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GCSE: A Midsummer Night's Dream
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Puck. In this essay, I will be focusing on Pucks character and how he is amusing, mischievous and popular.
It also gives you an idea of what the events are. "And those things do best please me that befall preposterously". During the play puck finds the events that take place astonishingly humorous. It shows that he finds the incident comical because in the text it quotes "those things do best please me".
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Theseus then gives Hermia until the next new moon to decide if she will marry Demetrius and make her father happy, or be killed for loving a man her father does not approve of or become a nun and have no man at all. She continues to tell of her love for Lysander and not Demetrius and that she will not marry him. Everyone leaves the room and Hermia and Lysander plan on a way to be together no matter what.
- Word count: 2065
Ay, by my life; And never did desire to see thee more. Therefore be out of hope, of question, of doubt; Be certain, nothing truer - 'tis no jest That I do hate thee and love Helena. 1 This clearly illustrates Lysander being honest about him changing his love to Helena instead of Hermia. Lysander also openly states his hatred towards Hermia. Lysander is at fault for being blunt with Hermia, when he knows Hermia still loves him. Although this has a negative effect, it also has a positive effect because Lysander is not leading Hermia on with false hopes of love.
- Word count: 1887
These include; Quince the carpenter, Snug the joiner, Bottom the weaver, Flute the bellows mender, Snout the tinker and Starveling the tailor. The Queen of the fairies is Titania and the King of the fairies is Oberon. Titania and Oberon are also deeply in love, and share a jealous love. Puck, also known as Robin Goodfellow, works for Oberon. Titania has an adopted child, the changling boy, who is half fairy, half human. Oberon is jealous of him as he gets a lot of Titania's attention.
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This way of behaving shoes real chaos there. As well, Demetrius loves Hermia, but Hermia loves Lysander. That's the only two among the four Athenians who love each other : Lysander and Hermia. But, chaos comes another time because they are not allowed to marry, but this is another type of chaos. In the end, we understand that this situation his really complicated, and chaotic for most of the characters except Theseus and Hippolyta. In Act 2 Scene 1, we can also find love chaos : Oberon, the King of the Fairies wants to marry Titania, Queen of the Fairies.
- Word count: 958
What devices does Shakespeare use to show the differences between the Court and the Mechanicals in Act I of A Midsummer Nights Dream?
One of the devices Shakespeare uses is language. The language of the Court is presented in verse, balanced, in iambic parameter, elaborate and dignified, whether talking in love or anger. Theseus apologises formally to Hippolyta for having conquered her in battle: "Hippolyta, I woo'd thee with my sword, And won thy love by doing these injures, But I will wed thee in another key, With pomp, with triumph..." Egeus accuses Lysander angrily; "Thou hast by moonlight at her windows sung, With feigning voices of feigning love, And stolen the impression of her fantasy, With bracelets of thy hair, rings, gauds, conceits, Knachs, trifles, nosegays, sweetmeats-messengers Of strong prevalent in unharden'd youth..."
- Word count: 743
Explore the social and historical context through Shakespeares stagecraft in A Midsummer Nights Dream
Their speech consists of iambic pentameter which contains five meters of two syllables, one stressed, one unstressed. This creates a rhythm that people listening can easily follow. In contrast, the Athenian workmen converse in regular prose, their speech isn't restricted by grammatical styles and their use of malapropisms, particularly by Bottom in an attempt of self-aggrandizement, suggests they are of a lower social status and lesser educated as snug says he is 'slow of study', although they probably were sent to school to get a basic education since they are tradesmen.
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Women had no rights at this time and were forced to do whatever they were told or else they could face the death penalty. This still happens today in some cultures and shows the contemporary relevance in the play. Hermia is in a very difficult situation and Theseus knows this so tries to explain that her father's judgment is better and she shouldn't be questioning him. He comes across as very understanding and sympathetic and this is because he has been in the situation before when he was prepared to die for Hippolyta's love.
