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Explore how and why scrooge changes during the course of the novel

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Explore how and why scrooge changes during the course of the novel 'A Christmas Carol' written by Charles Dickens tells the story of a man named Ebenezer Scrooge who is taught the true meaning of Christmas and is shown the errors of his ways. 'A Christmas Carol' was published in 1843, this was a time of social and political unrest. Dickens motivation for writing this story was to encourage employers to treat workers well, he uses the Christmas Carol to portray this message. Charles Dickens felt strongly about the working conditions and poverty that many people endured. He wanted to encourage employers to treat their workers well. At the time that 'A Christmas carol' was published, the Chartists were agitating for better pay and conditions, and the poor where placed in workhouses. Another problem for the poor people was that the legal system treated them unjustly and it was clear that it favoured the rich. Dickens wanted to make people realise that by changing their ways they could make life better not just for their selves but for the less fortunate. Ebenezer Scrooge a hard working businessman who was rich enough, but an uncharitable man, unsympathetic to the poor and without a true friend in the world. ...read more.


We see a small boy neglected on Christmas for a number of years, until his sister who takes him home visits him. The ghost takes Scrooge back to his first job and a happy Christmas, "why its old Fezziwig! Bless his heart; its fezziwig alive again!" Scrooge emotions change from being once cold and heartless to being warm and happy before becoming conscious that the ghost was there. Also there is a change in his character as he remembers Fezziwig he begins to feel remorse towards the way he has treated his clerk. Also at the party scrooge met the former love of his life, Belle. As the ghost moves scrooge on through time he sees him self in different light one, which brings pain to him, "may you be happy in the life you have chosen. Scrooge of today, because he chose the riches over Belle. This is where Scrooge first begins to really change in to the man he is today. The second ghost who visits Scrooge is the ghost of Christmas present. "There sat a jolly Giant, glorious to see: Scrooge was taken to Christmas morning, where he saw the people of London wrapped up in the happy hustle of Christmas day. ...read more.


"I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year." I think that Dickens has been very successful in showing the evil in his society. Using a character like Ebenezer Scrooge, who is shown to be the most unpleasant employer there is, really emphasises the fact that how if small actions are changed the major differences it can make in people's lives. By showing it through one-person shows if everyone was to change their actions for the better the greater things would be come. I think that the most effective way Dickens has shown this, is where he shows scrooge looking at his own gravestone. As it makes people think would people care if they had died? If the answer was no then they had to change for the better as no one wants to be that person. Also using the death of tiny Tim of scrooge didn't help the poor really showed if you gave a little you can save a lot. Dickens really involves the reader through out the novel, which is where the effectiveness is emphasised as it carries the reader through a variety of emotions from sympathy and sadness to joy. ...read more.

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