the seaward side of Brooklyn Bridge. This is the gullet of New York swallowing the tonnage of the world". We're in a hard core neighbourhood, where people work everyday on the waterfront. People don't have a lot of creature comforts here. They have their families and they have work, hard work.
- Word count: 2932
The View from a Bridge. How does Eddies and Catherines relationship development throughout the play?
When Rodolfo arrives in the Carbone home, Catherine is instantly drawn to him, which takes her attention away from Eddie, and then results a rivalry between Eddie and Rodolfo to win over Catherine. Catherine's attraction towards Rodolfo makes Eddie jealous which then leads him to disapprove of Rodolfo. This is shown when Eddie says 'hat's a nice kid? He gives me the heebie-jeebies' This illustrates that Eddie doesn't like Rodolfo, because Rodolfo is putting himself towards Catherine, and is threaten by Rodolfo.
- Word count: 931
The opening of act one starts with locating the stage's scene, one key factor to this is a foghorn that Miller uses to make it clear that it is set near the docks it also helps set the mood of danger ahead. Also in act one Miller uses minimal props so the audience can focus more on the play that being distracted by various objects, and the only props that are used provide a key element to the play. Miller also has it set that the curtain never closes so that the audience can keep concentrating on the story instead of getting distracted; this also helps the audience feel part of the play.
- Word count: 770
Using both Act 2 and Act 4, explore the relationship between John and Elizabeth. Outline how the relationship develops in relation to the wider events of The Crucible
I think not.", and eventually incited the accusations of witchcraft in desperate pursuit of vengeance, "But it is a whore's vengeance, and you must see it". John and Abigail's opinion of their relationship differ vastly; Abigail truly loves John and feels they have a special bond because John "put knowledge in [Abigail's] heart"; this is a euphemism for John taking Abigail's virginity- something which was extremely precious in puritan towns like Salem, due to the Christian values of chastity and purity.
- Word count: 3577
How does Miller make vivid the triumph of superstition over reason and common sense in 'The Crucible'?
However, she converts to Proctor's side and in court says "It were pretence, sir" to Danforth. She tries to save Proctor by turning in the girls and admitting that Abigail had been telling lies. This comes to no avail and then Abigail, with the other girls, puts on an act and starts copying Mary Warren as if Mary had bewitched her. Mary gives in and turns on Proctor saying "You're the Devil's Man!" Mary tried to have reason and common sense by defying the girls but the way she gave in to their act of hysteria shows how superstition triumphs over reason and common sense.
- Word count: 551
With the presence of 'There is also a telephone booth. This is not used until the last scenes so it may be covered or left in view', it shows isolation from the set of the home and can represent the isolation of the Carbone family from the rest of the community. The fact that it is not used until the last scenes, suggests that some event will take place that results in someone from the family making a call to the outside world. The fact that Miller has 'Ramps, representing the street', signifies the Italian community as a whole, and again showing the family connection to the rest of the community who live around them.
- Word count: 2110
Following this, Eddie comments on the way Catherine walks and that it could be attracting too much male attention. He goes onto say that he could tell her stuff she wouldn't like, about Louis, a dock worker that she waves to. Her reply; 'I wish there was one guy you couldn't tell me something about.' indicate that this is how Eddie normally acts, which does seem over protective. Later on in the scene Beatrice is introduced. At this point the job Catherine's been offered is announced. Eddies reaction is quick 'What job, she's going to finish school.' Instantly Eddie has decided that it's a bad idea, and says no as if it's his decision to make, even though Catherine is 17.
- Word count: 1047
Near the beginning there is a small argument related to Catherine receiving a job. He is extremely overprotective of Catherine, whom he has brought up as if she were his own daughter. He paid for her typing lessons and had ambitions for her to rise to a different class. He is proud of her looks, yet concerned that she will attract the attention of men and is concerned about her new job. He finds it hard to admit that she has become a woman thinking that she "would never grow up". Eddie's obsessive nature for Catherine is shown in many points of the play, especially in regards to Rodolfo.
- Word count: 1970
The Crucible as a piece of drama is structurally flawed. It reaches a climax is the trial scene and subsequently loses momentum. Discuss.