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In this play, Shakespeare creates three worlds: the noble, aristocratic world of the Athenian court, the mundane world of the mechanicals, and the fantastical fairy world. Through the language of the inhabitants Shakespeare give each world its distinct atmosphere. Through the language of: Theseus, Hippolyta, and Egeus, Shakespeare creates an atmosphere of order and authority and reveals a side of Athens exclusive to the upper class. The language spoken by the characters of the Athenian court is very formal, "EGEUS: Happy be Theseus, our renowned duke!/ THESEUS: Thanks, good Egeus.
- Word count: 860
It was thought that these spheres made the world harmonious, but humans couldn't see the true beauty of it because of Adam and Eve. The legend goes that Eve was tempted by the serpent and ate the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden. This, apparently, caused the whole human race to fall from God's grace. Now, the relevance of this to 'A Midsummer Night's Dream' and the theme of marriage is that when this happened, it meant man kind could not the 'music' of the spheres; they were only told by God that everything had its place.
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He keeps on saying: "I'm the best, I'm the best!" while, as shown by his constant slip-ups, it's clear that he's definitely not the brightest, like when he's shouting some sort of sonnet, to show that 'he knows what he's doing' but he says a lot of it wrong and uses some of the words mistaken. - A thing Shakespeare does deliberately to make Bottom even more humorous, which is called Dramatic irony, when Bottom is unknowing, that he's doing something wrong and just goes on doing it, while the audience is aware of the funny thing, which is another good reason for them to express their amusement.
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wooed thee with my sword, And won thy love, doing thee injuries; But I will wed thee in another key, With pomp, with triumph and with revelling." This shows that Duke Theseus sees Hippolyta as a possession and a trophy that he won in battle, even this early in the play we can clearly see large aspects of male dominance which escalates throughout and shows how men were socially above women and are dominant in the waking concious world of Athens.
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Thus from the beginning, Shakespeare creates the impression of a character that delights in mischief, but does not go out of his way to harm people. Though Puck catalyses the conflict between the lovers, it is not because of evil intent that he does this. In fact if anyone should be deemed cruel or evil in A Midsummer Night's Dream, it should be Oberon. As it was due to carrying out Oberon's orders, Puck caused the confusion amongst the lovers seen in Act 3 Scene 2.
- Word count: 780
Here, a ninny refers to an imbecile, whereas Ninus' refers to the legendary founder of Nineveh. Shakespeare's audience would very likely have been able to pick this up and see the humour in it. On top of this, in Quince's script, there appears to be a lot of forced rhyme, which in contrast to lilting verses of the fairies is quite brusquely funny. For example, 'Jew' is used in a desperate attempt to rhyme with 'hue', likewise with 'brier' and 'tire'. Thus part of the comedy the craftsmen create lies in the very crudely constructed poetry.
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This meant that the audience had to use their minds and imagine everything. The effectiveness of the whole play had to be portrayed through the language and the acting which was a lot harder than today as we have scenery, props and music to help emphasise certain parts and make plays more believable. Flute suggests that they should write a little speech to explain that the lion isn't a real lion in case the ladies get scared - ``Ladies' or `Fair ladies - I would wish you', or 'request you', or `I would entreat you - not to fear, not to fear, not to tremble.
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In this way, Shakespeare could be seen as a writer ahead of his time. The effects of magic in A Midsummer Night's Dream may have been influenced by the social attitude of the Elizabethan era. During Elizabethan times magic - unlike today - was widely believed in. It was considered a crime to practise magic and was an offence punishable by law. People (usually single women) were executed if they were suspected of committing this "crime". I think that this may have influenced Shakespeare to make magic have such a dramatic and often catastrophic effect.
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This is also an example of a verbal joke which is seen throughout the play. An example of mistaken identity can be seen when Bottom has been transformed into an ass by Puck's magic. When snout says to Bottom 'Thou are changed' we see this. Poetry is used by all characters apart from the mechanicals who speak in blank verse. For those days comedies were a great genre and therefore Shakespeare wrote this comedy. What is the relationship between the title of the play and magic? There is a high significance between magic and the title of 'Midsummer Night's Dream'.
