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How does Keats capture the essence of a season in "To Autumn"?

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How does Keats capture the essence of a season in "To Autumn"? The poem is made up of three stanzas and shows the movement in time from late summer to early winter. The first stanza details the many activities that take place during the season, using expressive language, such as, 'maturing, ripeness, plump, and clammy'. The use of this language serves to leave the reader with a more positive and warming image of autumn. He personifies autumn as a 'close bosom friend of the maturing sun'. Autumn is described as the suns closest friend, which shows the reader what a warm season autumn can be. The sun is 'conspiring with him how to load and bless'. ...read more.


The repetition of, 'more' in 'to set budding more and still more' again adds to the slow pace and tone of the poem. In the second stanza personification is again used with the repetition of, 'thy,' and with Keats directly addressing autumn with, 'thee' and, 'thou', and the image of Autumn being a woman with 'hair soft-lifted'. This stanza is also more relaxed than the first. Autumn's said to be 'sitting careless on a granary floor' or 'on a half reap'd furrow sound asleep'. The 'fume of poppies' relates to the drowsed state of Autumn. Opium is obtained from poppies and when taken causes a drowsed state. Even with the leisurely activities of autumn being described, the harvest is nearing completion with the suggestion of the cider-presses, 'last oozings hours by hours.' ...read more.


It would also sound as though they were dying themselves. This image of death is continued with the mention of the onslaught of winter with images of death, with, 'soft-dying day' and, 'as the light wind lives or dies'. The tone is then reversed by the onomatopoeia of, 'bleat, whistles and twitter', when describing the sounds of nature, which lifts the poem and ends the poem with an image of the season in a positive, cheerful way. The use of, 'bloom' and, 'rosy hue' also leave the reader with a romantic image of the landscape and sky. This three-stanza poem captures three distinct stages of autumn: growth, harvest, and death. The theme in the first stanza is that autumn is a season of fulfilling, yet the theme ending the final stanza is that autumn is a season of dying. Fiona Allen ...read more.

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