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The Change in Scrooge in "A Christmas Carol".

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Introduction

A Christmas Carol A Christmas Carol is a book written by the eminent author Charles Dickens. It was published on December 19th 1843, a time when Christmas spirit was absent in the people. It is argued that the book redefined the importance of Christmas spirit. It is set in a time of perpetual poverty and abiding social unfairness. The recent Industrial revolution has taken a heavy toll on those less fortunate who have now been displaced. Scrooge, a prosperous man, represents the higher class, who exhibits the typical characteristics of the higher class, greedy and selfish, as we can see by the use of such phrases ?surplus population?. Scrooge must cease to be what he has become and provide more for those in need, failure to do so will result in death. Due to the fact that the story is called ?A Christmas Carol?, the book?s chapters are instead called staves. From the introduction of Scrooge, we can summarily tell that he is a scurrilous and wicked man, ?Oh! But he was a tight fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge!?, and ?a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner?. Charles Dickens clearly wants you to have a clear and powerful image of Scrooge reiterating Scrooge?s awful personality, but also to perhaps open the eyes of those similar to Scrooge (the upper class). ...read more.

Middle

The ghost continues to tell Scrooge of his ways and how he must change, or he too shall suffer what the Ghost has. ?Hear me!? ?My time is nearly gone.? ?I will,? said Scrooge. ?But don?t be hard upon me! Don?t be flowery, Jacob! Pray!? These are signs of Scrooge in fear. When the Ghost has departed, Scrooge is in disbelief of the whole episode as he inspects his locked door. He is about curse when he opens his mouth to say ?Humbug?, but he stops mid word and decides to say nothing. That was the last time he said ?Humbug? in the novella which are signs of a changed man already. By the time the first spirit is introduced, Scrooge has become a new man, he is more polite and approachable, ?Are you the spirit, sir, whose coming was foretold to me?? We can tell that Scrooge is now calmer and gentler, differing from the once rude behaviour he had, we can tell this from the two commas on the word ?sir?. Just this one word already denotes the possibility of Scrooges newly opening mind. The spirit of Christmas past takes Scrooge on a ride to his hometown to which Scrooge becomes excited and shows a child like side of him for the first time in a long while, ?Good Heaven!? said Scrooge, clasping his hands together, as he looked about him. ...read more.

Conclusion

He begs to know the identity of the anonymous death and is taken to a churchyard and shown a grave. Realising it is his name on the grave stone he desperately implores the spirit to alter his fate, promising to renounce his insensitive, avaricious ways and to honour Christmas with all his heart. He vows ?to honour Christmas in my heart, and to try keep it all the year! I will leave in the past, present and the future. The spirits of all three shall strive within me, I will not shut away the lessons that they teach!?. The language is not just what dickens uses to show that Scrooge is a changed man, it is the rhythm and flow which is a lot smoother, these are the speech rhythms of a much more looser and emotional man. When Scrooge awakens, he has a new different attitude to life, it is now filled with encouragement and benevolence as the adjectives suggest, ?A merry Christmas to everybody! A happy New Year to all the world! Hallo there! Whoop! Hallo!? all these words show a new changed Scrooge. Dickens uses repetition to emphasise the change that has happened. There is a clear contrast in the language from the beginning compared to the end which can also be seen in Scrooges behaviour. There is a completely new vocabulary, ?so fluttered and so glowing in his good intentions? and ?laughing?. This language and behaviour would have been unrecognisable at the beginning of the novella. ...read more.

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