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The echo between the two plays starts at the very beginning of the Pymamus and Thisbe story. Objections from the father of Thisby act as a "wall" "stand[ing] between" Thisbe and Pyramus. Despite the objection from the great father authority, the "fearful lovers" risk everything just to hear the other one's "whisper" and the only way for the lovers to communicate is through the "crannied hole" on the wall. This is very much similar with the situation of Hermia and Lysander.
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How does Shakespeare introduce the play's key themes of love, comedy and magic in A Midsummer Night's Dream?
This means that she is so deeply tied to Lysander that she will sacrifice herself rather than giving her body to another man. She is sensible about the trials of love, and takes it seriously when she says "let us teach our trial patience, because it is a customary cross, as due to love". She is saying that love often does cause problems and she is willing to wait for him. When Hermia tells Lysander she will elope with him, she swears on various symbols of true love, like Cupid and Venus's doves: "I swear to thee, by Cupid's strongest bow, By his best arrow with the golden head, By the simplicity of Venus' doves."
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But then it started. Emergency news reports slicing into broadcasts simultaneously on every channel, news reporters calmly explaining that a phial of Lysander 3 had been stolen by a new radical terrorist group called Avalanche. Their faces were sullen, but their voices shook with barely contained fear, the panic to which they long to succumb being fought back before my eyes. At that moment sitting there in my bedroom I knew deep down that things would never be the same.
- Word count: 1676
This argument means that the seasons change. Puck the other main character in the fairies is Oberon's "right hand man" he is sent to make Titania look like a fool as Oberon's revenge. Puck is Oberon's jester. He has many names he likes to think himself as a "merry wanderer of the night". But he is known to be a "shrewd and knavish sprite" called "Robin Goodfellow" and a "hobgoblin". He gets this name because he plays nasty tricks on people and does not always do what the king tells him to do.
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I can tell that she believes they are all mocking her because in act 3 scene 2 - line 168, Helena says "Never did mockers waste more idle breathe." She is annoyed with both the boys as they follow her around endlessly is filled with humour, this is ironic because she now has too much love instead of too little. Although confusing it is also comical, and contains much dramatic irony because the audience knows what is going on in the play but the players do not.
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Comment on the different kinds if dramatic speech in this extract - Act 3 Scene 2 (413-463) A Midsummer Nights Dream.
Thou shalt buy this dear'. Demetrius is also competitive and this emphasises his macho behaviour. Demetrius is presented in the same light as Lysander in which he is obsessed with revenge and is concerned with competitiveness Shakespeare presents Lysander and Demetrius as revengeful, selfish, and in a macho way, he does this by using dramatic irony, this is comical for the audience although this effect also reveals the feelings of the characters involved. Demetrius and Lysander talk of their revenge for each other, this is brought across in a macho way which Shakespeare may be portraying as a stereotypical view of males.
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Helena: Excuse me my husband has been having pain in his eyes. I wonder is there anything you can prescribe? Apothecarist: Of course there is. Dian' s bud is the antidote of everything to do with the eyes. Here you are. (He hands her a bottle.) Helena: Oh, thank you very much. As Helena leaves, the apothacrist magically turns into Oberon. He smiles. Oberon: This new potion will wash away the love juice from his eyes, For it is time Helena knew if his love be truth or lies.
- Word count: 485
A Midsummer Night's Dream - How might the staging of Act IV Scene I emphasize the influence of the spirit world on the human world?
Puck, who cast the spell on Titania and Bottom, is up on the right pillar looking down on them. The flower he used should be prominently displayed on stage when characters under its spell are performing. On stage, Titania should be dressed in a long shimmering dress, possibly in shades of purple and red to portray her as a regal but magical character. She should, in addition to this, be acting at a higher level than the fairies to symbolize her authority over them. The fairies in this scene should also be wearing clothing that catch the natural light in the theatre, but should not be wearing clothes as beautiful or as colorful as Titania's, again to create the image of different power levels.
- Word count: 1302