The start of the injustices in Act 3 begins with Martha Corey's trial in the court. We hear Martha saying: "I know not what a witch is" and for that reason she should be released. However, the judges continue to interrogate Martha until Giles' outburst, he claims that he has "evidence for the court." Instead of listening to him, Danforth cries out: "Arrest him, Excellency." This could suggest to us that, even though the court knows the truth, they do not want to hear it. If they did they would be admitting that they were wrong to hang people for witchcraft and so it will spoil the credibility of further court trials.
- Word count: 2624
This sounds like a bad thing but as I will explain this is not 100% the case. Proctor is only an outcast as he is the only one not admitting to witchcraft in Salem, this is shown when he says: "I never spoke of witches one way or another" This shows that he dislikes the talk of witchcraft and hell. I believe he is stubborn, I can prove that he is by when he says: [after being confronted about the church burning in hell] "Can you not speak one minute without we land in Hell again? I am sick of Hell!"
- Word count: 1307
(Miller 73) With this statement, it is clear the Crucible studies the abuse of power and manipulation very closely. Danforth demonstrates an abuse of power, dominating the court by their fear of being accused of witchcraft, or of being condemned for contempt of the court. He bullies them into confessing, threatening them with death or jailing if they don't. When faced with an honest man, Giles Corey, who won't give up a name as to not jail his source, Danforth attempts to scare it out of him, menacing him by saying he "[has] no choice but to arrest [him] for contempt of this court," (90)
- Word count: 1740
As John enters the living room, he "halts" as he hears Elizabeth singing. Miller may have added this "halts" because John is not knowing what to expect Elizabeth to be like with him because of the unsaid words that still lie between them about John's affair with Abigail, or because he is enjoying listening to Elizabeth's singing. John could also be worried that Elizabeth may question his whereabouts of that afternoon because he is late returning home. Elizabeth's first words are, "What keeps you so late?"
- Word count: 1909
This also happened in McCarthyism, if you accused someone else, you got a lighter sentence. This parallel with McCarthyism would have evoked great emotions at the time the play was first performed. The second parallel is the way the court would be more lenient if people pleaded guilty. This is shown at the beginning of Act Two when Elizabeth says 'The deputy governor promise hangin' if they'll not confess'. This not only evokes emotion because innocent people were not given a fair trial but at the time the play was first performed would have been seen as a parallel to McCarthy's trials where if people did not confess under little or no evidence they would face a greater punishment.
- Word count: 1964
Other reasons included jealousy, especially of Proctor who in his presence "a fool felt his foolishness instantly". As well as this there was his duty as a Reverend First we know Parris was very greedy because he wanted things like "golden candle sticks" on his preaching altar, even though his church is Puritan and therefore meant to be very simple "their creed forbade anything resembling a theatre or 'vain enjoyment'". This may also have been a motivation for supporting the witch trials because the land of people like John Proctor would have been seized after he was hung.
- Word count: 960
Analyse the ways in which the themes of intimidation and persecution are presented in "The Crucible".
There were many puritans who blamed the devil and often blamed people of devil worshiping if they took part in sinful activities such as dancing. Many people were accused of being a witch with no evidence; nineteen people and two dogs were convicted and hanged. One man was crushed to death as he refused to admit he was a witch. To avoid being accused of being a witch they said that there neighbour. The girls felt better and the hysteria died down.
- Word count: 1704
Manliness, Hostility and Aggression, plays a huge role within the drama as this is a summed up explanation of how Eddie was and the emotions he brought to the drama.
The main character throughout the play is 'Eddie Carbone' which is the man of the house, who lives with his wife and her orphaned niece. 'Eddie' demands respect from the whole household as it is a duty to serve the man of the house, but this all changes in his eyes when he allows his wives cousins to come from Italy as Illegal Immigrates and give them work to make a proper living. 'Manliness', 'Hostility' and 'Aggression', plays a huge role within the drama as this is a summed up explanation of how 'Eddie' was and the emotions he brought to the drama.
- Word count: 947
Explore and analyse the ways in which miller presents ideas of manliness, hostility and aggression in A view from the Bridge
This caused the effect of how they were back then. For example they lived in slums, which was "entirely unromantic" (page 12). It wasn't a place where people thought to be romantic place. People also used to say if you "meet a lawyer or a priest on the street is unlucky" (page 12) obviously meeting a lawyer or a priest creates a bad vibe around people as they were seen as representing disaster. Manliness is evidently seemed to be a very big part of Eddie, especially when it involves his pride or ego.
