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Analysis of Famine in Ethiopia

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1984 to 1985 famine in Ethiopia Causes; * 8 years before things were already in a bad way but the government refused to declare a state of emergency. * In 1982 the government doubled the prices farmers had to pay for commercial fertilizers meaning a lack of food being made and sold. * The government also raised farmers taxes and collects "voluntary" contributions from them to support the war effort. * In the 1970s and 1980s Ethiopia was ravaged by war, in the northern part of Ethiopia there was the heavy tension between the Eritrean and Tigray People?s Liberation Front resulting in producing the legacy of war, economic devastation, and war-aggravated famine. ...read more.


The unreliable rainfall, lack of irrigation and erosion had arguably not changed significantly over the decades, but as a result of the rise in population, more pressure is put on the already overstretched resources. * The peasant farmers were completely dependent on unreliable rainfall. * There were no water storage/ conservation methods or facilities in common use. * 85% of the population relied on farming for a living. But rainfall didn?t come! Effects; * Famine led to more than 400,000 deaths. * Affected; excess mortality, increased emigration, lowered fertility until families decided to have more children as insurance against further risk which in the long run will increase fertility and family separation. ...read more.


* The primary government response to the drought and famine was the decision to uproot large numbers of peasants who lived in the affected areas in the north and to resettle them in the southern part of the country. * Several human rights organizations claimed that tens of thousands of peasants died as a result of forced resettlement. * A 1985 fund-raising effort headed by Bob Geldof induced millions of people in the West to donate money and to urge their governments to participate in the relief effort in Ethiopia.] The event was one of the most widely-viewed television broadcasts in history, with over 400 million viewers worldwide. * On 3 March 2010, Martin Plaut of the BBC published evidence that millions of dollars worth of aid to the Ethiopian famine were spent in buying weapons. ...read more.

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