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'Lord Of The Flies' Is An Allegory. Examine The Symbolism In The Novel. Consider The Island, The Conch, Ralph, Piggy And His Glasses, Simon And His Death, Jack And His Actions, The Beast, The 'Lord Of The Flies' in Chapter 8, The Hunts, Nature And The W

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Introduction

'Lord Of The Flies' Is An Allegory. Examine The Symbolism In The Novel. Consider The Island, The Conch, Ralph, Piggy And His Glasses, Simon And His Death, Jack And His Actions, The Beast, The 'Lord Of The Flies' in Chapter 8, The Hunts, Nature And The Weather The book 'Lord of the Flies' was written by William Golding in 1954. It is an allegory or moral story as Golding uses it to ask questions about society; 'which is better - to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill?. . . which is better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?' (Piggy, page 200) The message the book carries is directly related to the time period that the book was written, just after the Second World War. This is due to the fact that Golding portrays, through a group of boys, what can become of a civilisation if we let it get out of control, as in the Second World War. When the boys forget civilisation, democracy, order and social organisation they are lost to dictatorship, anarchy and savagery; which is exactly what happened in Word War II. However Golding recognised that by using innocent boys to portray his message it would have a much more dramatic effect. The chapter titles enable the reader to know what state the civilisation on the island is in. ...read more.

Middle

Jack quickly becomes obsessed with hunting and killing, and throws off his uniform just like he is throwing off civilisation. When hunting, his symbol of savagery becomes more apparent as he is like an animal; 'dog-like' and 'sniffing the air' (Jack, page 48). Jack's language has deteriorated is now also described as 'fierce' (Jack, page 52) which is a complete contrast with how he appeared and thought at the beginning of the novel; 'We've got to have rules and obey them. After all we're not savages' (Jack, page 42). Chapter three also shows Simon in greater depth. It is already apparent that he wants to keep peace on the island by his defence of piggy; 'we used his specs. . .he helped in that way' (Simon about Piggy, page 42). In this chapter Simon is associated with light, calm and happiness. It is also apparent he prefers lighter areas and is related with sacrifice. Chapters 4, 5 and 6 are all symbolic for the demise of the island. Chapter 4, 'Painted Faces and Long Hair', shows that the boys are becoming more and more savage as the time they have spent on the island and their distance from civilisation increases. However the chapter also show Piggy to have stayed exactly the same as, unlike the other boys, his clothes are not ripped and his hair hasn't grown. ...read more.

Conclusion

After Jack has a taste of murder he no longer respects anything, he begins to steal and cheat. He steals Piggy's glasses, which show the social state of the island, and breaks them symbolising the island now being in ruins. After this chaos is set loose on the island, another murder is committed, of Piggy, the only boy on the island not to show changes from being on the island. He is killed in a most barbaric way by Roger and as Piggy plunges to his death as does the conch, smashing into a thousand pieces. With this the civilisation on the island is lost completely. The other boys now hunt Ralph. Once again the boys manage to destroy the island by setting the whole thing ablaze, they howl like savages and chase Ralph down like a pig. With the loss of humanity on the island the boys are finally rescued, the naval officer, a symbol for good looks down on the boys and Ralph proves himself well and truly to be a strong leader as he takes the blame for all that has happened but finally can no longer take all that has happened to him; 'And in the middle of them, with filthy body, matted hair, and unwiped nose, Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy.' (Page 225) ...read more.

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