• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Browning Illustrate the Relationships he portrays in 'My Last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's Lover'

Extracts from this document...


How does Browning Illustrate the Relationships he portrays in 'My Last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's Lover'? By reading both of the poems presented by Browning there were several features that seem to be closely related. 'My Last Duchess', although written in the 19th Century, was set back in the Renaissance era which was between 14th and 15th century. This is not the same as 'Porphyria's Lover', which has no indication of being set any other time than when it was written (which was also in the 19th century.) They were however both set with the same quite similar theme of a man killing his partner. The killings are quite a dire exposure into the thinking of a man in a position of power over his partner. They are shown in a way that 20th century readers feel uncomfortable with. This although is from my perspective as a modern reader, so would people have been as shocked to read poems such as these in the 19th century? Male authority would probably have been more widely accepted back then, so even though people would have turned a blind eye to this sort of act it would not have been uncommon. 'My Last Duchess' is written from behind the eyes of a duke. A Renaissance nobleman who is now a widower and has had a painting done of his deceased wife which he always keeps behind a curtain. This picture he is showing to a messenger of another noble family of which has a daughter he wants to marry, and explaining how it came to be about and why she is dead. ...read more.


This is shown on line 34 where he says 'Who'd stoop to blame this sort of trifling?' He would not be prepared to go to his wife and tell her this when (in his opinion) should be doing as he pleases anyway. Also on lines 42 and 43 'and I choose never to stoop'. This puts a solid lid on the fact that he would never go so low as to ask or tell her to behave as he sees fit. This selfishness and jealousy of the Duke to his Duchess, results in her death near the end of the poem. From line 43 'Oh sir, she smiled' to line 45 'Then all smiles stopped together' there is a build up to her death. The tension build up, she smiles at the Duke, but also in the same way to other men. This got worse and worse as she continues to do to, the Duke couldn't stand this so he 'gave commands' and she was executed. To show the Dukes backhandedness of the situation, he continues the tour of the house with the messenger after telling him the story of 'My Last Duchess' This shows that he thinks he is the hierarchy, that he is the most important and that killing a wife who did not suit his picture of the obedient woman. Both of the poems are based around a love triangle of the female, her lover and her partner/husband. Although this may be true, the poems are still quite different, because in 'Porphyria's Lover' there is a definite other partner for Porphyria, but 'My Last Duchess is written entirely on the Duke speculations of the fraternisation between his Duchess and 'other men'. ...read more.


'No pain felt she; I am quite sure she felt no pain' It is obvious that if you kill someone by asphyxiation that they will feel pain, but he is either to naive or is just using euphemism. And altoguh he has killed her he can't see he has done anything wrong. As 'God has not said a word' He feels that everything is ok and that if he had done anything wrong then God would have punished him by now. All in all, both poems are about a man and their jealousy of their lover and her partner, even if that person is just inside their head. The trouble with both of the men who killed their woman, is that they cannot see that what they did was wrong. This may have been normal for people in the 19th century as said before, but for people reading in modern times this is abnormal and the relationships seem weird. All in all Browning portrays the relationships in similar ways. Both are connected with at least three people, even if the third or more (as is in the case of 'My Last Duchess') is just an imagination of paranoia. Both of the men after killing their woman do not realise what they have done is wrong and that they should feel guilty about it. None do so. As said before, this sort of act may have been normal for people in the 19th century as said before, but for people reading in modern times this not and it makes the men of the relationship seem very possessive and willing to kill at will. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Robert Browning section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Robert Browning essays

  1. Robert Browning is described as 'a love poet who was acutely aware of how ...

    The Character suspects he may have done wrong, even though he doesn't think upon it as murder, but as preservation. So he reassures himself: he is a man and is intelligent with good judgement, he does this by basically saying God agrees with me that I have done the rightful thing.

  2. How does Browning present the idea of love in 'The Laboratory' and 'My Last ...

    uncertain of who her fantasy is with or she is jealous of people around her, its as if she does not know herself. Her jealousy lies in looks. She mentions Pauline and Elise's 'breast', 'arms' and 'hands', all attractive feminine body part of the time.

  1. Compare the presentation of relationships in My Last Duchess, Porphyrias Lover and ...

    then she would flirt back as she was known to be very flirtatious woman, although she was married to the Duke. The style and structure of the poem adds the effect to the poem. My Last Duchess is written as a dramatic monologue.

  2. The four poems I have chosen are Hitcher, Education for Leisure, The man he ...

    to achieve the impression of ordinary speech. My last duchess uses questions to form a relationship with the reader and get them involved in the story that they are telling, and to create the atmosphere in which they are trying achieve.

  1. 'How effective an evocation of menace are the dramatic monologues 'My Last Duchess' and ...

    We then find that the Duke is speaking to the Count's envoy, discussing future marriage plans for the Duke for the next duchess. The fact that the audience is only made known at the end of the poem makes this a lot more chilling, as the readers are unsure of

  2. Porphyria's Lover by Robert Browning - an Analysis and exploration of the poem and ...

    In many of his poems, violence, along with sex, becomes the symbol of the modern urban-dwelling condition. Many of Browning's more disturbing poems, including Porphyria's Love reflect this notion of the changing times and society he lived in. This apparent moral decay of Victorian society, coupled with an ebbing of interest in religion, led to a morally conservative backlash.

  1. Comparing and Contrasting My Last Duchess and Porphyrias Lover

    The lover is of a lower class. This can be worked out from the fact that Browning mentions that he lives in a cottage. The woman, Porphyria, is of upper class. This is told to the reader through the lines "from her form Withdrew the dripping cloak and shawl, And laid her soiled gloves by, untied her hat".

  2. Comparing Porphyrias Lover and My Last Duchess

    The Duke takes great pride in almost pompously recounting how a gentleman by the name of Fr� Pandolf painted it for him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work