- Word count: 3539
Upon arriving at Omaha Beach Captain Miller was faced with many problems. The Germans were awaiting the arrival of the American forces and attacked the ships landing on the beach before the troops were even able to exit the boats. Scene 1 gradually introduces us into the film with the images of the elderly man, impatiently approaching the river of white graves and collapses on one knee in front of one of the graves as he is overcome with emotion.
- Word count: 2074
Diverse Cultures: A View From The Bridge-How is justice important in the world of the play? What moral does Arthur Miller intend us to take?
For instance if "a case of scotch whiskey [slips] from a net while being unloaded" there are no recompenses paid, the dock owner is slowly losing money and it is in this way with people in the impoverished area resorting to crime that the people of the area are victimized by each other indirectly, meaning poverty is worsened and the government has a tighter grip on them. However if a crime occurs that will adversely affect the government and its attempts to control them for example by a policeman being killed, illegal immigration (which will take money out of the economy)
- Word count: 1907
"A chorus is also needed in a Greek tragedy, The chorus explains and narrates the plot" The chorus in the play is Alfieri as he is the commentator, he sets the scenes dramatically and also informs you what is going to happen in the upcoming scene/section. "The protagonist is essentially good but his/her fate is sealed by a central flaws in character" This is briefly reflected towards Eddie, as he was loving caring and protective over Catherine to start of with.
- Word count: 2548
Discuss the importance of stage directions in A View from the bridge and what they reveal to the audience about the character of Eddie Carbone.
This gives us a better understanding of how Miller wanted it to be performed as the stage directions are so specific. Eddie Carbone, the protagonist of the play, follows the rules of the Sicilian code of conduct very strongly. People who follow the Sicilian Code of conduct believe that men should be in charge of the house, they are the people in the house who lay down the rules and are very protective of members of the family but they are also the ones who provide for the people in their family.
- Word count: 2290
How does Arthur Miller portray the emotions of fear, superstition and revenge in the play The Crucible?
Why was she doing that and I heard a screeching and gibberish coming from her mouth" (page 8) Parris is confused about what is happening but is prepared to accept that Tituba is at fault because she seemed an easy target because of her background, religion, culture and just because she is different. Tituba's differences allow more fear to be created as people in the period held religion highly and she came from another country where rituals were often used creating a sense of mystery. Tituba's background makes it easy for her to be a scapegoat as slaves were considered inferior; "Let them send to Barbados for that. I will not black my face for any of them!"
- Word count: 1595
'The Crucible'. Miller wrote The Crucible as a response to McCarthyism; when the US government blacklisted accused communists.
Associated with 'The Reds Under The Beds'-a slogan used and created by the Americans to scare people into believing that 'The Reds' or 'The Russians' were bad people and that they were their enemies. In both of these events, several individuals or groups of people chose to make claims of disloyalty, treachery, and blasphemy without regards for gathering sufficient or reliable evidence and considering the consequences of possibly false accusations. While no one in the McCarthy era was sentenced to death, some people were imprisoned and many careers and lives were ruined from suspicion and paranoia.
- Word count: 1537
The Play the Crucible is set in New England, a melting pot in which peoples characters are put to the ultimate test.
Betty, Parris's daughter, is not waking up, "will you wake, will you open your eyes?" Paris saw the girls dancing naked in the woods. This line is significant as it allows Miller to get into the readers mind and makes them think a million thoughts at once. The reader knows that Paris saw the girls dancing, but now he/she is thinking could the dancing have anything to do with her not waking up, is Paris blaming himself for this because he saw what was going on and didn't stop it before the spell was cast on Elizabeth, which is not known at this point of the novel.
- Word count: 766
Miller has done this to make the audience feel sorry for him but over the course of the play this changes greatly and the true nature of Parris is revealed. However, Hale comes across very different than this at first. Miller tries to make the audience think that Hale is a highly skilled individual with power and authority who will have a big impact and sort out the people's problems. Miller makes this clear with examples like "He feels himself allied with the best minds in Europe" and he says those of "Kings, Philosophers, scientists and ecclesiasts of all churches" Another example is the use of words like "intellectual, respectable, and eager".
- Word count: 1617