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Read the following extract and explain how Orwell uses OBriens words to explore the themes of the novel. This passage is from Part 3, Chapter 3 during Winstons interrogation in the Ministry of Love.

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Introduction

Essay Question: Read the following extract and explain how Orwell uses O'Brien's words to explore the themes of the novel. This passage is from Part 3, Chapter 3 during Winston's interrogation in the Ministry of Love. In this passage Orwell describes the start of the second phase of Winston's re-education: "understanding". Orwell uses this passage to explore some of the novel's major themes including the dangers of totalitarianism and political authority, control through the use of physical means and psychological manipulation. Firstly, Orwell uses this passage to explore the dangers of totalitarianism and political authority. In the passage O'Brien states what the Party expects the near future to look like. O'Brien says that the world of Big Brother is one of "fear and treachery and torment" where the only form of progress in this world is "progress to more pain". ...read more.

Middle

The dangers of totalitarianism and political authority are shown throughout the novel as Orwell wanted to show the world what totalitarian governments have to go through to gain complete control and what they have to accomplish to stay in power. Secondly, Orwell uses this passage to explore the use of physical means for control. In the passage O'Brien that the only way a man can "assert his power over another" is "by making him suffer". This shows the reader that the party uses torture and other pain inflicting methods to control their subjects. O'Brien also states that "power is inflicting pain and humiliation" showing that he and the Party believe that to be powerful one must harm others. The last line: "If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face-for ever" gives the reader a good insight into the world of 1984 where everyone is controlled through the use of merciless force. ...read more.

Conclusion

O'Brien's belief that "power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together in new shapes" shows in essence the purpose of Winston's "reeducation". The fact that the Party has been able to "cut the links between child and parent" shows the reader the great power of the Party as they are not able to control their subjects physically but also mentally. These quotes show that the Party is trying to destroy the family and so that there is "no loyalty except loyalty towards the Party". The Party is also said to be now attempting to "abolish the orgasm" to eradicate the sexual instinct so that procreation is but a duty with absolutely no pleasure. In this passage Orwell explores the novel's major themes including the dangers of totalitarianism and political authority, control through the use of physical means and psychological manipulation. ...read more.

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