• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Aid and Development Report

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Monday 20th November 2006 Aid and Development Report The Aswan Dam A major example of a top down project is the building of the Aswan Dam. It is built nearly 4 miles south from the old dam which is called the Low Dam. It took eleven years to build, from 1960 to 1971 and it cost $1 billion to make. The Soviet Union helped the Egyptian government to build the dam. The Aswan High Dam was built to control the flow of the River Nile. Before the dam was built, the river used to flood the surrounding land for 2 to 3 months each year, covering it in silt. This created fertile farmland across the desert. However, for the rest of the year, there wasn't enough water, and in some years the flooding was very severe, causing damage to villages. The Egyptian government built the Aswan Dam to ensure a reliable water supply throughout the year. A lot of the water was used to irrigation to help the farmers grow more crops; however, although the dam solved some problems, it created many new ones. Advantages The advantages of building this dam is that now, many more people in Egypt get plenty of fresh and clean drinking water which they get form the Lake Nasser. ...read more.

Middle

This is because some of the water leaks through the dam and the rest is then lost through evaporation. This is a large waste of water. Finally, a major problem is that the Nile delta is getting smaller and smaller. This is because the River Nile doesn't carry any sediment and pebbles downstream from the dam. The pebbles and sediment get stuck behind the dam. Wildlife is losing its home around the delta because the delta is shrinking in size and the wildlife animals are losing their homes. UNICEF An example of a bottom up organisation is UNICEF. The project I am going to be reporting on is what UNICEF has done on the school sanitation and hygiene in Malawi. To carry out this project, it had cost �1.45 million. The purpose of this UNICEF project in Malawi is to develop and institute national standards for sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion in primary schools. These standards are then expected to lay the groundwork for other approaches that can then be applied more extensively. According to the Health Survey, only one out of 10 households in Malawi had an improved latrine or flush toilet. In many of the schools surveyed during the 2001 national sanitation review, the ratio was more than 100 children to one latrine. ...read more.

Conclusion

The local people weren't really involved in the decision making of the dam, nor were they involved in anything to do with the dam. I think that the top down development was more unfair with the way they built the dam because many local people were made to move out of their houses and leave to go to another place. I think this is very unfair because whether they wanted the dam or not, they HAD to move out! However, despite this, the project was very successful. The project in Malawi was more easily going and the local people were involved in what was going on. The way UNICEF went about was much more fair and nicely. They didn't chuck anyone of their houses to build a very large scale, modern object, they just built normal toilets!!! Also, I think that UNICEF was very good because they taught the local people about the importance of hygiene and clean latrines. Therefore, people would understand why they are building them and appreciate the fact that they will have a toilet. Overall, I think the building of the Aswan High Dam was better than the building of latrine in Malawi because although it had quite a few down sides, it improved the lives of the people living in Egypt significantly by providing them safe drinking water. Thousands of people are dieing due to lack of clean water, and this dam has helped to overcome the problem. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Geography Project GCSE

    not as willing to travel long distances to convenience goods shops, to purchase convenience - perishable goods. The nearest competition for Bromley shopping centre, is Croydon shopping centre, however there is also competition from Bluewater shopping centre and Lakeside shopping centre, in which shall be further away as Bromley shopping

  2. Overstrand report

    Sea walls are also too expensive and it does not look very nice on the beach. When tourists come to the beach, the sea wall blocks the sea so all you can see is the sea wall.

  1. AS Unit 3b: Applied Geographical Skills

    This means that the data collected is accurate but does have a few limitations. This data was recorded onto a goad map, which was given to us beforehand. We wrote what type of shop type with the symbols above onto the map and colour coded it.

  2. Geography Project - South Wales iron works.

    in the process of being demolished and replaced with new, more modern housing in an effort to improve the environmental quality. Boarded up flats at Llangeinor north of Blackmill. The new houses at Llangeinor. As well as attempting to attract more people with new housing developments, the council have been bringing in more jobs.

  1. The aim of this project is to prove that the development of the former ...

    All theses problems with the Dairy make it an ugly wrought and an eyesore for members of public and tourists because of it location right next to the canal, where a significant number of tourists come from. The look of this place may cause many tourists not to come back

  2. Ideas Review

    If producers in the LEDCs can earn higher wages and are helped to develop in the long term, they will be able to increase their spending power. This means they will be able to afford to buy high value processed products such as computers from the MEDCs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work